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ALTER table – adding AUTOINCREMENT in MySQL

Posted by: admin November 1, 2017 Leave a comment

Questions:

I created a table in MySQL with on column itemID. After creating the table, now I want to change this column to AUTOINCREMENT. How can this be done using ALTER statements?

Table definition:

ALLITEMS (itemid int(10) unsigned, itemname varchar(50))

I am using the following code but it is throwing error: syntax incorrect.

ALTER TABLE allitems
MODIFY itemid INT(10) UNSIGNED AUTOINCREMENT; 
Answers:
CREATE TABLE ALLITEMS(
    itemid INT(10)UNSIGNED,
    itemname VARCHAR(50)
);

ALTER TABLE ALLITEMS CHANGE itemid itemid INT(10)AUTO_INCREMENT PRIMARY KEY;

DESC ALLITEMS;

INSERT INTO ALLITEMS(itemname)
VALUES
    ('Apple'),
    ('Orange'),
    ('Banana');

SELECT
    *
FROM
    ALLITEMS;

I was confused with CHANGE and MODIFY keywords before too:

ALTER TABLE ALLITEMS CHANGE itemid itemid INT(10)AUTO_INCREMENT PRIMARY KEY;

ALTER TABLE ALLITEMS MODIFY itemid INT(5);

While we are there, also note that AUTO_INCREMENT can also start with a predefined number:

ALTER TABLE tbl AUTO_INCREMENT = 100;

Questions:
Answers:

The syntax:

   ALTER TABLE `table1` CHANGE `itemId` `itemId` INT( 11 ) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT 

But the table needs a defined key (ex primary key on itemId).

Questions:
Answers:
ALTER TABLE `ALLITEMS`
    CHANGE COLUMN `itemid` `itemid` INT(10) UNSIGNED NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT;

Questions:
Answers:
ALTER TABLE allitems
CHANGE itemid itemid INT(10) AUTO_INCREMENT;

Questions:
Answers:
ALTER TABLE tblcatalog
    CHANGE COLUMN id id INT(11) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT FIRST;

Questions:
Answers:

Basic syntax for adding an AUTO_INCREMENT PRIMARY KEY to the OP’s existing table:

ALTER TABLE allitems
MODIFY itemid INT(10) UNSIGNED AUTO_INCREMENT PRIMARY KEY;

Or for a new table, here’s the syntax example from the docs:

CREATE TABLE animals (
     id MEDIUMINT NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,
     name CHAR(30) NOT NULL,
     PRIMARY KEY (id)
);

Traps and things to note:

  • An AUTO_INCREMENT column must have an index on it. (Usually, you’ll want it to be the PRIMARY KEY, but MySQL does not require this.)
  • It’s usually a good idea to make your AUTO_INCREMENT columns UNSIGNED. From the docs:

    Use the UNSIGNED attribute if possible to allow a greater range.

  • When using a CHANGE or MODIFY clause to make a column AUTO_INCREMENT (or indeed whenever you use a CHANGE or MODIFY clause) you should be careful to include all modifiers for the column, like NOT NULL or UNSIGNED, that show up in the table definition when you call SHOW CREATE TABLE yourtable. These modifiers will be lost otherwise.
Questions:
Answers:
ALTER TABLE t_name modify c_name INT(10) AUTO_INCREMENT PRIMARY KEY;