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android – How to delete a file from SD card?

Posted by: admin March 11, 2020 Leave a comment

Questions:

I am creating a file to send as an attachment to an email. Now I want to delete the image after sending the email. Is there a way to delete the file?

I have tried myFile.delete(); but it didn’t delete the file.


I’m using this code for Android, so the programming language is Java using the usual Android ways to access the SD card. I am deleting the file in the onActivityResult method, when an Intent is returned to the screen after sending an email.

How to&Answers:
File file = new File(selectedFilePath);
boolean deleted = file.delete();

where selectedFilePath is the path of the file you want to delete – for example:

/sdcard/YourCustomDirectory/ExampleFile.mp3

Answer:

Also you have to give permission if you are using >1.6 SDK

uses-permission android:name="android.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE"

in AndroidManifest.xml file

Answer:

Change for Android 4.4+

Apps are not allowed to write (delete, modify …) to external storage except to their package-specific directories.

As Android documentation states:

“Apps must not be allowed to write to secondary external storage
devices, except in their package-specific directories as allowed by
synthesized permissions.”

However nasty workaround exists (see code below). Tested on Samsung Galaxy S4, but this fix does’t work on all devices. Also I wouldn’t count on this workaround being available in future versions of Android.

There is a great article explaining (4.4+) external storage permissions change.

You can read more about workaround here.
Workaround source code is from this site.

public class MediaFileFunctions 
{
    @TargetApi(Build.VERSION_CODES.HONEYCOMB)
    public static boolean deleteViaContentProvider(Context context, String fullname) 
    { 
      Uri uri=getFileUri(context,fullname); 

      if (uri==null) 
      {
         return false;
      }

      try 
      { 
         ContentResolver resolver=context.getContentResolver(); 

         // change type to image, otherwise nothing will be deleted 
         ContentValues contentValues = new ContentValues(); 
         int media_type = 1; 
         contentValues.put("media_type", media_type); 
         resolver.update(uri, contentValues, null, null); 

         return resolver.delete(uri, null, null) > 0; 
      } 
      catch (Throwable e) 
      { 
         return false; 
      } 
   }

   @TargetApi(Build.VERSION_CODES.HONEYCOMB)
   private static Uri getFileUri(Context context, String fullname) 
   {
      // Note: check outside this class whether the OS version is >= 11 
      Uri uri = null; 
      Cursor cursor = null; 
      ContentResolver contentResolver = null;

      try
      { 
         contentResolver=context.getContentResolver(); 
         if (contentResolver == null)
            return null;

         uri=MediaStore.Files.getContentUri("external"); 
         String[] projection = new String[2]; 
         projection[0] = "_id"; 
         projection[1] = "_data"; 
         String selection = "_data = ? ";    // this avoids SQL injection 
         String[] selectionParams = new String[1]; 
         selectionParams[0] = fullname; 
         String sortOrder = "_id"; 
         cursor=contentResolver.query(uri, projection, selection, selectionParams, sortOrder); 

         if (cursor!=null) 
         { 
            try 
            { 
               if (cursor.getCount() > 0) // file present! 
               {   
                  cursor.moveToFirst(); 
                  int dataColumn=cursor.getColumnIndex("_data"); 
                  String s = cursor.getString(dataColumn); 
                  if (!s.equals(fullname)) 
                     return null; 
                  int idColumn = cursor.getColumnIndex("_id"); 
                  long id = cursor.getLong(idColumn); 
                  uri= MediaStore.Files.getContentUri("external",id); 
               } 
               else // file isn't in the media database! 
               {   
                  ContentValues contentValues=new ContentValues(); 
                  contentValues.put("_data",fullname); 
                  uri = MediaStore.Files.getContentUri("external"); 
                  uri = contentResolver.insert(uri,contentValues); 
               } 
            } 
            catch (Throwable e) 
            { 
               uri = null; 
            }
            finally
            {
                cursor.close();
            }
         } 
      } 
      catch (Throwable e) 
      { 
         uri=null; 
      } 
      return uri; 
   } 
}

Answer:

Android Context has the following method:

public abstract boolean deleteFile (String name)

I believe this will do what you want with the right App premissions as listed above.

Answer:

Recursively delete all children of the file …

public static void DeleteRecursive(File fileOrDirectory) {
    if (fileOrDirectory.isDirectory()) {
        for (File child : fileOrDirectory.listFiles()) {
            DeleteRecursive(child);
        }
    }

    fileOrDirectory.delete();
}

Answer:

This works for me: (Delete image from Gallery)

File file = new File(photoPath);
file.delete();

context.sendBroadcast(new Intent(Intent.ACTION_MEDIA_SCANNER_SCAN_FILE, Uri.fromFile(new File(photoPath))));

Answer:

 public static boolean deleteDirectory(File path) {
    // TODO Auto-generated method stub
    if( path.exists() ) {
        File[] files = path.listFiles();
        for(int i=0; i<files.length; i++) {
            if(files[i].isDirectory()) {
                deleteDirectory(files[i]);
            }
            else {
                files[i].delete();
            }
        }
    }
    return(path.delete());
 }

This Code will Help you.. And In Android Manifest You have to get Permission to make modification..

 <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE"/>

Answer:

Try this.

File file = new File(FilePath);
FileUtils.deleteDirectory(file);

from Apache Commons

Answer:

Sorry: There is a mistake in my code before because of the site validation.

String myFile = "/Name Folder/File.jpg";  

String myPath = Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory()+myFile;  

File f = new File(myPath);
Boolean deleted = f.delete();

I think is clear…
First you must to know your file location.
Second,,, Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory() is a method who gets your app directory.
Lastly the class File who handle your file…

Answer:

I had a similar issue with an application running on 4.4. What I did was sort of a hack.

I renamed the files and ignored them in my application.

ie.

File sdcard = Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory();
                File from = new File(sdcard,"/ecatAgent/"+fileV);
                File to = new File(sdcard,"/ecatAgent/"+"Delete");
                from.renameTo(to);

Answer:

This worked for me.

String myFile = "/Name Folder/File.jpg";  

String my_Path = Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory()+myFile;  

File f = new File(my_Path);
Boolean deleted = f.delete();

Answer:

private boolean deleteFromExternalStorage(File file) {
                        String fileName = "/Music/";
                        String myPath= Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory().getAbsolutePath() + fileName;

                        file = new File(myPath);
                        System.out.println("fullPath - " + myPath);
                            if (file.exists() && file.canRead()) {
                                System.out.println(" Test - ");
                                file.delete();
                                return false; // File exists
                            }
                            System.out.println(" Test2 - ");
                            return true; // File not exists
                    }

Answer:

You can delete a file as follow:

File file = new File("your sdcard path is here which you want to delete");
file.delete();
if (file.exists()){
  file.getCanonicalFile().delete();
  if (file.exists()){
    deleteFile(file.getName());
  }
}

Answer:

File filedel = new File("/storage/sdcard0/Baahubali.mp3");
boolean deleted1 = filedel.delete();

Or, Try This:

String del="/storage/sdcard0/Baahubali.mp3";
File filedel2 = new File(del);
boolean deleted1 = filedel2.delete();