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android – Change the Right Margin of a View Programmatically?

Posted by: admin March 10, 2020 Leave a comment

Questions:

Can this attribute be changed dynamically in Java code?

android:layout_marginRight

I have a TextView, that has to change its position some pixels to the left dynamically.

How to do it programmatically?

How to&Answers:

EDIT: A more generic way of doing this that doesn’t rely on the layout type (other than that it is a layout type which supports margins):

public static void setMargins (View v, int l, int t, int r, int b) {
    if (v.getLayoutParams() instanceof ViewGroup.MarginLayoutParams) {
        ViewGroup.MarginLayoutParams p = (ViewGroup.MarginLayoutParams) v.getLayoutParams();
        p.setMargins(l, t, r, b);
        v.requestLayout();
    }
}

You should check the docs for TextView. Basically, you’ll want to get the TextView’s LayoutParams object, and modify the margins, then set it back to the TextView. Assuming it’s in a LinearLayout, try something like this:

TextView tv = (TextView)findViewById(R.id.my_text_view);
LinearLayout.LayoutParams params = (LinearLayout.LayoutParams)tv.getLayoutParams();
params.setMargins(0, 0, 10, 0); //substitute parameters for left, top, right, bottom
tv.setLayoutParams(params);

I can’t test it right now, so my casting may be off by a bit, but the LayoutParams are what need to be modified to change the margin.

NOTE

Don’t forget that if your TextView is inside, for example, a
RelativeLayout, one should use RelativeLayout.LayoutParams instead of
LinearLayout.LayoutParams

Answer:

Use LayoutParams (as explained already). However be careful which LayoutParams to choose. According to https://stackoverflow.com/a/11971553/3184778 “you need to use the one that relates to the PARENT of the view you’re working on, not the actual view”

If for example the TextView is inside a TableRow, then you need to use TableRow.LayoutParams instead of RelativeLayout or LinearLayout

Answer:

Use This function to set all Type of margins

      public void setViewMargins(Context con, ViewGroup.LayoutParams params,      
       int left, int top , int right, int bottom, View view) {

    final float scale = con.getResources().getDisplayMetrics().density;
    // convert the DP into pixel
    int pixel_left = (int) (left * scale + 0.5f);
    int pixel_top = (int) (top * scale + 0.5f);
    int pixel_right = (int) (right * scale + 0.5f);
    int pixel_bottom = (int) (bottom * scale + 0.5f);

    ViewGroup.MarginLayoutParams s = (ViewGroup.MarginLayoutParams) params;
    s.setMargins(pixel_left, pixel_top, pixel_right, pixel_bottom);

    view.setLayoutParams(params);
}

Answer:

In Kotlin you can declare an extension function like:

fun View.setMargins(
    leftMarginDp: Int? = null,
    topMarginDp: Int? = null,
    rightMarginDp: Int? = null,
    bottomMarginDp: Int? = null
) {
    if (layoutParams is ViewGroup.MarginLayoutParams) {
        val params = layoutParams as ViewGroup.MarginLayoutParams
        leftMarginDp?.run { params.leftMargin = this.dpToPx(context) }
        topMarginDp?.run { params.topMargin = this.dpToPx(context) }
        rightMarginDp?.run { params.rightMargin = this.dpToPx(context) }
        bottomMarginDp?.run { params.bottomMargin = this.dpToPx(context) }
        requestLayout()
    }
}

fun Int.dpToPx(context: Context): Int {
    val metrics = context.resources.displayMetrics
    return TypedValue.applyDimension(TypedValue.COMPLEX_UNIT_DIP, this.toFloat(), metrics).toInt()
}

Then you can call it like:

myView1.setMargins(8, 16, 34, 42)

Or:

myView2.setMargins(topMarginDp = 8)