Home » Android » Add a Header to a GridView (Android)

Add a Header to a GridView (Android)

Posted by: admin April 23, 2020 Leave a comment

Questions:

I’m aware that the GridView does NOT support a header or footer.
I’m extensively using GridViews and I would like to have headers that scroll with it.

What is the best way to approach the problem? Extending the GridView? Extending the ScrollView or ListView?

Any pointer or suggestion would be really appreciated! Thanks!

How to&Answers:

Google’s implementation of HeaderGridView addresses this problem. They are subclassing GridView.

HeaderGridView

I believe this is either part of the Google+ Photos app or the Gallery native app.

/* * Copyright (C) 2013 The Android Open Source Project * * Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); * you may not use this file except in compliance with the License. * You may obtain a copy of the License at * * http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0 * * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS, * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and * limitations under the License. */ package com.android.photos.views; import android.content.Context; import android.database.DataSetObservable; import android.database.DataSetObserver; import android.util.AttributeSet; import android.view.View; import android.view.ViewGroup; import android.widget.AdapterView; import android.widget.Filter; import android.widget.Filterable; import android.widget.FrameLayout; import android.widget.GridView; import android.widget.ListAdapter; import android.widget.WrapperListAdapter; import java.util.ArrayList; /** * A {@link GridView} that supports adding header rows in a * very similar way to {@link ListView}. * See {@link HeaderGridView#addHeaderView(View, Object, boolean)} */ public class HeaderGridView extends GridView { private static final String TAG = "HeaderGridView"; /** * A class that represents a fixed view in a list, for example a header at the top * or a footer at the bottom. */ private static class FixedViewInfo { /** The view to add to the grid */ public View view; public ViewGroup viewContainer; /** The data backing the view. This is returned from {@link ListAdapter#getItem(int)}. */ public Object data; /** <code>true</code> if the fixed view should be selectable in the grid */ public boolean isSelectable; } private ArrayList<FixedViewInfo> mHeaderViewInfos = new ArrayList<FixedViewInfo>(); private void initHeaderGridView() { super.setClipChildren(false); } public HeaderGridView(Context context) { super(context); initHeaderGridView(); } public HeaderGridView(Context context, AttributeSet attrs) { super(context, attrs); initHeaderGridView(); } public HeaderGridView(Context context, AttributeSet attrs, int defStyle) { super(context, attrs, defStyle); initHeaderGridView(); } @Override protected void onMeasure(int widthMeasureSpec, int heightMeasureSpec) { super.onMeasure(widthMeasureSpec, heightMeasureSpec); ListAdapter adapter = getAdapter(); if (adapter != null && adapter instanceof HeaderViewGridAdapter) { ((HeaderViewGridAdapter) adapter).setNumColumns(getNumColumns()); } } @Override public void setClipChildren(boolean clipChildren) { // Ignore, since the header rows depend on not being clipped } /** * Add a fixed view to appear at the top of the grid. If addHeaderView is * called more than once, the views will appear in the order they were * added. Views added using this call can take focus if they want. * <p> * NOTE: Call this before calling setAdapter. This is so HeaderGridView can wrap * the supplied cursor with one that will also account for header views. * * @param v The view to add. * @param data Data to associate with this view * @param isSelectable whether the item is selectable */ public void addHeaderView(View v, Object data, boolean isSelectable) { ListAdapter adapter = getAdapter(); if (adapter != null && ! (adapter instanceof HeaderViewGridAdapter)) { throw new IllegalStateException( "Cannot add header view to grid -- setAdapter has already been called."); } FixedViewInfo info = new FixedViewInfo(); FrameLayout fl = new FullWidthFixedViewLayout(getContext()); fl.addView(v); info.view = v; info.viewContainer = fl; info.data = data; info.isSelectable = isSelectable; mHeaderViewInfos.add(info); // in the case of re-adding a header view, or adding one later on, // we need to notify the observer if (adapter != null) { ((HeaderViewGridAdapter) adapter).notifyDataSetChanged(); } } /** * Add