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android – ADB Shell Input Events

Posted by: admin March 10, 2020 Leave a comment

Questions:

What is the basic difference between adb shell input keyevent and adb shell sendevent? Which one should I use for inputting a character? Are the keycodes the same that we pass to both the commands?

How to&Answers:

By adb shell input keyevent, either an event_code or a string will be sent to the device.

usage: input [text|keyevent]
  input text <string>
  input keyevent <event_code>

Some possible values for event_code are:

0 -->  "KEYCODE_UNKNOWN" 
1 -->  "KEYCODE_MENU" 
2 -->  "KEYCODE_SOFT_RIGHT" 
3 -->  "KEYCODE_HOME" 
4 -->  "KEYCODE_BACK" 
5 -->  "KEYCODE_CALL" 
6 -->  "KEYCODE_ENDCALL" 
7 -->  "KEYCODE_0" 
8 -->  "KEYCODE_1" 
9 -->  "KEYCODE_2" 
10 -->  "KEYCODE_3" 
11 -->  "KEYCODE_4" 
12 -->  "KEYCODE_5" 
13 -->  "KEYCODE_6" 
14 -->  "KEYCODE_7" 
15 -->  "KEYCODE_8" 
16 -->  "KEYCODE_9" 
17 -->  "KEYCODE_STAR" 
18 -->  "KEYCODE_POUND" 
19 -->  "KEYCODE_DPAD_UP" 
20 -->  "KEYCODE_DPAD_DOWN" 
21 -->  "KEYCODE_DPAD_LEFT" 
22 -->  "KEYCODE_DPAD_RIGHT" 
23 -->  "KEYCODE_DPAD_CENTER" 
24 -->  "KEYCODE_VOLUME_UP" 
25 -->  "KEYCODE_VOLUME_DOWN" 
26 -->  "KEYCODE_POWER" 
27 -->  "KEYCODE_CAMERA" 
28 -->  "KEYCODE_CLEAR" 
29 -->  "KEYCODE_A" 
30 -->  "KEYCODE_B" 
31 -->  "KEYCODE_C" 
32 -->  "KEYCODE_D" 
33 -->  "KEYCODE_E" 
34 -->  "KEYCODE_F" 
35 -->  "KEYCODE_G" 
36 -->  "KEYCODE_H" 
37 -->  "KEYCODE_I" 
38 -->  "KEYCODE_J" 
39 -->  "KEYCODE_K" 
40 -->  "KEYCODE_L" 
41 -->  "KEYCODE_M" 
42 -->  "KEYCODE_N" 
43 -->  "KEYCODE_O" 
44 -->  "KEYCODE_P" 
45 -->  "KEYCODE_Q" 
46 -->  "KEYCODE_R" 
47 -->  "KEYCODE_S" 
48 -->  "KEYCODE_T" 
49 -->  "KEYCODE_U" 
50 -->  "KEYCODE_V" 
51 -->  "KEYCODE_W" 
52 -->  "KEYCODE_X" 
53 -->  "KEYCODE_Y" 
54 -->  "KEYCODE_Z" 
55 -->  "KEYCODE_COMMA" 
56 -->  "KEYCODE_PERIOD" 
57 -->  "KEYCODE_ALT_LEFT" 
58 -->  "KEYCODE_ALT_RIGHT" 
59 -->  "KEYCODE_SHIFT_LEFT" 
60 -->  "KEYCODE_SHIFT_RIGHT" 
61 -->  "KEYCODE_TAB" 
62 -->  "KEYCODE_SPACE" 
63 -->  "KEYCODE_SYM" 
64 -->  "KEYCODE_EXPLORER" 
65 -->  "KEYCODE_ENVELOPE" 
66 -->  "KEYCODE_ENTER" 
67 -->  "KEYCODE_DEL" 
68 -->  "KEYCODE_GRAVE" 
69 -->  "KEYCODE_MINUS" 
70 -->  "KEYCODE_EQUALS" 
71 -->  "KEYCODE_LEFT_BRACKET" 
72 -->  "KEYCODE_RIGHT_BRACKET" 
73 -->  "KEYCODE_BACKSLASH" 
74 -->  "KEYCODE_SEMICOLON" 
75 -->  "KEYCODE_APOSTROPHE" 
76 -->  "KEYCODE_SLASH" 
77 -->  "KEYCODE_AT" 
78 -->  "KEYCODE_NUM" 
79 -->  "KEYCODE_HEADSETHOOK" 
80 -->  "KEYCODE_FOCUS" 
81 -->  "KEYCODE_PLUS" 
82 -->  "KEYCODE_MENU" 
83 -->  "KEYCODE_NOTIFICATION" 
84 -->  "KEYCODE_SEARCH" 
85 -->  "TAG_LAST_KEYCODE"

The sendevent utility sends touch or keyboard events, as well as other events for simulating the hardware events. Refer to this article for details: Android, low level shell click on screen.

