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android – How to implement OnFragmentInteractionListener

Posted by: admin March 10, 2020 Leave a comment

Questions:

I have a wizard generated app with navigation drawer in android studio 0.8.2

I have created a fragment and added it with newInstance() and I get this error:

com.domain.myapp E/AndroidRuntime﹕ FATAL EXCEPTION: main
java.lang.ClassCastException: [email protected] must implement
OnFragmentInteractionListener

I can’t find anywhere how to implement this OnFragmentInteractionListener ??
It cannot be found even in android sdk documentation!

MainActivity.java

import android.app.Activity;

import android.app.ActionBar;
import android.app.Fragment;
import android.app.FragmentManager;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.view.LayoutInflater;
import android.view.Menu;
import android.view.MenuItem;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.ViewGroup;
import android.support.v4.widget.DrawerLayout;


public class MainActivity extends Activity
    implements NavigationDrawerFragment.NavigationDrawerCallbacks {

/**
 * Fragment managing the behaviors, interactions and presentation of the navigation drawer.
 */
private NavigationDrawerFragment mNavigationDrawerFragment;

/**
 * Used to store the last screen title. For use in {@link #restoreActionBar()}.
 */
private CharSequence mTitle;

@Override
protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
    super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
    setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);

    mNavigationDrawerFragment = (NavigationDrawerFragment)
            getFragmentManager().findFragmentById(R.id.navigation_drawer);
    mTitle = getTitle();

    // Set up the drawer.
    mNavigationDrawerFragment.setUp(
            R.id.navigation_drawer,
            (DrawerLayout) findViewById(R.id.drawer_layout));
}

@Override
public void onNavigationDrawerItemSelected(int position) {
    // update the main content by replacing fragments
    FragmentManager fragmentManager = getFragmentManager();

    switch (position) {
        case 0: fragmentManager.beginTransaction()
                .replace(R.id.container, PlaceholderFragment.newInstance(position + 1))
                .commit(); break; 
        case 1: fragmentManager.beginTransaction() 
                .replace(R.id.container, AboutFragment.newInstance("test1", "test2"))
                .commit(); break; // this crashes the app
        case 2: fragmentManager.beginTransaction()
                .replace(R.id.container, BrowseQuotesFragment.newInstance("test1", "test2"))
                .commit(); break; // this crashes the app
    }
}


public void onSectionAttached(int number) {
    switch (number) {
        case 1:
            mTitle = getString(R.string.title_section1);
            break;
        case 2:
            mTitle = getString(R.string.title_section2);
            break;
        case 3:
            mTitle = getString(R.string.title_section3);
            break;
    }
}

public void restoreActionBar() {
    ActionBar actionBar = getActionBar();
    actionBar.setNavigationMode(ActionBar.NAVIGATION_MODE_STANDARD);
    actionBar.setDisplayShowTitleEnabled(true);
    actionBar.setTitle(mTitle);
}


@Override
public boolean onCreateOptionsMenu(Menu menu) {
    if (!mNavigationDrawerFragment.isDrawerOpen()) {
        // Only show items in the action bar relevant to this screen
        // if the drawer is not showing. Otherwise, let the drawer
        // decide what to show in the action bar.
        getMenuInflater().inflate(R.menu.main, menu);
        restoreActionBar();
        return true;
    }
    return super.onCreateOptionsMenu(menu);
}

@Override
public boolean onOptionsItemSelected(MenuItem item) {
    // Handle action bar item clicks here. The action bar will
    // automatically handle clicks on the Home/Up button, so long
    // as you specify a parent activity in AndroidManifest.xml.
    int id = item.getItemId();
    if (id == R.id.action_settings) {
        return true;
    }
    return super.onOptionsItemSelected(item);
}

/**
 * A placeholder fragment containing a simple view.
 */
public static class PlaceholderFragment extends Fragment {
    /**
     * The fragment argument representing the section number for this
     * fragment.
     */
    private static final String ARG_SECTION_NUMBER = "section_number";

