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android – Difference between mkdir() and mkdirs() in java for java.io.File

Posted by: admin March 11, 2020 Leave a comment


Can anyone tell me the difference between these two methods:

  • file.mkdir()
  • file.mkdirs()
How to&Answers:

mkdirs() also creates parent directories in the path this File represents.

javadocs for mkdirs():

Creates the directory named by this abstract pathname, including any
necessary but nonexistent parent directories. Note that if this
operation fails it may have succeeded in creating some of the
necessary parent directories.

javadocs for mkdir():

Creates the directory named by this abstract pathname.


File  f = new File("non_existing_dir/someDir");

will yield false for the first [and no dir will be created], and true for the second, and you will have created non_existing_dir/someDir


mkdirs() will create the specified directory path in its entirety where mkdir() will only create the bottom most directory, failing if it can’t find the parent directory of the directory it is trying to create.

In other words mkdir() is like mkdir and mkdirs() is like mkdir -p.

For example, imagine we have an empty /tmp directory. The following code

new File("/tmp/one/two/three").mkdirs();

would create the following directories:

  • /tmp/one
  • /tmp/one/two
  • /tmp/one/two/three

Where this code:

new File("/tmp/one/two/three").mkdir();

would not create any directories – as it wouldn’t find /tmp/one/two – and would return false.



creates only one directory at a time, if it is parent that one only. other wise it can create the sub directory(if the specified path is existed only) and do not create any directories in between any two directories. so it can not create smultiple directories in one directory


create the multiple directories(in between two directories also) at a time.