Answer:

Updating:

Using adb shell input:

Insert text:

adb shell input text "insert%syour%stext%shere"

(obs: %s means SPACE)

..

Event codes:

adb shell input keyevent 82

(82 —> MENU_BUTTON)

“For more keyevents codes see list below”

..

Tap X,Y position:

adb shell input tap 500 1450

To find the exact X,Y position you want to Tap go to:

Settings > Developer Options > Check the option POINTER SLOCATION

..

Swipe X1 Y1 X2 Y2 [duration(ms)]:

adb shell input swipe 100 500 100 1450 100

in this example X1=100, Y1=500, X2=100, Y2=1450, Duration = 100ms

..

LongPress X Y:

adb shell input swipe 100 500 100 500 250

we utilise the same command for a swipe to emulate a long press

in this example X=100, Y=500, Duration = 250ms

..

Event Codes Updated List:

0 -->  "KEYCODE_0" 
1 -->  "KEYCODE_SOFT_LEFT" 
2 -->  "KEYCODE_SOFT_RIGHT" 
3 -->  "KEYCODE_HOME" 
4 -->  "KEYCODE_BACK" 
5 -->  "KEYCODE_CALL" 
6 -->  "KEYCODE_ENDCALL" 
7 -->  "KEYCODE_0" 
8 -->  "KEYCODE_1" 
9 -->  "KEYCODE_2" 
10 -->  "KEYCODE_3" 
11 -->  "KEYCODE_4" 
12 -->  "KEYCODE_5" 
13 -->  "KEYCODE_6" 
14 -->  "KEYCODE_7" 
15 -->  "KEYCODE_8" 
16 -->  "KEYCODE_9" 
17 -->  "KEYCODE_STAR" 
18 -->  "KEYCODE_POUND" 
19 -->  "KEYCODE_DPAD_UP" 
20 -->  "KEYCODE_DPAD_DOWN" 
21 -->  "KEYCODE_DPAD_LEFT" 
22 -->  "KEYCODE_DPAD_RIGHT" 
23 -->  "KEYCODE_DPAD_CENTER" 
24 -->  "KEYCODE_VOLUME_UP" 
25 -->  "KEYCODE_VOLUME_DOWN" 
26 -->  "KEYCODE_POWER" 
27 -->  "KEYCODE_CAMERA" 
28 -->  "KEYCODE_CLEAR" 
29 -->  "KEYCODE_A" 
30 -->  "KEYCODE_B" 
31 -->  "KEYCODE_C" 
32 -->  "KEYCODE_D" 
33 -->  "KEYCODE_E" 
34 -->  "KEYCODE_F" 
35 -->  "KEYCODE_G" 
36 -->  "KEYCODE_H" 
37 -->  "KEYCODE_I" 
38 -->  "KEYCODE_J" 
39 -->  "KEYCODE_K" 
40 -->  "KEYCODE_L" 
41 -->  "KEYCODE_M" 
42 -->  "KEYCODE_N" 
43 -->  "KEYCODE_O" 
44 -->  "KEYCODE_P" 
45 -->  "KEYCODE_Q" 
46 -->  "KEYCODE_R" 
47 -->  "KEYCODE_S" 
48 -->  "KEYCODE_T" 
49 -->  "KEYCODE_U" 
50 -->  "KEYCODE_V" 
51 -->  "KEYCODE_W" 
52 -->  "KEYCODE_X" 
53 -->  "KEYCODE_Y" 
54 -->  "KEYCODE_Z" 
55 -->  "KEYCODE_COMMA" 
56 -->  "KEYCODE_PERIOD" 
57 -->  "KEYCODE_ALT_LEFT" 
58 -->  "KEYCODE_ALT_RIGHT" 
59 -->  "KEYCODE_SHIFT_LEFT" 
60 -->  "KEYCODE_SHIFT_RIGHT" 
61 -->  "KEYCODE_TAB" 
62 -->  "KEYCODE_SPACE" 
63 -->  "KEYCODE_SYM" 
64 -->  "KEYCODE_EXPLORER" 
65 -->  "KEYCODE_ENVELOPE" 
66 -->  "KEYCODE_ENTER" 
67 -->  "KEYCODE_DEL" 
68 -->  "KEYCODE_GRAVE" 
69 -->  "KEYCODE_MINUS" 
70 -->  "KEYCODE_EQUALS" 
71 -->  "KEYCODE_LEFT_BRACKET" 
72 -->  "KEYCODE_RIGHT_BRACKET" 
73 -->  "KEYCODE_BACKSLASH" 
74 -->  "KEYCODE_SEMICOLON" 
75 -->  "KEYCODE_APOSTROPHE" 
76 -->  "KEYCODE_SLASH" 
77 -->  "KEYCODE_AT" 
78 -->  "KEYCODE_NUM" 
79 -->  "KEYCODE_HEADSETHOOK" 
80 -->  "KEYCODE_FOCUS" 
81 -->  "KEYCODE_PLUS" 
82 -->  "KEYCODE_MENU" 
83 -->  "KEYCODE_NOTIFICATION" 
84 -->  "KEYCODE_SEARCH" 
85 -->  "KEYCODE_MEDIA_PLAY_PAUSE"
86 -->  "KEYCODE_MEDIA_STOP"
87 -->  "KEYCODE_MEDIA_NEXT"
88 -->  "KEYCODE_MEDIA_PREVIOUS"
89 -->  "KEYCODE_MEDIA_REWIND"
90 -->  "KEYCODE_MEDIA_FAST_FORWARD"
91 -->  "KEYCODE_MUTE"
92 -->  "KEYCODE_PAGE_UP"
93 -->  "KEYCODE_PAGE_DOWN"
94 -->  "KEYCODE_PICTSYMBOLS"
...
122 -->  "KEYCODE_MOVE_HOME"
123 -->  "KEYCODE_MOVE_END"