a fixed view to appear at the top of the grid. If addHeaderView is * called more than once, the views will appear in the order they were * added. Views added using this call can take focus if they want. * <p> * NOTE: Call this before calling setAdapter. This is so HeaderGridView can wrap * the supplied cursor with one that will also account for header views. * * @param v The view to add. */ public void addHeaderView(View v) { addHeaderView(v, null, true); } public int getHeaderViewCount() { return mHeaderViewInfos.size(); } /** * Removes a previously-added header view. * * @param v The view to remove * @return true if the view was removed, false if the view was not a header * view */ public boolean removeHeaderView(View v) { if (mHeaderViewInfos.size() > 0) { boolean result = false; ListAdapter adapter = getAdapter(); if (adapter != null && ((HeaderViewGridAdapter) adapter).removeHeader(v)) { result = true; } removeFixedViewInfo(v, mHeaderViewInfos); return result; } return false; } private void removeFixedViewInfo(View v, ArrayList<FixedViewInfo> where) { int len = where.size(); for (int i = 0; i < len; ++i) { FixedViewInfo info = where.get(i); if (info.view == v) { where.remove(i); break; } } } @Override public void setAdapter(ListAdapter adapter) { if (mHeaderViewInfos.size() > 0) { HeaderViewGridAdapter hadapter = new HeaderViewGridAdapter(mHeaderViewInfos, adapter); int numColumns = getNumColumns(); if (numColumns > 1) { hadapter.setNumColumns(numColumns); } super.setAdapter(hadapter); } else { super.setAdapter(adapter); } } private class FullWidthFixedViewLayout extends FrameLayout { public FullWidthFixedViewLayout(Context context) { super(context); } @Override protected void onMeasure(int widthMeasureSpec, int heightMeasureSpec) { int targetWidth = HeaderGridView.this.getMeasuredWidth() - HeaderGridView.this.getPaddingLeft() - HeaderGridView.this.getPaddingRight(); widthMeasureSpec = MeasureSpec.makeMeasureSpec(targetWidth, MeasureSpec.getMode(widthMeasureSpec)); super.onMeasure(widthMeasureSpec, heightMeasureSpec); } } /** * ListAdapter used when a HeaderGridView has header views. This ListAdapter * wraps another one and also keeps track of the header views and their * associated data objects. *<p>This is intended as a base class; you will probably not need to * use this class directly in your own code. */ private static class HeaderViewGridAdapter implements WrapperListAdapter, Filterable { // This is used to notify the container of updates relating to number of columns // or headers changing, which changes the number of placeholders needed private final DataSetObservable mDataSetObservable = new DataSetObservable(); private final ListAdapter mAdapter; private int mNumColumns = 1; // This ArrayList is assumed to NOT be null. ArrayList<FixedViewInfo> mHeaderViewInfos; boolean mAreAllFixedViewsSelectable; private final boolean mIsFilterable; public HeaderViewGridAdapter(ArrayList<FixedViewInfo> headerViewInfos, ListAdapter adapter) { mAdapter = adapter; mIsFilterable = adapter instanceof Filterable; if (headerViewInfos == null) { throw new IllegalArgumentException("headerViewInfos cannot be null"); } mHeaderViewInfos = headerViewInfos; mAreAllFixedViewsSelectable = areAllListInfosSelectable(mHeaderViewInfos); } public int getHeadersCount() { return mHeaderViewInfos.size(); } @Override public boolean isEmpty() { return (mAdapter == null || mAdapter.isEmpty()) && getHeadersCount() == 0; } public void setNumColumns(int numColumns) { if (numColumns < 1) { throw new IllegalArgumentException("Number of columns must be 1 or more"); } if (mNumColumns != numColumns) { mNumColumns = numColumns; notifyDataSetChanged(); } } private boolean areAllListInfosSelectable(ArrayList<FixedViewInfo> infos) { if (infos != null) { for (FixedViewInfo info : infos) { if (!info.isSelectable) { return false; } } } return true; } public boolean removeHeader(View v) { for (int i = 0; i < mHeaderViewInfos.size(); i++) { FixedViewInfo info = mHeaderViewInfos.get(i); if (info.view == v) { mHeaderViewInfos.remove(i); mAreAllFixedViewsSelectable = areAllListInfosSelectable(mHeaderViewInfos); mDataSetObservable.notifyChanged(); return true; } } return false; } @Override public int getCount() { if (mAdapter != null) { return getHeadersCount() * mNumColumns + mAdapter.getCount(); } else { return getHeadersCount() * mNumColumns; } } @Override public boolean areAllItemsEnabled() { if (mAdapter != null) { return mAreAllFixedViewsSelectable && mAdapter.areAllItemsEnabled(); } else { return true; } } @Override public boolean isEnabled(int position) { // Header (negative positions will throw an ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException) int numHeadersAndPlaceholders = getHeadersCount() * mNumColumns; if (position < numHeadersAndPlaceholders) { return (position % mNumColumns == 0) && mHeaderViewInfos.get(position / mNumColumns).isSelectable; } // Adapter final int adjPosition = position - numHeadersAndPlaceholders; int adapterCount = 0; if (mAdapter != null) { adapterCount = mAdapter.getCount(); if (adjPosition < adapterCount) { return mAdapter.isEnabled(adjPosition); } } throw new ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException(position); } @Override public Object getItem(int position) { // Header (negative positions will throw an ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException) int numHeadersAndPlaceholders = getHeadersCount() * mNumColumns; if (position < numHeadersAndPlaceholders) { if (position % mNumColumns == 0) { return mHeaderViewInfos.get(position / mNumColumns).data; } return null; } // Adapter final int adjPosition = position - numHeadersAndPlaceholders; int adapterCount = 0; if (mAdapter != null) { adapterCount = mAdapter.getCount(); if (adjPosition < adapterCount) { return mAdapter.getItem(adjPosition); } } throw new ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException(position); } @Override public long getItemId(int position) { int numHeadersAndPlaceholders = getHeadersCount() * mNumColumns; if (mAdapter != null && position >= numHeadersAndPlaceholders) { int adjPosition = position - numHeadersAndPlaceholders; int adapterCount = mAdapter.getCount(); if (adjPosition < adapterCount) { return mAdapter.getItemId(adjPosition); } } return -1; } @Override public boolean hasStableIds() { if (mAdapter != null) { return mAdapter.hasStableIds(); } return false; } @Override public View getView(int position, View convertView, ViewGroup parent) { // Header (negative positions will throw an ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException) int numHeadersAndPlaceholders = getHeadersCount() * mNumColumns ; if (position < numHeadersAndPlaceholders) { View headerViewContainer = mHeaderViewInfos .get(position / mNumColumns).viewContainer; if (position % mNumColumns == 0) { return headerViewContainer; } else { if (convertView == null) { convertView = new View(parent.getContext()); } // We need to do this because GridView uses the height of the last item // in a row to determine the height for the entire row. convertView.setVisibility(View.INVISIBLE); convertView.setMinimumHeight(headerViewContainer.getHeight()); return convertView; } } // Adapter final int adjPosition = position - numHeadersAndPlaceholders; int adapterCount = 0; if (mAdapter != null) { adapterCount = mAdapter.getCount(); if (adjPosition < adapterCount) { return mAdapter.getView(adjPosition, convertView, parent); } } throw new ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException(position); } @Override public int getItemViewType(int position) { int numHeadersAndPlaceholders = getHeadersCount() * mNumColumns; if (position < numHeadersAndPlaceholders && (position % mNumColumns != 0)) { // Placeholders get the last view type number return mAdapter != null ? mAdapter.getViewTypeCount() : 1; } if (mAdapter != null && position >= numHeadersAndPlaceholders) { int adjPosition = position - numHeadersAndPlaceholders; int adapterCount = mAdapter.getCount(); if (adjPosition < adapterCount) { return mAdapter.getItemViewType(adjPosition); } } return AdapterView.ITEM_VIEW_TYPE_HEADER_OR_FOOTER; } @Override public int getViewTypeCount() { if (mAdapter != null) { return mAdapter.getViewTypeCount() + 1; } return 2; } @Override public void registerDataSetObserver(DataSetObserver observer) { mDataSetObservable.registerObserver(observer); if (mAdapter != null) { mAdapter.registerDataSetObserver(observer); } } @Override public void unregisterDataSetObserver(DataSetObserver observer) { mDataSetObservable.unregisterObserver(observer); if (mAdapter != null) { mAdapter.unregisterDataSetObserver(observer); } } @Override public Filter getFilter() { if (mIsFilterable) { return ((Filterable) mAdapter).getFilter(); } return null; } @Override public ListAdapter getWrappedAdapter() { return mAdapter; } public void notifyDataSetChanged() { mDataSetObservable.notifyChanged(); } } } 

