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android – How to change shape color dynamically?

Posted by: admin March 11, 2020 Leave a comment

Questions:

I have

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<shape xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
   android:shape="rectangle">
    <solid
       android:color="#FFFF00" />
    <padding android:left="7dp"
        android:top="7dp"
        android:right="7dp"
        android:bottom="7dp" />
</shape>

<TextView
    android:background="@drawable/test"
    android:layout_height="45dp"
    android:layout_width="100dp"
    android:text="Moderate"
/>

So now I want this shape to change colors based on information I get back from a web service call. So it could be maybe yellow or green or red or whatever depending on the color I receive from the web serivce call.

How can I change the color of the shape? Based on this information?

How to&Answers:

You could modify it simply like this

GradientDrawable bgShape = (GradientDrawable)btn.getBackground();
bgShape.setColor(Color.BLACK);

Answer:

For me, it crashed because getBackground returned a GradientDrawable instead of a ShapeDrawable.

So i modified it like this:

((GradientDrawable)someView.getBackground()).setColor(someColor);

Answer:

This works for me, with an initial xml resource:

example.setBackgroundResource(R.drawable.myshape);
GradientDrawable gd = (GradientDrawable) example.getBackground().getCurrent();
gd.setColor(Color.parseColor("#000000"));
gd.setCornerRadii(new float[]{30, 30, 30, 30, 0, 0, 30, 30});
gd.setStroke(2, Color.parseColor("#00FFFF"), 5, 6);

Result of the above: http://i.stack.imgur.com/hKUR7.png

Answer:

You can build your own shapes in Java.
I did this for an iPhone like Page Controler and paint the shapes in Java:

/**
 * Builds the active and inactive shapes / drawables for the page control
 */
private void makeShapes() {

    activeDrawable = new ShapeDrawable();
    inactiveDrawable = new ShapeDrawable();
    activeDrawable.setBounds(0, 0, (int) mIndicatorSize,
            (int) mIndicatorSize);
    inactiveDrawable.setBounds(0, 0, (int) mIndicatorSize,
            (int) mIndicatorSize);

    int i[] = new int[2];
    i[0] = android.R.attr.textColorSecondary;
    i[1] = android.R.attr.textColorSecondaryInverse;
    TypedArray a = this.getTheme().obtainStyledAttributes(i);

    Shape s1 = new OvalShape();
    s1.resize(mIndicatorSize, mIndicatorSize);
    Shape s2 = new OvalShape();
    s2.resize(mIndicatorSize, mIndicatorSize);

    ((ShapeDrawable) activeDrawable).getPaint().setColor(
            a.getColor(0, Color.DKGRAY));
    ((ShapeDrawable) inactiveDrawable).getPaint().setColor(
            a.getColor(1, Color.LTGRAY));

    ((ShapeDrawable) activeDrawable).setShape(s1);
    ((ShapeDrawable) inactiveDrawable).setShape(s2);
}

hope this helps.
Greez Fabian

Answer:

Maybe someone else need to change color in the XML without create multiple drawables like I needed. Then make a circle drawable without color and then specify backgroundTint for the ImageView.

circle.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<shape
    xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:shape="oval">
</shape>

And in your layout:

<ImageView
    android:layout_width="50dp"
    android:layout_height="50dp"
    android:background="@drawable/circle"
    android:backgroundTint="@color/red"/>

Edit:

There is a bug regarding this method that prevents it from working on Android Lollipop 5.0 (API level 21). But have been fixed in newer versions.

Answer:

    LayerDrawable bgDrawable = (LayerDrawable) button.getBackground();
    final GradientDrawable shape = (GradientDrawable)
            bgDrawable.findDrawableByLayerId(R.id.round_button_shape);
    shape.setColor(Color.BLACK);

Answer:

circle.xml (drawable)

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<shape
xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
android:shape="rectangle">

<solid
    android:color="#000"/>

<size
    android:width="10dp"
    android:height="10dp"/>
</shape>

layout

<ImageView
      android:id="@+id/circleColor"
      android:layout_width="15dp"
       android:layout_height="15dp"
      android:textSize="12dp"
       android:layout_gravity="center"
       android:layout_marginLeft="10dp"
      android:background="@drawable/circle"/>

in activity

   circleColor = (ImageView) view.findViewById(R.id.circleColor);
   int color = Color.parseColor("#00FFFF");
   ((GradientDrawable)circleColor.getBackground()).setColor(color);

