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Android: Getting a file URI from a content URI?

Posted by: admin November 30, 2017 Leave a comment

Questions:

In my app the user is to select an audio file which the app then handles. The problem is that in order for the app to do what I want it to do with the audio files, I need the URI to be in file format. When I use Android’s native music player to browse for the audio file in the app, the URI is a content URI, which looks like this:

content://media/external/audio/media/710

However, using the popular file manager application Astro, I get the following:

file:///sdcard/media/audio/ringtones/GetupGetOut.mp3

The latter is much more accessible for me to work with, but of course I want the app to have functionality with the audio file the user chooses regardless of the program they use to browse their collection. So my question is, is there a way to convert the content:// style URI into a file:// URI? Otherwise, what would you recommend for me to solve this problem? Here is the code which calls up the chooser, for reference:

Intent ringIntent = new Intent();
ringIntent.setType("audio/mp3");
ringIntent.setAction(Intent.ACTION_GET_CONTENT);
ringIntent.addCategory(Intent.CATEGORY_OPENABLE);
startActivityForResult(Intent.createChooser(ringIntent, "Select Ringtone"), SELECT_RINGTONE);

I do the following with the content URI:

m_ringerPath = m_ringtoneUri.getPath();
File file = new File(m_ringerPath);

Then do some FileInputStream stuff with said file.

Answers:

Just use getContentResolver().openInputStream(uri) to get an InputStream from a URI.

http://developer.android.com/reference/android/content/ContentResolver.html#openInputStream(android.net.Uri)

Questions:
Answers:

You can use the Content Resolver to get a file:// path from the content:// URI:

String filePath = null;
Uri _uri = data.getData();
Log.d("","URI = "+ _uri);                                       
if (_uri != null && "content".equals(_uri.getScheme())) {
    Cursor cursor = this.getContentResolver().query(_uri, new String[] { android.provider.MediaStore.Images.ImageColumns.DATA }, null, null, null);
    cursor.moveToFirst();   
    filePath = cursor.getString(0);
    cursor.close();
} else {
    filePath = _uri.getPath();
}
Log.d("","Chosen path = "+ filePath);

Questions:
Answers:

Trying to handle the URI with content:// scheme by calling ContentResolver.query()is not a good solution. On HTC Desire running 4.2.2 you could get NULL as a query result.

Why not to use ContentResolver instead?
https://stackoverflow.com/a/29141800/3205334

Questions:
Answers:

If you have a content Uri with content://com.externalstorage... you can use this method to get absolute path of a folder or file on Android 19 or above.

public static String getPath(final Context context, final Uri uri) {
    System.out.println("%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%");
    final boolean isKitKat = Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= Build.VERSION_CODES.KITKAT;

    // DocumentProvider
    if (isKitKat && DocumentsContract.isDocumentUri(context, uri)) {
        System.out.println("getPath() uri: " + uri.toString());
        System.out.println("getPath() uri authority: " + uri.getAuthority());
        System.out.println("getPath() uri path: " + uri.getPath());

        // ExternalStorageProvider
        if ("com.android.externalstorage.documents".equals(uri.getAuthority())) {
            final String docId = DocumentsContract.getDocumentId(uri);
            final String[] split = docId.split(":");
            final String type = split[0];
            System.out.println("getPath() docId: " + docId + ", split: " + split.length + ", type: " + type);
            System.out.println("%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%");
            // This is for checking Main Memory
            if ("primary".equalsIgnoreCase(type)) {
                if (split.length > 1) {
                    return Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory() + "/" + split[1] + "/";
                } else {
                    return Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory() + "/";
                }
                // This is for checking SD Card
            } else {
                return "storage" + "/" + docId.replace(":", "/");
            }

        }
    }
    return null;
}

You can check what each part of Uri is using println. Returned values for my SD card and device main memory is listed. You can access and delete if file is on memory but i wasn’t able to delete file from SD card using this method, only read or opened image using this absolute path. If you have find a solution to delete using this method, please share.
SD CARD

getPath() uri: content://com.android.externalstorage.documents/tree/612E-B7BF%3A/document/612E-B7BF%3A
getPath() uri authority: com.android.externalstorage.documents
getPath() uri path: /tree/612E-B7BF:/document/612E-B7BF:
getPath() docId: 612E-B7BF:, split: 1, type: 612E-B7BF

MAIN MEMORY

getPath() uri: content://com.android.externalstorage.documents/tree/primary%3A/document/primary%3A
getPath() uri authority: com.android.externalstorage.documents
getPath() uri path: /tree/primary:/document/primary:
getPath() docId: primary:, split: 1, type: primary

If you wish to get Uri with file:/// after getting path use

DocumentFile documentFile = DocumentFile.fromFile(new File(path));
documentFile.getUri() // will return a Uri with file Uri

Questions:
Answers:

You should use
getContentResolver().openInputStream(uri) to get an InputStream from a URI. Because it is very much easy and easy to understand.
For more openInputStream(android.net.Uri)

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