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android – How do I layout nested RecyclerViews, while remaining performant?

Posted by: admin April 23, 2020 Leave a comment

Questions:

I am trying to achieve something similar to Google Play Music’s “Listen Now” layout. Every example I have found on the web is a single, simple RecyclerView. I am trying to achieve something much more complex. Something like

enter image description here

Can the whole layout (minus the toolbar) be a single RecyclerView, that contains two more RecyclerViews? Something like

Ultimately, what I want to achieve is a layout like the below, and stay performant.

<RecyclerView> //vertical
    <RecyclerView/> //vertical
    <RecyclerView/> //horizontal
    <LinearLayout/> //horizontal
</RecyclerView>
How to&Answers:

You can’t take recyclerview inside recyclerview tag.
Rather in your first adapter’s bindViewHolder call again recyclerview adapter like:-

InnerRecyclerviewAdapter adapter=new InnerRecyclerviewAdapter(context,urlistArray);
holder.recyclerView.setAdapter(adapter);
holder.recyclerView.setHasFixedSize(true);
LinearLayoutManager layoutManager = new LinearLayoutManager(context, LinearLayoutManager.HORIZONTAL, false);
recyclerView.setLayoutManager(layoutManager);

wrap_content will also work with latest recyclerview

for more info check out this link https://guides.codepath.com/android/Heterogenous-Layouts-inside-RecyclerView

Answer:

I have tried to solve the case where you have a horizontal RecyclerView within the vertical RecyclerView and this is my code.

SingleFragmentActivity

package com.example.uitestingmaterialdesign;

import android.os.Bundle;
import android.support.v4.app.Fragment;
import android.support.v4.app.FragmentManager;
import android.support.v7.app.AppCompatActivity;


public abstract class SingleFragmentActivity extends AppCompatActivity {

protected abstract Fragment createFragment();

@Override
protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
    super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
    setContentView(R.layout.single_fragment_activity);

    FragmentManager fm = getSupportFragmentManager();
    Fragment fragment = fm.findFragmentById(R.id.simple_fragment_container);

    if (fragment == null) {
        fragment = createFragment();
        fm.beginTransaction()
                .add(R.id.simple_fragment_container, fragment)
                .commit();
    }
}

}

MainActivity

package com.example.uitestingmaterialdesign;

import android.support.v4.app.Fragment;

public class MainActivity extends SingleFragmentActivity {

@Override
protected Fragment createFragment() {
    return new PrimaryRecyclerViewFragment();
}

}

PrimaryRecyclerView

package com.example.uitestingmaterialdesign;

import android.os.Bundle;
import android.support.annotation.Nullable;
import android.support.v4.app.Fragment;
import android.support.v7.widget.LinearLayoutManager;
import android.support.v7.widget.RecyclerView;
import android.view.LayoutInflater;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.ViewGroup;
import android.widget.TextView;


public class PrimaryRecyclerViewFragment extends Fragment {

private RecyclerView mPrimaryRecyclerView;
private String[] mMoviesGenre, mActionMovies;

@Override
public void onCreate(@Nullable Bundle savedInstanceState) {
    super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);

    mMoviesGenre = new String[]{
            "Action", "Adventure", "Comedy", "Crime", "Fantasy",
            "Historical", "Horror", "Magical", "Mystery", "Paranoid"
    };

    mActionMovies = new String[] {"Mission: Impossible – Rogue Nation", 
            "Mad Max: Fury Road", "Star Wars: The Force Awakens",
            "Avengers: Age of Ultron", "Ant- Man","Terminator Genisys",        "Furious 7",              "Blackhat", "The Man from U.N.C.L.E",
            "Jurassic World"
    };

}

@Nullable
@Override
public View onCreateView(LayoutInflater inflater, ViewGroup container, Bundle savedInstanceState) {
    View view = inflater.inflate(R.layout.primary_recycler_view, container, false);

    // Creating the primary recycler view adapter
    PrimaryAdapter adapter = new PrimaryAdapter(mMoviesGenre);

    LinearLayoutManager layoutManager = new LinearLayoutManager(
            getActivity(),
            LinearLayoutManager.VERTICAL,
            false
    );

    mPrimaryRecyclerView = (RecyclerView) view.findViewById(R.id.primary_recycler_view);
    mPrimaryRecyclerView.setLayoutManager(layoutManager);
    mPrimaryRecyclerView.setAdapter(adapter);

    return view;
}

private class PrimaryViewHolder extends RecyclerView.ViewHolder {
    private TextView mPrimaryMovieGenre;
    private RecyclerView mSecondaryRecyclerView;

    public PrimaryViewHolder(View itemView) {
        super(itemView);
        mPrimaryMovieGenre = (TextView) itemView.findViewById(R.id.primary_movie_genre);
        mSecondaryRecyclerView = (RecyclerView) itemView.findViewById(R.id.secondary_recycler_view);
    }

