Home » Android » android – doOnSubscribe gets called on main thread

android – doOnSubscribe gets called on main thread

Posted by: admin June 15, 2020 Leave a comment

Questions:

After reading multiple blog posts and documentation, I came to the conclusion that following doOnSubscribe will be executed on a worker thread:

Observable.just(1)
            .observeOn(Schedulers.io())
            .doOnSubscribe(__ -> Log.d("Testing", "Testing")) // Shouldn't this be on worker thread?
            .subscribe();

But after debugging, I see doOnSubscribe is executed on main thread. I thought doOnSubscribe is similar to other operators and hence has similar threading behavior when coupled with subscribeOn and observeOn.

What am I missing? How can I move doOnSubscribe execution to background thread?

How to&Answers:

subscribeOn and observeOn have no effect on doOnSubscribe because the connection between operators are established on the caller thread in order to support immediate cancellation. You have to defer the subscription to a doOnSubscribe in some way, e.g.:

Observable.defer(() ->
    Observable.just(1)
    .doOnSubscribe(s -> Log.d("Testing", "Testing"))
)
.subscribeOn(Schedulers.io())
.subscribe();

or

Observable.just(1)
.subscribeOn(Schedulers.io())
.flatMap(v ->
    Observable.just(1)
    .doOnSubscribe(s -> Log.d("Testing", "Testing"))
)
.subscribe()

Answer:

By default doOnSubscribe executes on the current thread. To change the thread in which doOnSubscribe is executed put subscribeOn below it. Tested with rxjava2 version 2.2.14

 Observable.just(1)
            .doOnSubscribe(s -> System.out.println("doOnSubscribe thread " + Thread.currentThread().getName())) //IO thread
            .subscribeOn(Schedulers.io())
            .observeOn(Schedulers.computation())
            .subscribe(s -> {
                System.out.println("subscribing thread " + Thread.currentThread().getName());//Computation thread
            });
Thread.sleep(100);