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android – how to rotate a bitmap 90 degrees

Posted by: admin March 11, 2020 Leave a comment

Questions:

There is a statement in android canvas.drawBitmap(visiblePage, 0, 0, paint);

When I add canvas.rotate(90), there is no effect. But if I write

canvas.rotate(90)
canvas.drawBitmap(visiblePage, 0, 0, paint);

I get no bitmap drawn. So what am I not doing right?

How to&Answers:

You can also try this one

Matrix matrix = new Matrix();

matrix.postRotate(90);

Bitmap scaledBitmap = Bitmap.createScaledBitmap(bitmapOrg, width, height, true);

Bitmap rotatedBitmap = Bitmap.createBitmap(scaledBitmap, 0, 0, scaledBitmap.getWidth(), scaledBitmap.getHeight(), matrix, true);

Then you can use the rotated image to set in your imageview through

imageView.setImageBitmap(rotatedBitmap);

Answer:

public static Bitmap RotateBitmap(Bitmap source, float angle)
{
      Matrix matrix = new Matrix();
      matrix.postRotate(angle);
      return Bitmap.createBitmap(source, 0, 0, source.getWidth(), source.getHeight(), matrix, true);
}

To get Bitmap from resources:

Bitmap source = BitmapFactory.decodeResource(this.getResources(), R.drawable.your_img);

Answer:

Short extension for Kotlin

fun Bitmap.rotate(degrees: Float): Bitmap {
    val matrix = Matrix().apply { postRotate(degrees) }
    return Bitmap.createBitmap(this, 0, 0, width, height, matrix, true)
}

And usage:

val rotatedBitmap = bitmap.rotate(90F) // value must be float

Answer:

Below is the code to rotate or re size your image in android

public class bitmaptest extends Activity {
    @Override
    public void onCreate(Bundle icicle) {
        super.onCreate(icicle);
        LinearLayout linLayout = new LinearLayout(this);

        // load the origial BitMap (500 x 500 px)
        Bitmap bitmapOrg = BitmapFactory.decodeResource(getResources(),
               R.drawable.android);

        int width = bitmapOrg.width();
        int height = bitmapOrg.height();
        int newWidth = 200;
        int newHeight = 200;

        // calculate the scale - in this case = 0.4f
        float scaleWidth = ((float) newWidth) / width;
        float scaleHeight = ((float) newHeight) / height;

        // createa matrix for the manipulation
        Matrix matrix = new Matrix();
        // resize the bit map
        matrix.postScale(scaleWidth, scaleHeight);
        // rotate the Bitmap
        matrix.postRotate(45);

        // recreate the new Bitmap
        Bitmap resizedBitmap = Bitmap.createBitmap(bitmapOrg, 0, 0,
                          width, height, matrix, true);

        // make a Drawable from Bitmap to allow to set the BitMap
        // to the ImageView, ImageButton or what ever
        BitmapDrawable bmd = new BitmapDrawable(resizedBitmap);

        ImageView imageView = new ImageView(this);

        // set the Drawable on the ImageView
        imageView.setImageDrawable(bmd);

        // center the Image
        imageView.setScaleType(ScaleType.CENTER);

        // add ImageView to the Layout
        linLayout.addView(imageView,
                new LinearLayout.LayoutParams(
                      LayoutParams.FILL_PARENT, LayoutParams.FILL_PARENT
                )
        );

        // set LinearLayout as ContentView
        setContentView(linLayout);
    }
}

You can also check this link for details : http://www.anddev.org/resize_and_rotate_image_-_example-t621.html

Answer:

By default the rotation point is the Canvas’s (0,0) point, and my guess is that you may want to rotate it around the center.
I did that:

protected void renderImage(Canvas canvas)
{
    Rect dest,drawRect ;

    drawRect = new Rect(0,0, mImage.getWidth(), mImage.getHeight());
    dest = new Rect((int) (canvas.getWidth() / 2 - mImage.getWidth() * mImageResize / 2), // left
                    (int) (canvas.getHeight()/ 2 - mImage.getHeight()* mImageResize / 2), // top
                    (int) (canvas.getWidth() / 2 + mImage.getWidth() * mImageResize / 2), //right
                    (int) (canvas.getWidth() / 2 + mImage.getHeight()* mImageResize / 2));// bottom

    if(!mRotate) {
        canvas.drawBitmap(mImage, drawRect, dest, null);
    } else {
        canvas.save(Canvas.MATRIX_SAVE_FLAG); //Saving the canvas and later restoring it so only this image will be rotated.
        canvas.rotate(90,canvas.getWidth() / 2, canvas.getHeight()/ 2);
        canvas.drawBitmap(mImage, drawRect, dest, null);
        canvas.restore();
    }
}

Answer:

Using Java createBitmap() method you can pass the degrees.

Bitmap bInput /*your input bitmap*/, bOutput;
float degrees = 45; //rotation degree
Matrix matrix = new Matrix();
matrix.setRotate(degrees);
bOutput = Bitmap.createBitmap(bInput, 0, 0, bInput.getWidth(), bInput.getHeight(), matrix, true);

Answer:

I would simplify comm1x‘s Kotlin extension function even more:

fun Bitmap.rotate(degrees: Float) =
    Bitmap.createBitmap(this, 0, 0, width, height, Matrix().apply { postRotate(degrees) }, true)

Answer:

If you rotate bitmap, 90 180 270 360 is ok but for other degrees canvas will draw bitmap with different size.

So,the best way is

canvas.rotate(degree,rotateCenterPoint.x,rotateCenterPoint.y);  
canvas.drawBitmap(...);
canvas.rotate(-degree,rotateCenterPoint.x,rotateCenterPoint.y);//rotate back

Answer:

In case your goal is to have a rotated image in an imageView or file you can use Exif to achieve that. The support library now offers that: https://android-developers.googleblog.com/2016/12/introducing-the-exifinterface-support-library.html

Below is its usage but to achieve your goal you have to check the library api documentation for that. I just wanted to give a hint that rotating the bitmap isn’t always the best way.

Uri uri; // the URI you've received from the other app
InputStream in;
try {
  in = getContentResolver().openInputStream(uri);
  ExifInterface exifInterface = new ExifInterface(in);
  // Now you can extract any Exif tag you want
  // Assuming the image is a JPEG or supported raw format
} catch (IOException e) {
  // Handle any errors
} finally {
  if (in != null) {
    try {
      in.close();
    } catch (IOException ignored) {}
  }
}

int rotation = 0;
int orientation = exifInterface.getAttributeInt(
    ExifInterface.TAG_ORIENTATION,
    ExifInterface.ORIENTATION_NORMAL);
switch (orientation) {
  case ExifInterface.ORIENTATION_ROTATE_90:
    rotation = 90;
    break;
  case ExifInterface.ORIENTATION_ROTATE_180:
    rotation = 180;
    break;
  case ExifInterface.ORIENTATION_ROTATE_270:
    rotation = 270;
    break;
}

dependency

compile “com.android.support:exifinterface:25.1.0”

Answer:

Just be careful of Bitmap type from java platform call like from comm1x‘s and Gnzlt‘s answers, because it might return null. I think it is also more flexible if the parameter can be any Number and use infix for readability, depends on your coding style.

infix fun Bitmap.rotate(degrees: Number): Bitmap? {
    return Bitmap.createBitmap(
        this,
        0,
        0,
        width,
        height,
        Matrix().apply { postRotate(degrees.toFloat()) },
        true
    )
}

How to use?

bitmap rotate 90
// or
bitmap.rotate(90)