    // This get called in PrimaryAdapter onBindViewHolder method
    public void bindViews(String genre, int position) {
        mPrimaryMovieGenre.setText(genre);

        LinearLayoutManager linearLayoutManager = new LinearLayoutManager(
                getActivity(),
                LinearLayoutManager.HORIZONTAL,
                false
        );

        mSecondaryRecyclerView.setLayoutManager(linearLayoutManager);
        mSecondaryRecyclerView.setAdapter(getSecondaryAdapter(position));
    }
}

private class PrimaryAdapter extends RecyclerView.Adapter<PrimaryViewHolder> {
    private String[] mMovieGenre;

    public PrimaryAdapter(String[] moviesGenre) {
        mMovieGenre = moviesGenre;
    }

    @Override
    public PrimaryViewHolder onCreateViewHolder(ViewGroup parent, int viewType) {
        LayoutInflater inflater = LayoutInflater.from(getActivity());
        View view = inflater.inflate(R.layout.primary_recycler_view_item, parent, false);
        return new PrimaryViewHolder(view);
    }

    @Override
    public void onBindViewHolder(PrimaryViewHolder holder, int position) {
        String genre = mMovieGenre[position];
        holder.bindViews(genre, position);
    }

    @Override
    public int getItemCount() {
        return mMovieGenre.length;
    }
}

private class SecondaryViewHolder extends RecyclerView.ViewHolder {

    private TextView mTextView;

    public SecondaryViewHolder(View view) {
        super(view);
        mTextView = (TextView) itemView.findViewById(R.id.secondary_text_view);
    }

    public void bindView(String name) {
        mTextView.setText(name);
    }
}

private class SecondaryAdapter extends RecyclerView.Adapter<SecondaryViewHolder> {
    private String[] mMovies;

    public SecondaryAdapter(String[] movies) {
        mMovies = movies;
    }

    @Override
    public SecondaryViewHolder onCreateViewHolder(ViewGroup parent, int viewType) {
        LayoutInflater inflater = LayoutInflater.from(getActivity());
        View view = inflater.inflate(R.layout.secondary_recycler_view_item, parent, false);
        return new SecondaryViewHolder(view);
    }

    @Override
    public void onBindViewHolder(SecondaryViewHolder holder, int position) {
        String name = mMovies[position];
        holder.bindView(name);
    }

    @Override
    public int getItemCount() {
        return mMovies.length;
    }
}

private SecondaryAdapter getSecondaryAdapter(int position) {

    SecondaryAdapter adapter;
    switch (position) {
        case 0:
            return new SecondaryAdapter(mActionMovies);
        case 1:
            return null;
        case 2:
            return null;
        case 3:
            return null;
        case 4:
            return null;
        case 5:
            return null;
        case 6:
            return null;
        case 7:
            return null;
        case 8:
            return null;
        case 9:
            return null;
        default:
            return null;
    }
}
}

Primary_recycler_view.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<android.support.v7.widget.RecyclerView
xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
android:id="@+id/primary_recycler_view"
android:layout_width="match_parent"
android:layout_height="match_parent"/>

primary_recycler_view_item.xml (with a horizontal recycler view)

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout
xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
android:orientation="vertical"
android:layout_width="match_parent"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:padding="8dp">

<android.support.v7.widget.CardView
    xmlns:card_view="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    card_view:cardCornerRadius="4dp"
    card_view:cardElevation="2dp">

    <LinearLayout
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:orientation="vertical"
        android:padding="8dp"
        android:layout_gravity="bottom">

        <TextView
            android:id="@+id/primary_movie_genre"
            android:layout_width="match_parent"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:textSize="20sp"
            android:paddingTop="16dp"
            android:paddingBottom="16dp"/>

        <android.support.v7.widget.RecyclerView
            android:id="@+id/secondary_recycler_view"
            android:layout_gravity="center_horizontal"
            android:layout_width="360dp"
            android:layout_height="180dp"/>
    </LinearLayout>

</android.support.v7.widget.CardView>

</LinearLayout>

secondary_recycler_view_item.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout
xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
android:orientation="vertical"
android:layout_width="wrap_content"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:padding="8dp"
android:gravity="center">

<TextView
    android:id="@+id/secondary_text_view"
    android:layout_width="120dp"
    android:layout_height="160dp"
    android:gravity="center|bottom"
    android:background="#BDBDBD"/>
</LinearLayout>

single_fragment_activity

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<FrameLayout
xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
android:id="@+id/simple_fragment_container"
android:layout_width="match_parent"
android:layout_height="match_parent"/>

If you have any question or you have found a better way of doing it, please let know and I hope this helps.