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android – how to catch Drop action of ItemTouchHelper which is used with RecyclerView

Posted by: admin April 23, 2020 Leave a comment

Questions:

I have a problem with ItemTouchHelper of RecyclerView.

I am making a game. The game board is actually a RecyclerView. RecyclerView has GridLayoutManager with some span count. I want to implement drag & drop recyclerview’s items. Any item can dragging over all directions (up, down, left, right).

private void initializeLayout() {
    recyclerView.setHasFixedSize(true);
    recyclerView.setLayoutFrozen(true);
    recyclerView.setNestedScrollingEnabled(false);

    // set layout manager
    GridLayoutManager layoutManager = new GridLayoutManager(getContext(), BOARD_SIZE,
        LinearLayoutManager.VERTICAL, true);
    recyclerView.setLayoutManager(layoutManager);

    // Extend the Callback class
    ItemTouchHelper.Callback itemTouchCallback = new ItemTouchHelper.Callback() {

    public boolean onMove(RecyclerView recyclerView, RecyclerView.ViewHolder viewHolder, RecyclerView.ViewHolder target) {
        Log.w(TAG, "onMove");
        return false;
    }

    @Override
    public void onSwiped(RecyclerView.ViewHolder viewHolder, int direction) {
        // Application does not include swipe feature.
    }

    @Override
    public void onMoved(RecyclerView recyclerView, RecyclerView.ViewHolder viewHolder,
                        int fromPos, RecyclerView.ViewHolder target, int toPos, int x, int y) {
        Log.d(TAG, "onMoved");
        // this is calling every time, but I need only when user dropped item, not after every onMove function.
    }

    @Override
    public boolean isItemViewSwipeEnabled() {
        return false;
    }

    @Override
    public boolean isLongPressDragEnabled() {
        return true;
    }

    @Override
    public int getMovementFlags(RecyclerView recyclerView, RecyclerView.ViewHolder viewHolder) {
        int dragFlags = ItemTouchHelper.UP | ItemTouchHelper.DOWN | ItemTouchHelper.START | ItemTouchHelper.END;
        int swipeFlags = 0;
        return makeMovementFlags(dragFlags, swipeFlags);
    }
    };

    ItemTouchHelper touchHelper = new ItemTouchHelper(itemTouchCallback);
    touchHelper.attachToRecyclerView(recyclerView);
}

SO, why ItemTouchHelper’s onMoved function works when I still dragging item on the RecyclerView ? How can I achieve this ?

How to&Answers:

While dragging and dropping an item, the onMove() can be called more than once, but the clearView() will be called once. So you can use this to indicate the drag was over(drop was happened).
And use two variables dragFrom and dragTo to trace the really position in a completed “drag & drop”.

private ItemTouchHelper.Callback dragCallback = new ItemTouchHelper.Callback() {

    int dragFrom = -1;
    int dragTo = -1;

    @Override
    public int getMovementFlags(RecyclerView recyclerView, RecyclerView.ViewHolder viewHolder) {
        return makeMovementFlags(ItemTouchHelper.UP|ItemTouchHelper.DOWN|ItemTouchHelper.LEFT|ItemTouchHelper.RIGHT,
                0);
    }

    @Override
    public boolean onMove(RecyclerView recyclerView, RecyclerView.ViewHolder viewHolder, RecyclerView.ViewHolder target) {

        int fromPosition = viewHolder.getAdapterPosition();
        int toPosition = target.getAdapterPosition();


        if(dragFrom == -1) {
            dragFrom =  fromPosition;
        }
        dragTo = toPosition;

        adapter.onItemMove(fromPosition, toPosition);

        return true;
    }

    private void reallyMoved(int from, int to) {
        // I guessed this was what you want...
    }

    @Override
    public void onSwiped(RecyclerView.ViewHolder viewHolder, int direction) {

    }

    @Override
    public boolean isLongPressDragEnabled() {
        return true;
    }

    @Override
    public boolean isItemViewSwipeEnabled() {
        return false;
    }