Answer:

This solution worked for me using the android sdk v19:

//get the image button by id
ImageButton myImg = (ImageButton) findViewById(R.id.some_id);

//get drawable from image button
GradientDrawable drawable = (GradientDrawable) myImg.getDrawable();

//set color as integer
//can use Color.parseColor(color) if color is a string
drawable.setColor(color)

Answer:

If you have an imageView like this:

   <ImageView
    android:id="@+id/color_button"
    android:layout_width="wrap_content"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    android:layout_marginRight="10dp"
    android:src="@drawable/circle_color"/>

which give it a drawable shape as src, you can use this code to change shape’s color:

ImageView iv = (ImageView)findViewById(R.id.color_button);
GradientDrawable bgShape = (GradientDrawable)iv.getDrawable();
bgShape.setColor(Color.BLACK);

Answer:

My shape xml :

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<shape xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android">
<solid  android:color="@android:color/transparent" />
<stroke android:width="0.5dp" android:color="@android:color/holo_green_dark"/>
</shape>

My activity xml :

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<android.support.design.widget.CoordinatorLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
xmlns:app="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto"
xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
android:layout_width="match_parent"
android:layout_height="match_parent"
android:fitsSystemWindows="true"
tools:context="cn.easydone.test.MainActivity">

<android.support.design.widget.AppBarLayout
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    android:theme="@style/AppTheme.AppBarOverlay">

    <android.support.v7.widget.Toolbar
        android:id="@+id/toolbar"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="?attr/actionBarSize"
        android:background="?attr/colorPrimary"
        app:popupTheme="@style/AppTheme.PopupOverlay" />
    <TextView
        android:id="@+id/test_text"
        android:background="@drawable/bg_stroke_dynamic_color"
        android:padding="20dp"
        android:text="asdasdasdasd"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"/>

</android.support.design.widget.AppBarLayout>

<android.support.v7.widget.RecyclerView
    android:id="@+id/recycler_view"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:padding="10dp"
    android:clipToPadding="false"
    app:layout_behavior="@string/appbar_scrolling_view_behavior" />

My activity java :

 TextView testText = (TextView) findViewById(R.id.test_text);
 ((GradientDrawable)testText.getBackground()).setStroke(10,Color.BLACK);

Result picture :
result

Answer:

I try Ronnie’s answer, and my app crashed. Then I check my drawable xml. It looks like this:

<selector >...</selector>

. I changed it to this:(also changed attributes)

<shape> ... </shape>

It works.

For those who encounter the same problem.

Answer:

The simplest way to fill the shape with the Radius is:

XML:

<TextView
    android:id="@+id/textView"
    android:background="@drawable/test"
    android:layout_height="45dp"
    android:layout_width="100dp"
    android:text="Moderate"/>

Java:

(textView.getBackground()).setColorFilter(Color.parseColor("#FFDE03"), PorterDuff.Mode.SRC_IN);

Answer:

drawable_rectangle.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<shape xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:shape="rectangle">

    <solid android:color="@android:color/transparent" />

    <stroke
        android:width="1dp"
        android:color="#9f9f9f" />

    <corners
        android:bottomLeftRadius="5dp"
        android:bottomRightRadius="5dp"
        android:topLeftRadius="5dp"
        android:topRightRadius="5dp" />

</shape>

TextView

<androidx.appcompat.widget.AppCompatTextView
    android:id="@+id/textView"
    android:layout_width="wrap_content"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    android:background="@drawable/drawable_rectangle"
    android:gravity="center"
    android:padding="10dp"
    android:text="Status"
    android:textColor="@android:color/white"
    android:textSize="20sp" />


public static void changeRectangleColor(View view, int color) {
    ((GradientDrawable) view.getBackground()).setStroke(1, color);
}    

changeRectangleColor(textView, ContextCompat.getColor(context, R.color.colorAccent));