Answer:

I used Stickygridheaders from github ,it’s very beautiful and simple ,try it.

Answer:

I would go for extending GridView in this case as it seems the easiest. If you decided to extend ListView or ScrollView you would have to implement all GridView functions first, which is unnecessary for your case.

Answer:

After implementing it myself, I can say that the easiest way is to make an Adapter that handles the columns and use a ListView with the default header

I published the code with an example here: https://github.com/plattysoft/grid-with-header-list-adapter/

Answer:

You have to add header/footer view before calling setAdapter(new Your_Adapter);

 Try below code: LayoutInflater layoutInflater = LayoutInflater.from(getActivity()); View footerView = layoutInflater.inflate(R.layout.grid_view_footer, null); myListViewOrGridView.addFooterView(footerView); YourAdapter mAdapter = new YourAdapter(getActivity(), Your_Argument_Here); myListViewOrGridView.setAdapter(mAdapter); 

Answer:

You may add the header view right above your GridView in a layout file. Like:

<LinearLayout> ... <LinearLayout android:id="@+id/header" /> <com.sample.MyGridView /> ... </LinearLayout> 

Then generate the header view and add it the LinearLayout with id header

View header = inflater.inflate(R.layout.head_view, null); LinearLayout headerContainer = (LinearLayout) findViewById(R.id.header); headerContainer.addView(header); 

Answer:

It is possible to use the HeaderViewListAdapter which is used internally by ListView. It has the restrictions that you must have the same number of headers as columns and that headers can’t span columns (although you can play with the look so they appear to).

On the plus side it’s very easy to wrap your existing adaptor and add in some extra header cells and you don’t need to write any new code.

Answer:

I’ve found another library that allows having headers on a gridView.

I’t a bit annoying to import it and it has many un-needed resources, but it works fine: AStickyHeader

EDIT: it seems to have very annoying flexibility in regard to putting clickable views on the headers.

I think the best is to extend from GridView or implement it in a different way (as shown here, yet it supports only a single header, on top of the gridView) or use a listView with linearLayouts as the rows.

Answer:

My code in c# looks like this

((HeaderViewGridAdapter)Adapter).NumColumns = NumColumnsCompatible; private int NumColumnsCompatible { get { if (Build.VERSION.SdkInt >= BuildVersionCodes.Honeycomb) { return base.NumColumns; } else { try { Field numColumns = this.Class.GetDeclaredField("numColumns"); numColumns.Accessible = true; return numColumns.GetInt(this); } catch (Exception e) { if (numColumns != -1) { return numColumns; } throw new Exception("Can not determine the NumColumns for this API platform, please call setNumColumns to set it."); } } } } 

Answer:

I think this is possible by making your own layout:

<ScrollView> <LinearLayout android:id="@+id/container"> <com.project.MyGridView/> </LinearLayout> </ScrollView> 

To add header use something like that:

container.addView(header, 0); 

and last you must expand GridView height:

Class MyGridView extends GridView { .... @Override protected void onMeasure (int widthMeasureSpec, int heightMeasureSpec) { super.onMeasure(widthMeasureSpec, MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED); } .... }