The complete list of commands can be found on:
http://developer.android.com/reference/android/view/KeyEvent.html

Answer:

Also, if you want to send embedded spaces with the input command, use %s

adb shell input text 'this%sis%san%sexample'   

will yield

this is an example 

being input.

% itself does not need escaping – only the special %s pair is treated specially. This leads of course to the obvious question of how to enter the literal string %s… which you would have to do with two separate commands.

Answer:

By the way, if you are trying to find a way to send double quotes to the device, try the following:

adb shell input text ‘\”‘

I’m not sure why there’s no event code for quotes, but this workaround does the job. Also, if you’re using MonkeyDevice (or ChimpChat) you should test each caracter before invoking monkeyDevice.type, otherwise you get nothing when you try to send “

Answer:

One other difference:

  • adb shell input” is calling the input.jar to process and send the keycode from the Java layer of the android framework.
  • adb sendevent” is actually c code (part of toolbox utility ) that sends the input code directly into the /dev/input…. of Linux input subsystem.

More detail code trace into inside AOSP Framework can be found here:

http://www.srcmap.org/sd_share/4/aba57bc6/AOSP_adb_shell_input_Code_Trace.html#RefId=7c8f5285

Answer:

I wrote a simple Powershell script for windows users to map keys to adb shell input events. And controll an Android device remotely over LAN.
I don’t know if anyone finds it usefull, but I’ll share it anyways.

$ip = 192.168.1.8
cd D:\Android\android-sdk-windows\platform-tools\; .\adb.exe disconnect $ip; .\adb.exe connect $ip
$adbKeyNum = @{LeftWindows = "1"; F1 = "3"; Enter = "66"; UpArrow = "19"; DownArrow = "20"; LeftArrow = "21"; RightArrow = "22"; Add = "24";
        Subtract = "25"; Backspace = "4"; P = "26"}

while(1 -eq 1){
    $keyPress = [Console]::ReadKey($true).Key
    if ([string]$keyPress -eq "F10"){
        .\adb.exe disconnect $ip
        exit
    }
    elseif ([string]$keyPress -eq "F6"){
        $string = Read-Host -Prompt 'Input the string: '
        .\adb.exe shell input text $string
    }
    elseif ($adbKeyNum.ContainsKey([string]$keyPress)){
        echo $adbKeyNum.Get_Item([string]$keyPress)
        .\adb.exe shell input keyevent $adbKeyNum.Get_Item([string]$keyPress)
    }
}

Answer:

If you want to send a text to specific device when multiple devices connected. First look for the attached devices using adb devices

adb devices
List of devices attached
3004e25a57192200        device
31002d9e592b7300        device

then get your specific device id and try the following

adb -s 31002d9e592b7300 shell input text 'your text'

Answer:

To send a reload call to a React-Native app running in a android device: adb shell input keyboard text "rr"