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Android- create JSON Array and JSON Object

Posted by: admin November 29, 2017 Leave a comment

Questions:

How can I create a JSON with this format in Android:
Since the API that I will be passing will parse JsonArray then the object.
Or would it be okay if just to pass a json object? Since I will just have to insert 1 transaction per service call.

{
    "student": [
        {
            "id": 1,
            "name": "John Doe",
            "year": "1st",
            "curriculum": "Arts",
            "birthday": 3/3/1995
        },
        {
            "id": 2,
            "name": "Michael West",
            "year": "2nd",
            "curriculum": "Economic",
            "birthday": 4/4/1994
        }
    ]
}

What I know is only the JSONObject.
Like this one.

JSONObject obj = new JSONObject();
try {
    obj.put("id", "3");
    obj.put("name", "NAME OF STUDENT");
    obj.put("year", "3rd");
    obj.put("curriculum", "Arts");
    obj.put("birthday", "5/5/1993");
} catch (JSONException e) {
    // TODO Auto-generated catch block
    e.printStackTrace();
}

Any ideas. Thanks

Answers:

Use the following code:

JSONObject student1 = new JSONObject();
try {
    student1.put("id", "3");
    student1.put("name", "NAME OF STUDENT");
    student1.put("year", "3rd");
    student1.put("curriculum", "Arts");
    student1.put("birthday", "5/5/1993");

} catch (JSONException e) {
    // TODO Auto-generated catch block
    e.printStackTrace();
}

JSONObject student2 = new JSONObject();
try {
    student2.put("id", "2");
    student2.put("name", "NAME OF STUDENT2");
    student2.put("year", "4rd");
    student2.put("curriculum", "scicence");
    student2.put("birthday", "5/5/1993");

} catch (JSONException e) {
    // TODO Auto-generated catch block
    e.printStackTrace();
}


JSONArray jsonArray = new JSONArray();

jsonArray.put(student1);
jsonArray.put(student2);

JSONObject studentsObj = new JSONObject();
    studentsObj.put("Students", jsonArray);



String jsonStr = studentsObj.toString();

    System.out.println("jsonString: "+jsonStr);

Questions:
Answers:
public JSONObject makJsonObject(int id[], String name[], String year[],
            String curriculum[], String birthday[], int numberof_students)
            throws JSONException {
        JSONObject obj = null;
        JSONArray jsonArray = new JSONArray();
        for (int i = 0; i < numberof_students; i++) {
            obj = new JSONObject();
            try {
                obj.put("id", id[i]);
                obj.put("name", name[i]);
                obj.put("year", year[i]);
                obj.put("curriculum", curriculum[i]);
                obj.put("birthday", birthday[i]);

            } catch (JSONException e) {
                // TODO Auto-generated catch block
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
            jsonArray.put(obj);
        }

        JSONObject finalobject = new JSONObject();
        finalobject.put("student", jsonArray);
        return finalobject;
    }

Questions:
Answers:
 JSONObject obj = new JSONObject();
            try {
                obj.put("id", "3");
                obj.put("name", "NAME OF STUDENT");
                obj.put("year", "3rd");
                obj.put("curriculum", "Arts");
                obj.put("birthday", "5/5/1993");

            } catch (JSONException e) {
                // TODO Auto-generated catch block
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
             JSONArray js=new JSONArray(obj.toString());
             JSONObject obj2 = new JSONObject();
             obj2.put("student", js.toString());

Questions:
Answers:

You can create a a method and pass paramters to it and get the json as a response.

  private JSONObject jsonResult(String Name,int id, String curriculum) throws JSONException {
        JSONObject json = null;
        json = new JSONObject("{\"" + "Name" + "\":" + "\"" + Name+ "\""
            + "," + "\"" + "Id" + "\":" + id + "," + "\"" + "Curriculum"
            + "\":" + "\"" + curriculum+ "\"" + "}");
        return json;
      }

I hope this will help you.

Questions:
Answers:

Have been struggling with this till I found out the answer:

  1. Use GSON library:

    Gson gson = Gson();
    String str_json = gson.tojson(jsonArray);`
    
  2. Pass the json array. This will be auto stringfied. This option worked perfectly for me.

Questions:
Answers:

Here’s a simpler (but not so short) version which doesn’t require try-catch:

Map<String, String> data = new HashMap<>();
data.put("user", "[email protected]");
data.put("pass", "123");

JSONObject jsonData = new JSONObject(data);

If you want to add a jsonObject into a field, you can do this way:

data.put("socialMedia", (new JSONObject()).put("facebookId", "1174989895893400"));
data.put("socialMedia", (new JSONObject()).put("googleId", "106585039098745627377"));

Unfortunately it needs a try-catch because of the put() method.

IF you want to avoid try-catch again (not very recommended, but it’s ok if you can guarantee well formated json strings), you might do this way:

data.put("socialMedia", "{ 'facebookId': '1174989895893400' }");

You can do the same about JsonArrays and so on.

Cheers.

Questions:
Answers:
JSONObject jsonResult = new JSONObject();
try {
  jsonResult.put("clave", "valor");
  jsonResult.put("username", "iesous");
  jsonResult.put("password", "1234");

} catch (JSONException e) {
  // TODO Auto-generated catch block
 e.printStackTrace();
}

Log.d("DEV","jsonResult->"+jsonResult);