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Android Crop Center of Bitmap

Posted by: admin March 10, 2020 Leave a comment

Questions:

I have bitmaps which are squares or rectangles. I take the shortest side and do something like this:

int value = 0;
if (bitmap.getHeight() <= bitmap.getWidth()) {
    value = bitmap.getHeight();
} else {
    value = bitmap.getWidth();
}

Bitmap finalBitmap = null;
finalBitmap = Bitmap.createBitmap(bitmap, 0, 0, value, value);

Then I scale it to a 144 x 144 Bitmap using this:

Bitmap lastBitmap = null;
lastBitmap = Bitmap.createScaledBitmap(finalBitmap, 144, 144, true);

Problem is that it crops the top left corner of the original bitmap, Anyone has the code to crop the center of the bitmap?

How to&Answers:

enter image description here

This can be achieved with: Bitmap.createBitmap(source, x, y, width, height)

if (srcBmp.getWidth() >= srcBmp.getHeight()){

  dstBmp = Bitmap.createBitmap(
     srcBmp, 
     srcBmp.getWidth()/2 - srcBmp.getHeight()/2,
     0,
     srcBmp.getHeight(), 
     srcBmp.getHeight()
     );

}else{

  dstBmp = Bitmap.createBitmap(
     srcBmp,
     0, 
     srcBmp.getHeight()/2 - srcBmp.getWidth()/2,
     srcBmp.getWidth(),
     srcBmp.getWidth() 
     );
}

Answer:

While most of the above answers provide a way to do this, there is already a built-in way to accomplish this and it’s 1 line of code (ThumbnailUtils.extractThumbnail())

int dimension = getSquareCropDimensionForBitmap(bitmap);
bitmap = ThumbnailUtils.extractThumbnail(bitmap, dimension, dimension);

...

//I added this method because people keep asking how 
//to calculate the dimensions of the bitmap...see comments below
public int getSquareCropDimensionForBitmap(Bitmap bitmap)
{
    //use the smallest dimension of the image to crop to
    return Math.min(bitmap.getWidth(), bitmap.getHeight());
}

If you want the bitmap object to be recycled, you can pass options that make it so:

bitmap = ThumbnailUtils.extractThumbnail(bitmap, dimension, dimension, ThumbnailUtils.OPTIONS_RECYCLE_INPUT);

From: ThumbnailUtils Documentation

public static Bitmap extractThumbnail (Bitmap source, int width, int
height)

Added in API level 8 Creates a centered bitmap of the desired size.

Parameters source original bitmap source width targeted width
height targeted height

I was getting out of memory errors sometimes when using the accepted answer, and using ThumbnailUtils resolved those issues for me. Plus, this is much cleaner and more reusable.

Answer:

Have you considered doing this from the layout.xml ? You could set for your ImageView the ScaleType to android:scaleType="centerCrop" and set the dimensions of the image in the ImageView inside the layout.xml.

Answer:

You can used following code that can solve your problem.

Matrix matrix = new Matrix();
matrix.postScale(0.5f, 0.5f);
Bitmap croppedBitmap = Bitmap.createBitmap(bitmapOriginal, 100, 100,100, 100, matrix, true);

Above method do postScalling of image before cropping, so you can get best result with cropped image without getting OOM error.

For more detail you can refer this blog

Answer:

Here a more complete snippet that crops out the center of an [bitmap] of arbitrary dimensions and scales the result to your desired [IMAGE_SIZE]. So you will always get a [croppedBitmap] scaled square of the image center with a fixed size. ideal for thumbnailing and such.

Its a more complete combination of the other solutions.

final int IMAGE_SIZE = 255;
boolean landscape = bitmap.getWidth() > bitmap.getHeight();

float scale_factor;
if (landscape) scale_factor = (float)IMAGE_SIZE / bitmap.getHeight();
else scale_factor = (float)IMAGE_SIZE / bitmap.getWidth();
Matrix matrix = new Matrix();
matrix.postScale(scale_factor, scale_factor);

Bitmap croppedBitmap;
if (landscape){
    int start = (tempBitmap.getWidth() - tempBitmap.getHeight()) / 2;
    croppedBitmap = Bitmap.createBitmap(tempBitmap, start, 0, tempBitmap.getHeight(), tempBitmap.getHeight(), matrix, true);
} else {
    int start = (tempBitmap.getHeight() - tempBitmap.getWidth()) / 2;
    croppedBitmap = Bitmap.createBitmap(tempBitmap, 0, start, tempBitmap.getWidth(), tempBitmap.getWidth(), matrix, true);
}

Answer:

Probably the easiest solution so far:

public static Bitmap cropCenter(Bitmap bmp) {
    int dimension = Math.min(bmp.getWidth(), bmp.getHeight());
    return ThumbnailUtils.extractThumbnail(bmp, dimension, dimension);
}

imports:

import android.media.ThumbnailUtils;
import java.lang.Math;
import android.graphics.Bitmap;

Answer:

To correct @willsteel solution:

if (landscape){
                int start = (tempBitmap.getWidth() - tempBitmap.getHeight()) / 2;
                croppedBitmap = Bitmap.createBitmap(tempBitmap, start, 0, tempBitmap.getHeight(), tempBitmap.getHeight(), matrix, true);
            } else {
                int start = (tempBitmap.getHeight() - tempBitmap.getWidth()) / 2;
                croppedBitmap = Bitmap.createBitmap(tempBitmap, 0, start, tempBitmap.getWidth(), tempBitmap.getWidth(), matrix, true);
            }

Answer:

public static Bitmap resizeAndCropCenter(Bitmap bitmap, int size, boolean recycle) {
    int w = bitmap.getWidth();
    int h = bitmap.getHeight();
    if (w == size && h == size) return bitmap;
    // scale the image so that the shorter side equals to the target;
    // the longer side will be center-cropped.
    float scale = (float) size / Math.min(w,  h);
    Bitmap target = Bitmap.createBitmap(size, size, getConfig(bitmap));
    int width = Math.round(scale * bitmap.getWidth());
    int height = Math.round(scale * bitmap.getHeight());
    Canvas canvas = new Canvas(target);
    canvas.translate((size - width) / 2f, (size - height) / 2f);
    canvas.scale(scale, scale);
    Paint paint = new Paint(Paint.FILTER_BITMAP_FLAG | Paint.DITHER_FLAG);
    canvas.drawBitmap(bitmap, 0, 0, paint);
    if (recycle) bitmap.recycle();
    return target;
}

private static Bitmap.Config getConfig(Bitmap bitmap) {
    Bitmap.Config config = bitmap.getConfig();
    if (config == null) {
        config = Bitmap.Config.ARGB_8888;
    }
    return config;
}

Answer:

public Bitmap getResizedBitmap(Bitmap bm) {
    int width = bm.getWidth();
    int height = bm.getHeight();

    int narrowSize = Math.min(width, height);
    int differ = (int)Math.abs((bm.getHeight() - bm.getWidth())/2.0f);
    width  = (width  == narrowSize) ? 0 : differ;
    height = (width == 0) ? differ : 0;

    Bitmap resizedBitmap = Bitmap.createBitmap(bm, width, height, narrowSize, narrowSize);
    bm.recycle();
    return resizedBitmap;
}