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android – Generating PublicKey from x and y values of elliptic curve point

Posted by: admin June 15, 2020 Leave a comment


I am trying to generate a shared secret in my app like this:

public static byte[] generateSharedSecret(PrivateKey privateKey PublicKey publicKey) {
    KeyAgreement keyAgreement = KeyAgreement.getInstance("ECDH", "SC");
    keyAgreement.doPhase(publicKey, true);
    return keyAgreement.generateSecret();

This is working fine, but the PublicKey I use here should be coming from the backend.

The backend just sends me the x and y value of a point on an elliptic curve and now I am supposed to generate the PublicKey from that. But I just can’t figure it out! How can I create a PublicKey instance just from those two values?

How to&Answers:

It’s actually quite simple! But you need one more thing besides the x and y values. You also need an ECParameterSpec! The ECParameterSpec describes the elliptic curve you are using and your app has to use the same ECParameterSpec as your backend does!

With the x and y values you can create an ECPoint instance and together with your ECParameterSpec you can create an ECPublicKeySpec:

ECParameterSpec ecParameters = ...;
BigInteger x = ...;
BigInteger y = ...;

ECPoint ecPoint = new ECPoint(x, y);
ECPublicKeySpec keySpec = new ECPublicKeySpec(ecPoint, ecParameters);

And now with that ECPublicKeySpec you can generate the PublicKey using a KeyFactory:

KeyFactory keyFactory = KeyFactory.getInstance("EC");
PublicKey publicKey = keyFactory.generatePublic(keySpec);

You can find more information about this topic here.