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android – How does one Animate Layout properties of ViewGroups?

Posted by: admin June 15, 2020 Leave a comment

Questions:

I have the following layout:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
              android:layout_height="match_parent"
              android:layout_width="match_parent">

    <FrameLayout android:id="@+id/viewgroup_left"
                 android:layout_height="match_parent"
                 android:layout_weight="2"
                 android:layout_width="0dp">

        ... children ... 

    </FrameLayout>

    <LinearLayout android:id="@+id/viewgroup_right"
                  android:layout_height="match_parent"
                  android:layout_weight="1"
                  android:layout_width="0dp"
                  android:orientation="vertical">

        ... children ...

    </LinearLayout>

</LinearLayout>

I end up with something like this:

  +------------------------+------------+
  |                        |            |
  |                        |            |
  |         Left           |   Right    |
  |                        |            |
  |                        |            |
  +------------------------+------------+

When a certain toggle is toggled, I want to animate Left so that its width expands to fill the entire screen. At the same time, I would like to animate the width of Right so that it shrinks to zero. Later, when the toggle is toggled again, I need to restore things to the above state.

I’ve tried writing my own Animation that calls View.getWidth() but when I animate back to that value (by setting View.getLayoutParams().width) it is wider than when it began. I suspect I’m just doing it wrong. I have also read all the documentation on the Honeycomb animation stuff, but I don’t want to translate or scale… I want to animate the layout width property. I can’t find an example of this.

What is the correct way to do this?

How to&Answers:

Since noone helped you yet and my first answer was such a mess I’ll try to give you the right answer this time 😉

Actually I like the idea and I think this is a great visual effect which might be useful for a bunch of people. I would implement an overflow of the right view (I think the shrink looks strange since the text is expanding to the bottom).

But anyway, here’s the code which works perfectly fine (you can even toggle while it’s animating).

Quick explanation:
You call toggle with a boolean for your direction and this will start a handler animation call loop. This will increase or decrease the weights of both views based on the direction and the past time (for a smooth calculation and animation). The animation call loop will invoke itself as long it hasn’t reached the start or end position.

The layout:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout
    xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:orientation="horizontal"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:weightSum="10"
    android:id="@+id/slide_layout">
    <TextView
        android:layout_weight="7"
        android:padding="10dip"
        android:id="@+id/left"
        android:layout_width="0dip"
        android:layout_height="fill_parent"></TextView>
    <TextView
        android:layout_weight="3"
        android:padding="10dip"
        android:id="@+id/right"
        android:layout_width="0dip"
        android:layout_height="fill_parent"></TextView>
</LinearLayout>

The activity:

public class TestActivity extends Activity {

    private static final int ANIMATION_DURATION = 1000;

    private View mSlidingLayout;
    private View mLeftView;
    private View mRightView;

    private boolean mAnimating = false;
    private boolean mLeftExpand = true;
    private float mLeftStartWeight;
    private float mLayoutWeightSum;
    private Handler mAnimationHandler = new Handler();
    private long mAnimationTime;

    private Runnable mAnimationStep = new Runnable() {
        @Override
        public void run() {
            long currentTime = System.currentTimeMillis();
            float animationStep = (currentTime - mAnimationTime) * 1f / ANIMATION_DURATION;
            float weightOffset = animationStep * (mLayoutWeightSum - mLeftStartWeight);

            LinearLayout.LayoutParams leftParams = (LinearLayout.LayoutParams)
                    mLeftView.getLayoutParams();
            LinearLayout.LayoutParams rightParams = (LinearLayout.LayoutParams)
                    mRightView.getLayoutParams();

            leftParams.weight += mLeftExpand ? weightOffset : -weightOffset;
            rightParams.weight += mLeftExpand ? -weightOffset : weightOffset;

            if (leftParams.weight >= mLayoutWeightSum) {
                mAnimating = false;
                leftParams.weight = mLayoutWeightSum;
                rightParams.weight = 0;
            } else if (leftParams.weight <= mLeftStartWeight) {
                mAnimating = false;
                leftParams.weight = mLeftStartWeight;
                rightParams.weight = mLayoutWeightSum - mLeftStartWeight;
            }

            mSlidingLayout.requestLayout();

            mAnimationTime = currentTime;

            if (mAnimating) {
                mAnimationHandler.postDelayed(mAnimationStep, 30);
            }
        }
    };

    private void toggleExpand(boolean expand) {
        mLeftExpand = expand;

        if (!mAnimating) {
            mAnimating = true;
            mAnimationTime = System.currentTimeMillis();
            mAnimationHandler.postDelayed(mAnimationStep, 30);
        }
    }

    @Override
    public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.slide_test);

        mLeftView = findViewById(R.id.left);
        mRightView = findViewById(R.id.right);
        mSlidingLayout = findViewById(R.id.slide_layout);

        mLeftStartWeight = ((LinearLayout.LayoutParams)
                mLeftView.getLayoutParams()).weight;
        mLayoutWeightSum = ((LinearLayout) mSlidingLayout).getWeightSum();
    }
}

Answer:

Just adding my 2 cents here to Knickedi’s excellent answer – just in case someone needs it:

If you animate using weights you will end up with issues with clipping/non-clipping on contained views and viewgroups. This is especially true if you use viewgroups with weight as fragment containers. To overcome it, you might as well need to animate margins of the problematic child views and viewgroups / fragment containers.

And, to do all these things together, its always better to go for ObjectAnimator and AnimatorSet (if you can use them), along with some utility classes like MarginProxy

Answer:

A different way to the solution posted by @knickedi is to use ObjectAnimator instead of Runnable. The idea is to use ObjectAnimator to adjust the weight of both left and right views. The views, however, need to be customised so that the weight can be exposed as a property for the ObjectAnimator to animate.

So first, define a customised view (using a LinearLayout as an example):

public class CustomLinearLayout extends LinearLayout {
    public CustomLinearLayout(Context context) {
        super(context);
    }

    public CustomLinearLayout(Context context, AttributeSet attrs) {
        super(context, attrs);
    }

    public CustomLinearLayout(Context context, AttributeSet attrs, int defStyleAttr) {
        super(context, attrs, defStyleAttr);
    }

    public void setMyWeight(float value) {
        LinearLayout.LayoutParams p = (LinearLayout.LayoutParams)getLayoutParams();
        p.weight = value;
        requestLayout();
    }
}

Then, update the layout XML to use this custom linear layout.

Then, when you need to toggle the animation, use ObjectAnimator:

ObjectAnimator rightView = ObjectAnimator.ofFloat(viewgroup_right, "MyWeight", 0.5f, 1.0f);
ObjectAnimator leftView = ObjectAnimator.ofFloat(viewgroup_left, "MyWeight", 0.5f, 0.0f);
AnimatorSet animatorSet = new AnimatorSet();
animatorSet.setDuration(1000); // 1 second of animation
animatorSet.playTogether(rightView, leftView);
animatorSet.start();

The above code assumes both views are linear layout and are half in weight to start with. The animation will expand the right view to full weight (so the left one is hidden). Note that ObjectAnimator is animated using the “MyWeight” property of the customised linear layout. The AnimatorSet is used to tie both left and right ObjectAnimators together, so the animation looks smooth.

This approach reduces the need to write runnable code and the weight calculation inside it, but it needs a customised class to be defined.