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Android Actionbar Up button versus system Back button

Posted by: admin April 23, 2020 Leave a comment

Questions:

I’m using the Actionbar and it’s “up” button to return from a detail activity to the main activity, which works fine. Similarly, the user can press the system “back” button to return to the main activity.

In my main activity, in onCreate() data is downloaded from the internet to display upon app start. I noticed that when I use the Actionbar “up” button to go from detail to main activity, onCreate() is run, re-downloading the data. But onCreate() is not run when I use the system “back” button, therefore immediately showing the main activity view.

The code I use in the detail activity to implement the “up” button is:

switch (item.getItemId()) {
   case android.R.id.home:
      Intent intent = new Intent(this, MainActivity.class);
      intent.addFlags(Intent.FLAG_ACTIVITY_CLEAR_TOP);
      startActivity(intent);
      return true;

I would like the “up” button to behave like the “back” button and not rerun onCreate(). But I’m unsure how to make this happen, or which code path the “back” button implements to return to the main activity.

Thanks!

How to&Answers:

Instead of starting a whole new activity simply finish the details activity you are in

switch (item.getItemId()) {
   case android.R.id.home:
      finish();
      return true;

Then you will return to the previous activity on the activity stack (your main activity) and onCreate shouldn’t be called

Answer:

If you want Up to do exactly what Back does, you can do this:

@Override
public boolean onOptionsItemSelected(MenuItem item) {
    switch(item.getItemId()) {
        case android.R.id.home:
            onBackPressed();
            return true;
        default:
            break;
    }
    return super.onOptionsItemSelected(item);
}

Note that the default implementation of onBackPressed() just calls finish(), but onBackPressed can be overridden.

Answer:

I think a better solution can be found in this post.

Calling finish() works in specific situations but may not always produce the behavior described in the documentation e.g:

enter image description here

By calling

Intent intent = NavUtils.getParentActivityIntent(this); 
intent.setFlags(Intent.FLAG_ACTIVITY_CLEAR_TOP|Intent.FLAG_ACTIVITY_SINGLE_TOP); 
NavUtils.navigateUpTo(this, intent);

you’ll return to the parent activity in the state in which you left it. If you have a flat app structure, it’ll still act just like the Back button.

Answer:

for a real “home” functionality , you should see the api demos ,under “App/Activity/Reorder Activities” .

the reason : what if you have something like this : activity1->activity2->activity3 , and now you wish to go to activity1 by pressing the home button on the action bar?

Answer:

I believe the simplest way is to override the “getParentActivityIntent” method of the detail activity adding the flag “Intent.FLAG_ACTIVITY_CLEAR_TOP”:

@Nullable
@Override
public Intent getParentActivityIntent() {
    Intent intent = super.getParentActivityIntent();
    if (intent != null) {
        return super.getParentActivityIntent().addFlags(Intent.FLAG_ACTIVITY_CLEAR_TOP);
    }
    return intent;
}

Answer:

There is another solution which can be in hand for somebody. I had the same double-behavior when user pressed Back and ActionbarBack buttons. I was fine with Back btn behaviour. I didn’t want an activity to be recreated. So I overrode the method

     @Override
public boolean onSupportNavigateUp() {
    onBackPressed();
    return true;
}

Works fine for me