    /**
     * Returns a new instance of this fragment for the given section
     * number.
     */
    public static PlaceholderFragment newInstance(int sectionNumber) {
        PlaceholderFragment fragment = new PlaceholderFragment();
        Bundle args = new Bundle();
        args.putInt(ARG_SECTION_NUMBER, sectionNumber);
        fragment.setArguments(args);
        return fragment;
    }

    public PlaceholderFragment() {
    }

    @Override
    public View onCreateView(LayoutInflater inflater, ViewGroup container,
            Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        View rootView = inflater.inflate(R.layout.fragment_main, container, false);
        return rootView;
    }

    @Override
    public void onAttach(Activity activity) {
        super.onAttach(activity);
        ((MainActivity) activity).onSectionAttached(
                getArguments().getInt(ARG_SECTION_NUMBER));
    }
}

}

How to&Answers:

Answers posted here did not help, but the following link did:

http://developer.android.com/training/basics/fragments/communicating.html

Define an Interface

public class HeadlinesFragment extends ListFragment {
    OnHeadlineSelectedListener mCallback;

    // Container Activity must implement this interface
    public interface OnHeadlineSelectedListener {
        public void onArticleSelected(int position);
    }

    @Override
    public void onAttach(Activity activity) {
        super.onAttach(activity);

        // This makes sure that the container activity has implemented
        // the callback interface. If not, it throws an exception
        try {
            mCallback = (OnHeadlineSelectedListener) activity;
        } catch (ClassCastException e) {
            throw new ClassCastException(activity.toString()
                    + " must implement OnHeadlineSelectedListener");
        }
    }

    ...
}

For example, the following method in the fragment is called when the user clicks on a list item. The fragment uses the callback interface to deliver the event to the parent activity.

@Override
public void onListItemClick(ListView l, View v, int position, long id) {
    // Send the event to the host activity
    mCallback.onArticleSelected(position);
}

Implement the Interface

For example, the following activity implements the interface from the above example.

public static class MainActivity extends Activity
        implements HeadlinesFragment.OnHeadlineSelectedListener{
    ...

    public void onArticleSelected(int position) {
        // The user selected the headline of an article from the HeadlinesFragment
        // Do something here to display that article
    }
}

Update for API 23: 8/31/2015

Overrided method onAttach(Activity activity) is now deprecated in android.app.Fragment, code should be upgraded to onAttach(Context context)

@Override
public void onAttach(Context context) {
    super.onAttach(context);
}


@Override
public void onStart() {
    super.onStart();
    try {
        mListener = (OnFragmentInteractionListener) getActivity();
    } catch (ClassCastException e) {
        throw new ClassCastException(getActivity().toString()
                + " must implement OnFragmentInteractionListener");
    }
}

Answer:

For those of you who still don’t understand after reading @meda answer, here is my concise and complete explanation for this issue:

Let’s say you have 2 Fragments, Fragment_A and Fragment_B which are auto-generated from the app. On the bottom part of your generated fragments, you’re going to find this code:

public class Fragment_A extends Fragment {

    //rest of the code is omitted

    public interface OnFragmentInteractionListener {
        // TODO: Update argument type and name
        public void onFragmentInteraction(Uri uri);
    }
}

public class Fragment_B extends Fragment {

    //rest of the code is omitted

    public interface OnFragmentInteractionListener {
        // TODO: Update argument type and name
        public void onFragmentInteraction(Uri uri);
    }
}

To overcome the issue, you have to add onFragmentInteraction method into your activity, which in my case is named MainActivity2. After that, you need to implements all fragments in the MainActivity like this:

public class MainActivity2 extends ActionBarActivity
        implements Fragment_A.OnFragmentInteractionListener, 
                   Fragment_B.OnFragmentInteractionListener, 
                   NavigationDrawerFragment.NavigationDrawerCallbacks {
    //rest code is omitted

    @Override
    public void onFragmentInteraction(Uri uri){
        //you can leave it empty
    }
}

P.S.: In short, this method could be used for communicating between fragments. For those of you who want to know more about this method, please refer to this link.

