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android – AES GCM implementation with authentication Tag in Java

Posted by: admin June 15, 2020 Leave a comment

Questions:

I’m using AES GCM authentication in my android project and it works fine. But getting some issues with authentication tag when it compare with openssl API generate tag. Please find the java code below:

SecretKeySpec skeySpec = new SecretKeySpec(key, "AES");
byte[] iv = generateRandomIV();
IvParameterSpec ivspec = new IvParameterSpec(iv);
Cipher cipher = Cipher.getInstance("AES/GCM/NoPadding");
cipher.init(Cipher.ENCRYPT_MODE, skeySpec, ivspec);
int outputLength = cipher.getOutputSize(data.length); // Prepare output buffer
byte[] output = new byte[outputLength];
int outputOffset = cipher.update(data, 0, data.length, output, 0);// Produce cipher text
outputOffset += cipher.doFinal(output, outputOffset);

I am using openssl for the same in iOS and generating authentication tag using below code

NSMutableData* tag = [NSMutableData dataWithLength:tagSize];
EVP_CIPHER_CTX_ctrl(&ctx, EVP_CTRL_GCM_GET_TAG, [tag length], [tag mutableBytes])

In java or bouncy castle, not able to get the exact authentication tag which openssl return and can you help me to resolve this issue. Thanks

How to&Answers:

In Java the tag is unfortunately added at the end of the ciphertext. You can configure the size (in bits, using a multiple of 8) using GCMParameterSpec. You can therefore grab it using Arrays.copyOfRange(ciphertext, ciphertext.length - (tagSize / Byte.SIZE), ciphertext.length) if you really want to.

It is unfortunate since the tag does not have to be put at the end, and it makes messes up the online nature of GCM decryption – requiring internal buffering instead of being able to directly return the plaintext. On the other hand, the tag is automatically verified during decryption.