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android – How to set a different theme to a Layout

Posted by: admin April 23, 2020 Leave a comment

Questions:

I’ve set a default theme for the whole app. It’s defined in styles.xml as follows:

    <style name="DefaultTheme" parent="@android:style/Theme.Holo.Light">
        <!-- Customization here -->
    </style>

I’ve also defined a dark theme:

    <style name="DarkTheme" parent="@android:style/Theme.Holo">
        <!-- Customization here -->
    </style>

In the manifest it is declared the light theme as the main theme for the app:

    <application
    ...
    android:theme="@style/DefaultTheme" >

Now this is working fine, but in an activity, I need to set a different theme for a single Layout. Something like this:

    +--------------------------------------------------+
    |         Parent Linear layout (default theme)     |
    |                                                  |
    | +------------------------------------+ +-------+ |
    | |                                    | |       | |
    | |     Left linear layout             | |       | |
    | |     (default theme)                | |       | |
    | |                                    | |       | |
    | |                                    | |       | |
    | |                                    | |    ·<----------- Right Linear Layout
    | |                                    | |       | |        (Need it in dark theme)
    | |                                    | |       | |
    | |                                    | |       | |
    | +------------------------------------+ +-------+ |
    +--------------------------------------------------+

In the layout xml file I’m trying to set a theme for the rightmost child LinearLayout:

    <LinearLayout
    style="@style/DarkTheme">
    ...

I’d expect this to work just fine, and to apply the dark theme to the right layout only (and its child views), but it is not working. I’ve tried replacing the @style with a built-in @android:style to no avail. I’ve tested this in the layout editor and on real device/simulator.

Is it possible to apply a custom theme or style to a single layout?

How to&Answers:

This is now possible by using the android:theme property on the view and setting it to any theme you like. Note that the child views will inherit the theme of their parent.

Answer:

You can use ContextThemeWrapper() to apply theme when create layout programmatically.

LinearLayout darkThemeLayout = new LinearLayout(new ContextThemeWrapper(context, R.style.DarkTheme));

Answer:

With support library you can do:

app:theme="R.style.MyTheme"

Answer:

API 24 adds a per-view theme parameter, but requires Marshmallow or higher.
The alternative is to use the android support library for maximum compatibility.

Set the support library’s theme parameter for the view

<LinearLayout
    xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:app="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto"
    ...
>
    <LinearLayout
        app:theme="R.style.MyTheme"
        ...
    >
        <!-- content-->
    </LinearLayout>
...
</LinearLayout>

which references a theme defined as a style inside a resource xml

<resources>
    <style name="MyTheme">
        <item name="colorPrimary">@color/colorPrimary</item>
        <item name="colorPrimaryDark">@color/colorPrimaryDark</item>
        <item name="colorAccent">@color/colorAccent</item>
    </style>
</resources>