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android – How to pass data from activity to fragment

Posted by: admin June 16, 2020 Leave a comment


I have some problems passing data from an activity to fragments in it. I searched around but didn’t find an answer which suit my situation well.
I have 2 fragment class named CurrentFragment.java and HistoryFragment.java. I initialize them as tabs in an Activity.

    Tab tab = actionBar.newTab()
            .setTabListener(new TaskitTabListener<CurrentFragment>(
                    this, "current", CurrentFragment.class));

    tab = actionBar.newTab()
            .setTabListener(new TaskitTabListener<HistoryFragment>(
                    this, "history", HistoryFragment.class));

I was told to use setArguments in the Activity and getArguments in the fragments. But in this situation how do I get fragment objects in the Activity? I can’t use getFragmentManager().findFragmentById() since the fragments are added programmatically.

Also, I find some posts saying that I may use getActivity() in fragments to access data in the Activity container, but for me it keep returning null. Does anyone has a working example of that?

How to&Answers:
[EDIT] I’ve updated my answer to better respond to your question.

You can also retrieve fragments by tag with getFragmentManager().findFragmentByTag("tag"). Be careful though, if the tab has not been viewed yet the fragment will not exist.

CurrentFragment curFrag = (CurrentFragment)
if(curFrag == null) {
    // The user hasn't viewed this tab yet
} else {
    // Here's your data is a custom function you wrote to receive data as a fragment

If you want the fragment to pull the data from the activity have your activity implement an Interface defined by the fragment. In the onAttach(Activity activity) lifecycle function for fragments you get access to the activity that created the fragment so you can cast that activity as the Interface you defined and make function calls. To do that put the interface in your fragment like this (You can also make the interface its own file if you want to share the same interface among many fragments):

public interface DataPullingInterface {
    public String getData();

Then implement the the interface in your activity like this:

public class MyActivity extends Activity implements DataPullingInterface {
    // Your activity code here
    public String getData() {
        return "This is my data"

Finally in your onAttach(Activity activity) method in CurrentFragment cast the activity you receive as the interface you created so you can call those functions.

private DataPullingInterface mHostInterface;
public void onAttach(Activity activity) {
    if(D) Log.d(TAG, "onAttach");
    try {
        mHostInterface = (DataPullingInterface) activity;
    } catch(ClassCastException e) {
        throw new ClassCastException(activity.toString() + " must implement DataPullingInterface");
    String myData = mHostInterface.getData();