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android – Convert Bitmap to File

Posted by: admin March 11, 2020 Leave a comment

Questions:

I understand that using BitmapFactory can convert a File to a Bitmap, but is there any way to convert a Bitmap image to a File?

How to&Answers:

Try this:

bitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.PNG, quality, outStream);

See this

Answer:

Hope it will help u:

//create a file to write bitmap data
File f = new File(context.getCacheDir(), filename);
f.createNewFile();

//Convert bitmap to byte array
Bitmap bitmap = your bitmap;
ByteArrayOutputStream bos = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
bitmap.compress(CompressFormat.PNG, 0 /*ignored for PNG*/, bos);
byte[] bitmapdata = bos.toByteArray();

//write the bytes in file
FileOutputStream fos = new FileOutputStream(f);
fos.write(bitmapdata);
fos.flush();
fos.close();

Answer:

File file = new File("path");
OutputStream os = new BufferedOutputStream(new FileOutputStream(file));
bitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.JPEG, 100, os);
os.close();

Answer:

Converting Bitmap to File needs to be done in background (NOT IN THE MAIN THREAD) it hangs the UI specially if the bitmap was large

File file;

public class fileFromBitmap extends AsyncTask<Void, Integer, String> {

    Context context;
    Bitmap bitmap;
    String path_external = Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory() + File.separator + "temporary_file.jpg";

    public fileFromBitmap(Bitmap bitmap, Context context) {
        this.bitmap = bitmap;
        this.context= context;
    }

    @Override
    protected void onPreExecute() {
        super.onPreExecute();
        // before executing doInBackground
        // update your UI
        // exp; make progressbar visible
    }

    @Override
    protected String doInBackground(Void... params) {

        ByteArrayOutputStream bytes = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
        bitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.JPEG, 100, bytes);
        file = new File(Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory() + File.separator + "temporary_file.jpg");
        try {
            FileOutputStream fo = new FileOutputStream(file);
            fo.write(bytes.toByteArray());
            fo.flush();
            fo.close();
        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }

        return null;
    }


    @Override
    protected void onPostExecute(String s) {
        super.onPostExecute(s);
        // back to main thread after finishing doInBackground
        // update your UI or take action after
        // exp; make progressbar gone

         sendFile(file);

    }
}

Calling it

new fileFromBitmap(my_bitmap, getApplicationContext()).execute();

you MUST use the file in onPostExecute .

To change directory of file to be stored in cache
replace line :

 file = new File(Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory() + File.separator + "temporary_file.jpg");

with :

file  = new File(context.getCacheDir(), "temporary_file.jpg");

Answer:

Hope this helps u

class MainActivity : AppCompatActivity() {

override fun onCreate(savedInstanceState: Bundle?) {
    super.onCreate(savedInstanceState)
    setContentView(R.layout.activity_main)

    // Get the bitmap from assets and display into image view
    val bitmap = assetsToBitmap("tulip.jpg")
    // If bitmap is not null
    bitmap?.let {
        image_view_bitmap.setImageBitmap(bitmap)
    }


    // Click listener for button widget
    button.setOnClickListener{
        if(bitmap!=null){
            // Save the bitmap to a file and display it into image view
            val uri = bitmapToFile(bitmap)
            image_view_file.setImageURI(uri)

            // Display the saved bitmap's uri in text view
            text_view.text = uri.toString()

            // Show a toast message
            toast("Bitmap saved in a file.")
        }else{
            toast("bitmap not found.")
        }
    }
}


// Method to get a bitmap from assets
private fun assetsToBitmap(fileName:String):Bitmap?{
    return try{
        val stream = assets.open(fileName)
        BitmapFactory.decodeStream(stream)
    }catch (e:IOException){
        e.printStackTrace()
        null
    }
}


// Method to save an bitmap to a file
private fun bitmapToFile(bitmap:Bitmap): Uri {
    // Get the context wrapper
    val wrapper = ContextWrapper(applicationContext)

    // Initialize a new file instance to save bitmap object
    var file = wrapper.getDir("Images",Context.MODE_PRIVATE)
    file = File(file,"${UUID.randomUUID()}.jpg")

    try{
        // Compress the bitmap and save in jpg format
        val stream:OutputStream = FileOutputStream(file)
        bitmap.compress(Bitmap.CompressFormat.JPEG,100,stream)
        stream.flush()
        stream.close()
    }catch (e:IOException){
        e.printStackTrace()
    }

    // Return the saved bitmap uri
    return Uri.parse(file.absolutePath)
}

}