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android – How can I enable NFC reader via API?

Posted by: admin June 15, 2020 Leave a comment

Questions:

There is any way I can enable Android NFC reader using API?

How to&Answers:

So apparently there is no way to enable the NFC from the API, even though Google does so within their source code (see below).

If you look at a line from the API for NfcAdapter.isEnabled():

Return true if this NFC Adapter has
any features enabled.

Application may use this as a helper
to suggest that the user should turn
on NFC in Settings.

If this method returns false, the NFC
hardware is guaranteed not to generate
or respond to any NFC transactions.

It looks like there is no way to do it within the API. Bummer. Your best bet is a dialog to inform the user they need to enable it in the settings, and perhaps launch a settings intent.

EDIT: The following is from the source, but it looks like they didn’t allow the user to implement the methods in the API (I’m confused about this).

I found this from the android source code to help enable and disable the adapter.

Relevant source:

public boolean onPreferenceChange(Preference preference,
        Object value) {
    // Turn NFC on/off

    final boolean desiredState = (Boolean) value;
    mCheckbox.setEnabled(false);

    // Start async update of the NFC adapter state, as the API is
    // unfortunately blocking...
    new Thread("toggleNFC") {
        public void run() {
            Log.d(TAG, "Setting NFC enabled state to: "
                    + desiredState);
            boolean success = false;
            if (desiredState) {
                success = mNfcAdapter.enable();
            } else {
                success = mNfcAdapter.disable();
            }
            if (success) {
                Log.d(TAG,
                        "Successfully changed NFC enabled state to "
                                + desiredState);
                mHandler.post(new Runnable() {
                    public void run() {
                        handleNfcStateChanged(desiredState);
                    }
                });
            } else {
                Log.w(TAG, "Error setting NFC enabled state to "
                        + desiredState);
                mHandler.post(new Runnable() {
                    public void run() {
                        mCheckbox.setEnabled(true);
                        mCheckbox
                                .setSummary(R.string.nfc_toggle_error);
                    }
                });
            }
        }
    }.start();
    return false;
}

Answer:

I got it working through reflection

This code works on API 15, haven’t checked it against other verions yet

public boolean changeNfcEnabled(Context context, boolean enabled) {
    // Turn NFC on/off
    final boolean desiredState = enabled;
    mNfcAdapter = NfcAdapter.getDefaultAdapter(context);

    if (mNfcAdapter == null) {
        // NFC is not supported
        return false;
    }

    new Thread("toggleNFC") {
        public void run() {
            Log.d(TAG, "Setting NFC enabled state to: " + desiredState);
            boolean success = false;
            Class<?> NfcManagerClass;
            Method setNfcEnabled, setNfcDisabled;
            boolean Nfc;
            if (desiredState) {
                try {
                    NfcManagerClass = Class.forName(mNfcAdapter.getClass().getName());
                    setNfcEnabled   = NfcManagerClass.getDeclaredMethod("enable");
                    setNfcEnabled.setAccessible(true);
                    Nfc             = (Boolean) setNfcEnabled.invoke(mNfcAdapter);
                    success         = Nfc;
                } catch (ClassNotFoundException e) {
                } catch (NoSuchMethodException e) {
                } catch (IllegalArgumentException e) {
                } catch (IllegalAccessException e) {
                } catch (InvocationTargetException e) {
                }
            } else {
                try {
                    NfcManagerClass = Class.forName(mNfcAdapter.getClass().getName());
                    setNfcDisabled  = NfcManagerClass.getDeclaredMethod("disable");
                    setNfcDisabled.setAccessible(true);
                    Nfc             = (Boolean) setNfcDisabled.invoke(mNfcAdapter);
                    success         = Nfc;
                } catch (ClassNotFoundException e) {
                } catch (NoSuchMethodException e) {
                } catch (IllegalArgumentException e) {
                } catch (IllegalAccessException e) {
                } catch (InvocationTargetException e) {
                }
            }
            if (success) {
                Log.d(TAG, "Successfully changed NFC enabled state to "+ desiredState);
            } else {
                Log.w(TAG, "Error setting NFC enabled state to "+ desiredState);
            }
        }
    }.start();
    return false;
}//end method

This requires 2 permissions though, put them in the manifest:

 <!-- change NFC status toggle -->
    <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.NFC" />
    <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.WRITE_SECURE_SETTINGS" />

The NFC button’s state switches accordingly when the code is used, so there are no issues when doing it manually in the seetings menu.

Answer:

If you can see the NfcService Application Source Code, there is a Interface file INfcAdapter.aidl. In the file two API’s are there namely “boolean enable()” and “boolean disable()”. You can directly use this API’s to enable and disable NfcService through an android application. But the trick over here is that you can not compile the code using SDK provided by the Android. You have to compile the application using the a makefile. I have successfully build a application.

Answer:

I hope this forum would be help you to resolve this issue as well to get the clear understanding on the NFC power on/off API barries.

http://ranjithdroid.blogspot.com/2015/11/turn-onoff-android-nfc-by.html