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android – Class not found in aar

Posted by: admin June 15, 2020 Leave a comment

Questions:

I’m getting class not found exception in my Android library (aar) when GoogleApiAvailability is called.

    Caused by: java.lang.ClassNotFoundException: Didn't find class "com.google.android.gms.common.GoogleApiAvailability" on path: DexPathList[[zip file "/data/app/com.myunityplugin.PushNotifications-1/base.apk"],nativeLibraryDirectories=[/data/app/com.myunityplugin.PushNotifications-1/lib/arm, /vendor/lib, /system/lib]]

The error is self-explanatory, but I’m not sure what I’m doing wrong. I’m pretty new to gradle and AndroidStudio.

I have the following under dependencies within my gradle.build:

    compile 'com.google.android.gms:play-services:8.4.0'
    compile 'com.google.android.gms:play-services-gcm:8.4.0'

I think the problem is that the play-services library needs to be included in the aar, and compile doesn’t do that. I tried using ‘runtime’ but I get “gradle dsl runtime not found”.

Questions:

  1. Is this an issue where I need to include the play-services library in my aar, and how do I accomplish that? (if not, how do I address this problem)
  2. Do I need to specify play-services or does play-services-gcm suffice?

Error Info / Setup

Line causing the error

GoogleApiAvailability ServiceAvailability = GoogleApiAvailability.getInstance();

Exception:

05-23 05:38:48.221 28055-28055/? E/AndroidRuntime: FATAL EXCEPTION: main
Process: com.myunityplugin.PushNotifications, PID: 28055
java.lang.NoClassDefFoundError: Failed resolution of: Lcom/google/android/gms/common/GoogleApiAvailability;
   at com.myplugin.unitynotification.GCM.GCM.checkPlayServices(GCM.java:33)
   at com.myplugin.unitynotification.GCM.MainActivity.onCreate(MainActivity.java:80)
   at android.app.Activity.performCreate(Activity.java:6550)
   at android.app.Instrumentation.callActivityOnCreate(Instrumentation.java:1120)
   at android.app.ActivityThread.performLaunchActivity(ActivityThread.java:3108)
   at android.app.ActivityThread.handleLaunchActivity(ActivityThread.java:3263)
   at android.app.ActivityThread.access$1000(ActivityThread.java:197)
   at android.app.ActivityThread$H.handleMessage(ActivityThread.java:1687)
   at android.os.Handler.dispatchMessage(Handler.java:102)
   at android.os.Looper.loop(Looper.java:145)
   at android.app.ActivityThread.main(ActivityThread.java:6897)
   at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Native Method)
   at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:372)
   at com.android.internal.os.ZygoteInit$MethodAndArgsCaller.run(ZygoteInit.java:1404)
   at com.android.internal.os.ZygoteInit.main(ZygoteInit.java:1199)
Caused by: java.lang.ClassNotFoundException: Didn't find class "com.google.android.gms.common.GoogleApiAvailability" on path: DexPathList[[zip file "/data/app/com.myunityplugin.PushNotifications-1/base.apk"],nativeLibraryDirectories=[/data/app/com.myunityplugin.PushNotifications-1/lib/arm, /vendor/lib, /system/lib]]
   at dalvik.system.BaseDexClassLoader.findClass(BaseDexClassLoader.java:56)
   at java.lang.ClassLoader.loadClass(ClassLoader.java:511)
   at java.lang.ClassLoader.loadClass(ClassLoader.java:469)
   at com.myplugin.unitynotification.GCM.GCM.checkPlayServices(GCM.java:33) 
   at com.myplugin.unitynotification.GCM.MainActivity.onCreate(MainActivity.java:80) 
   at android.app.Activity.performCreate(Activity.java:6550) 
   at android.app.Instrumentation.callActivityOnCreate(Instrumentation.java:1120) 
   at android.app.ActivityThread.performLaunchActivity(ActivityThread.java:3108) 
   at android.app.ActivityThread.handleLaunchActivity(ActivityThread.java:3263) 
   at android.app.ActivityThread.access$1000(ActivityThread.java:197) 
   at android.app.ActivityThread$H.handleMessage(ActivityThread.java:1687) 
   at android.os.Handler.dispatchMessage(Handler.java:102) 
   at android.os.Looper.loop(Looper.java:145) 
   at android.app.ActivityThread.main(ActivityThread.java:6897) 
   at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Native Method) 
   at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:372) 
   at com.android.internal.os.ZygoteInit$MethodAndArgsCaller.run(ZygoteInit.java:1404) 
   at com.android.internal.os.ZygoteInit.main(ZygoteInit.java:1199) 
    Suppressed: java.lang.ClassNotFoundException: com.google.android.gms.common.GoogleApiAvailability
   at java.lang.Class.classForName(Native Method)
   at java.lang.BootClassLoader.findClass(ClassLoader.java:781)
   at java.lang.BootClassLoader.loadClass(ClassLoader.java:841)
   at java.lang.ClassLoader.loadClass(ClassLoader.java:504)
        ... 16 more
Caused by: java.lang.NoClassDefFoundError: Class not found using the boot class loader; no stack available

App Level build.gradle

apply plugin: 'com.android.library'

android {
    compileSdkVersion 23
    buildToolsVersion "23.0.2"

    defaultConfig {
        minSdkVersion 19
        targetSdkVersion 23
        versionCode 1
        versionName "1.0"
    }
    buildTypes {
        release {
            minifyEnabled false
            proguardFiles getDefaultProguardFile('proguard-android.txt'), 'proguard-rules.pro'
        }
    }
}

dependencies {
    compile fileTree(dir: 'libs', include: ['*.jar'])
    testCompile 'junit:junit:4.12'
    compile 'com.android.support:appcompat-v7:23.2.1'
    compile 'com.google.android.gms:play-services:8.4.0'
    compile 'com.google.android.gms:play-services-gcm:8.4.0'
    provided files('lib-not-include/classes.jar')
}

Project level gradle.build

// Top-level build file where you can add configuration options common to all sub-projects/modules.

buildscript {
    repositories {
        jcenter()
    }
    dependencies {
        classpath 'com.android.tools.build:gradle:1.5.0'

        // NOTE: Do not place your application dependencies here; they belong
        // in the individual module build.gradle files
    }
}

allprojects {
    repositories {
        jcenter()
    }
}

task clean(type: Delete) {
    delete rootProject.buildDir
}
How to&Answers:

The aar file doesn’t contain the nested (or transitive) dependencies and doesn’t have a pom file which describes the dependencies used by the library.

It means that, if you are importing a aar file using a flatDir repo you have to specify the dependencies also in your project.

You should use a maven repository (you have to publish the library in a private or public maven repo), you will not have the same issue.
In this case, gradle downloads the dependencies using the pom file which will contains the dependencies list.