    @Override
    public void clearView(RecyclerView recyclerView, RecyclerView.ViewHolder viewHolder) {
        super.clearView(recyclerView, viewHolder);

        if(dragFrom != -1 && dragTo != -1 && dragFrom != dragTo) {
            reallyMoved(dragFrom, dragTo);
        }

        dragFrom = dragTo = -1;
    }

};

adapter.onItemMove(fromPosition, toPosition) was like below:

list.add(toPosition, list.remove(fromPosition));
notifyItemMoved(fromPosition, toPosition);

Answer:

The onSelectedChanged(RecyclerView.ViewHolder, int) callback provides information about the current actionState:
ACTION_STATE_IDLE:
ACTION_STATE_DRAG
ACTION_STATE_SWIPE

So you could keep track whether the order changed, and when the state changes to ACTION_STATE_IDLE, you can do what you need to do!

Example:

private final class MyCallback extends ItemTouchHelper.Callback {
    private boolean mOrderChanged;

    @Override
    public boolean onMove(RecyclerView recyclerView, RecyclerView.ViewHolder viewHolder, RecyclerView.ViewHolder target) {
        // Check if positions of viewHolders correspond to underlying model, and if not, flip the items in the model and set the mOrderChanged flag
        mOrderChanged = true;
    }

    @Override
    public void onSelectedChanged(RecyclerView.ViewHolder viewHolder, int actionState) {
    super.onSelectedChanged(viewHolder, actionState);

    if (actionState == ItemTouchHelper.ACTION_STATE_IDLE && mOrderChanged) {
        doSomething();
        mOrderChanged = false;
    }
}

Answer:

I did some tests and onSelectedChanged(RecyclerView.ViewHolder?, Int) seemed most reliable for me to detect end of the gesture (drop). The method is called whenever an item is being dragged and passed action state of ACTION_STATE_DRAG. When the drag is over, it is called with action state of ACTION_STATE_IDLE.

See my solution below. The onItemDrag(Int, Int) callback is used for reordering items in an adapter as the item is being dragged. On the other hand the onItemDragged(Int, Int) callback is intended for updating positions in a database at the end of the gesture.

class ItemGestureHelper(private val listener: OnItemGestureListener) : ItemTouchHelper.Callback() {

    interface OnItemGestureListener {

        fun onItemDrag(fromPosition: Int, toPosition: Int): Boolean

        fun onItemDragged(fromPosition: Int, toPosition: Int)

        fun onItemSwiped(position: Int)
    }

    private var dragFromPosition = -1
    private var dragToPosition = -1

    // Other methods omitted...

    override fun onMove(recyclerView: RecyclerView, viewHolder: RecyclerView.ViewHolder, target: RecyclerView.ViewHolder): Boolean {
        // Item is being dragged, keep the current target position
        dragToPosition = target.adapterPosition
        return listener.onItemDrag(viewHolder.adapterPosition, target.adapterPosition)
    }

    override fun onSwiped(viewHolder: RecyclerView.ViewHolder, direction: Int) {
        listener.onItemSwiped(viewHolder.adapterPosition)
    }

    override fun onSelectedChanged(viewHolder: RecyclerView.ViewHolder?, actionState: Int) {
        super.onSelectedChanged(viewHolder, actionState)

        when (actionState) {
            ItemTouchHelper.ACTION_STATE_DRAG -> {
                viewHolder?.also { dragFromPosition = it.adapterPosition }
            }
            ItemTouchHelper.ACTION_STATE_IDLE -> {
                if (dragFromPosition != -1 && dragToPosition != -1 && dragFromPosition != dragToPosition) {
                    // Item successfully dragged
                    listener.onItemDragged(dragFromPosition, dragToPosition)
                    // Reset drag positions
                    dragFromPosition = -1
                    dragToPosition = -1
                }
            }
        }
    }

}

Answer:

You must implement OnMove listener in you adapter:

Collections.swap(youCoolList, fromPosition, toPosition);
notifyItemMoved(fromPosition, toPosition);

like this man doing
https://medium.com/@ipaulpro/drag-and-swipe-with-recyclerview-b9456d2b1aaf#.blviq6jxp

special grid example
https://medium.com/@ipaulpro/drag-and-swipe-with-recyclerview-6a6f0c422efd#.xb74uu7ke