Answer:

See your auto-generated Fragment created by Android Studio. When you created the new Fragment, Studio stubbed a bunch of code for you. At the bottom of the auto-generated template there is an inner interface definition called OnFragmentInteractionListener. Your Activity needs to implement this interface. This is the recommended pattern for your Fragment to notify your Activity of events so it can then take appropriate action, such as load another Fragment. See this page for details, look for the “Creating event callbacks for the Activity” section: http://developer.android.com/guide/components/fragments.html

Answer:

For those of you who visit this page looking for further clarification on this error, in my case the activity making the call to the fragment needed to have 2 implements in this case, like this:

public class MyActivity extends Activity implements 
    MyFragment.OnFragmentInteractionListener, 
    NavigationDrawerFragment.NaviationDrawerCallbacks {
    ...// rest of the code
}

Answer:

You should try removing the following code from your fragments

    try {
        mListener = (OnFragmentInteractionListener) activity;
    } catch (ClassCastException e) {
        throw new ClassCastException(activity.toString()
                + " must implement OnFragmentInteractionListener");
    }

The interface/listener is a default created so that your activity and fragments can communicate easier

Answer:

In addition to @user26409021 ‘s answer, If you have added a ItemFragment, The message in the ItemFragment is;

Activities containing this fragment MUST implement the {@link OnListFragmentInteractionListener} interface.

And You should add in your activity;

public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity
    implements NavigationView.OnNavigationItemSelectedListener, ItemFragment.OnListFragmentInteractionListener {

//the code is omitted

 public void onListFragmentInteraction(DummyContent.DummyItem uri){
    //you can leave it empty
}

Here the dummy item is what you have on the bottom of your ItemFragment

Answer:

OnFragmentInteractionListener is the default implementation for handling fragment to activity communication. This can be implemented based on your needs. Suppose if you need a function in your activity to be executed during a particular action within your fragment, you may make use of this callback method. If you don’t need to have this interaction between your hosting activity and fragment, you may remove this implementation.

In short you should implement the listener in your fragment hosting activity if you need the fragment-activity interaction like this

public class MainActivity extends Activity implements 
YourFragment.OnFragmentInteractionListener {..}

and your fragment should have it defined like this

public interface OnFragmentInteractionListener {
    // TODO: Update argument type and name
    void onFragmentInteraction(Uri uri);
}

also provide definition for void onFragmentInteraction(Uri uri); in your activity

or else just remove the listener initialisation from your fragment’s onAttach if you dont have any fragment-activity interaction

Answer:

Instead of Activity use context.It works for me.

@Override
    public void onAttach(Context context) {
        super.onAttach(context);
        try {
            mListener = (OnFragmentInteractionListener) context;
        } catch (ClassCastException e) {
            throw new ClassCastException(context.toString()
                    + " must implement OnFragmentInteractionListener");
        }
}

Answer:

Just an addendum:

OnFragmentInteractionListener handle communication between Activity and Fragment using an interface (OnFragmentInteractionListener) and is created by default by Android Studio, but if you dont need to communicate with your activity, you can just get ride of it.

The goal is that you can attach your fragment to multiple activities and still reuse the same communication approach (Every activity could have its own OnFragmentInteractionListener for each fragment).

But and if im sure my fragment will be attached to only one type of activity and i want to communicate with that activity?

Then, if you dont want to use OnFragmentInteractionListener because of its verbosity, you can access your activity methods using:

((MyActivityClass) getActivity()).someMethod()

Answer:

With me it worked delete this code:

@Override
    public void onAttach(Context context) {
        super.onAttach(context);
        if (context instanceof OnFragmentInteractionListener) {
            mListener = (OnFragmentInteractionListener) context;
        } else {
            throw new RuntimeException(context.toString()
                    + " must implement OnFragmentInteractionListener");
        }
    }

Ending like this:

@Override
public void onAttach(Context context) {
    super.onAttach(context);
}

Answer:

Just go to your fragment Activity and remove all method…..instead on on createview method.

your fragment has only on method oncreateview that’s it.

//only this method implement other method delete

 @Override
public View onCreateView(LayoutInflater inflater, ViewGroup container,
        Bundle savedInstanceState) {
    View rootView = inflater.inflate(R.layout.fragment_main, container, false);
    return rootView;
}

and make sure your layout it is demo for u.

Answer:

I’d like to add the destruction of the listener when the fragment is detached from the activity or destroyed.

@Override
public void onDetach() {
    super.onDetach();
    mListener = null;
}

and when using the new onStart() method with Context

@Override
public void onDestroy() {
    super.onDestroy();
    mListener = null;
}