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android – How can location updates from FusedLocationProviderClient be processed with Work Manager?

Posted by: admin June 15, 2020 Leave a comment

Questions:

First of all, I’m a total Android noob. Have looked for solutions for some time now, but can’t find any helpful hints in the right direction so far. This might be generally caused by the nature of the issue itself, being quite niche.

The working code below is based on a code lab at https://codelabs.developers.google.com/codelabs/realtime-asset-tracking.

I was wondering though, since it was mentioned within several resources as the preferred way now, how you’d do something like that based on Android’s Work Manager instead of a Service with an ongoing notification?

public class TrackerService extends Service {

    @Override
    public void onCreate() {
        super.onCreate();
        requestLocationUpdates();
    }

    private void requestLocationUpdates() {
        LocationRequest request = new LocationRequest();
        request.setInterval(5 * 60 * 1000);
        request.setFastestInterval(30 * 1000);
        request.setPriority(LocationRequest.PRIORITY_HIGH_ACCURACY);
        FusedLocationProviderClient client = LocationServices.getFusedLocationProviderClient(this);
        int permission = ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION);
        if (permission == PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {
            client.requestLocationUpdates(request, new LocationCallback() {
                @Override
                public void onLocationResult(LocationResult locationResult) {
                    Location location = locationResult.getLastLocation();
                    if (location != null) {
                        Log.d(TAG, "location update " + location);
                    }
                }
            }, null);
        }
    }
}

With my experience from web projects the above code establishes a “listener” based on the FusedLocationProviderClient. As soon as there’s a new location update, it would call onLocationResult with the respective location result.

What I found out about the Work Manager so far is that you can set up a Worker with Work Manager to doWork() once or periodically. Effectively like a cron job…

What I don’t understand, if there’s no running service in the background where would the Worker and the request for location updates be initiated? And how would they work together?

How to&Answers:

Here I have create demo : LocationTracker-WorkManager

MyWorker.java

public class MyWorker extends Worker {

    private static final String TAG = "MyWorker";

    /**
     * The desired interval for location updates. Inexact. Updates may be more or less frequent.
     */
    private static final long UPDATE_INTERVAL_IN_MILLISECONDS = 10000;

    /**
     * The fastest rate for active location updates. Updates will never be more frequent
     * than this value.
     */
    private static final long FASTEST_UPDATE_INTERVAL_IN_MILLISECONDS =
            UPDATE_INTERVAL_IN_MILLISECONDS / 2;
    /**
     * The current location.
     */
    private Location mLocation;

    /**
     * Provides access to the Fused Location Provider API.
     */
    private FusedLocationProviderClient mFusedLocationClient;

    private Context mContext;
    /**
     * Callback for changes in location.
     */
    private LocationCallback mLocationCallback;

    public MyWorker(@NonNull Context context, @NonNull WorkerParameters workerParams) {
        super(context, workerParams);
        mContext = context;
    }

    @NonNull
    @Override
    public Result doWork() {
        Log.d(TAG, "doWork: Done");

                mFusedLocationClient = LocationServices.getFusedLocationProviderClient(mContext);
                mLocationCallback = new LocationCallback() {
                    @Override
                    public void onLocationResult(LocationResult locationResult) {
                        super.onLocationResult(locationResult);
                    }
                };

                LocationRequest mLocationRequest = new LocationRequest();
                mLocationRequest.setInterval(UPDATE_INTERVAL_IN_MILLISECONDS);
                mLocationRequest.setFastestInterval(FASTEST_UPDATE_INTERVAL_IN_MILLISECONDS);
                mLocationRequest.setPriority(LocationRequest.PRIORITY_HIGH_ACCURACY);

                try {
                    mFusedLocationClient
                            .getLastLocation()
                            .addOnCompleteListener(new OnCompleteListener<Location>() {
                                @Override
                                public void onComplete(@NonNull Task<Location> task) {
                                    if (task.isSuccessful() && task.getResult() != null) {
                                        mLocation = task.getResult();
                                        Log.d(TAG, "Location : " + mLocation);
                                        mFusedLocationClient.removeLocationUpdates(mLocationCallback);
                                    } else {
                                        Log.w(TAG, "Failed to get location.");
                                    }
                                }
                            });
                } catch (SecurityException unlikely) {
                    Log.e(TAG, "Lost location permission." + unlikely);
                }

                try {
                    mFusedLocationClient.requestLocationUpdates(mLocationRequest, null);
                } catch (SecurityException unlikely) {
                    //Utils.setRequestingLocationUpdates(this, false);
                    Log.e(TAG, "Lost location permission. Could not request updates. " + unlikely);
                }

        } catch (ParseException ignored) {

        }

        return Result.success();
    }
}

How to start worker:

PeriodicWorkRequest periodicWork = new PeriodicWorkRequest.Builder(MyWorker.class, 15, TimeUnit.MINUTES)
                            .addTag(TAG)
                            .build();
WorkManager.getInstance().enqueueUniquePeriodicWork("Location", ExistingPeriodicWorkPolicy.REPLACE, periodicWork);

Hope it will be helpful. Do let me know if you get any problem. Thanks.