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android – How to specify id when uses include in layout xml file

Posted by: admin March 11, 2020 Leave a comment

Questions:

In my layout xml file, I have included other layout xml file (each
with a different android id).

<include layout="@layout/view_contact_name" android:id="+id/test1"/>
<include layout="@layout/view_contact_name" android:id="+id/test2"/>

But when I run it in the emulator, and start Hierarchy Viewer, each of
the layout still shows ‘NO_ID’, and in my code, I have
findViewById(R.id.test1) and findViewById(R.id.test2) both returns null.

Can anyone please help me with my problem ?

How to&Answers:

Specify the ID in the <include>

<include layout="@layout/test" android:id="@+id/test1" />

Then use two findViewById to access fields in the layout

View test1View = findViewById(R.id.test1);
TextView test1TextView = (TextView) test1View.findViewById(R.id.text);

Using that approach, you can access any field in any include you have.

Answer:

I found out, that if you are using <merge> tag in your include layout, then the ID of include transfers to the merge tag which is not real view.

So either remove merge, or replace it with some layout.

Tor Norbye wrote:

The <include> tag is not a real view, so findByView will not find it. The @id attribute (and any other attributes you’ve set on the include tag) gets applied on the root tag of the included layout instead. So your activity.getView(R.id.included1) should in fact be the <TextView> itself.

Answer:

Romain Guy indicates that you can override the ID of an included layout by putting an android:id attribute inside the <include> tag.

<include android:id="@+id/cell1" layout="@layout/workspace_screen" />

Answer:

I think the top answer misses the most important point and might mislead people into thinking the <include/> tag creates a View that holds the include contents.

The key point is that include’s id is passed to the root view of the include’s layout file.

Meaning that this:

// activity_main.xml
<include layout="@layout/somelayout" android:id="@+id/someid"/>

// somelayout.xml
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<ImageView
    xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:layout_width="wrap_content"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    />

Becomes this:

// activity_main.xml
<ImageView
    android:id="@+id/someid"
    android:layout_width="wrap_content"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    />

Answer:

yes is like this, but careful when the layout inserted in include field is a custom one and you want to access that root layout. That layout in this case @layout/test test, is actually returned in first line.

test test1View = (test)findViewById(R.id.test1);

Answer:

  1. you must set id each include tag
  2. included child element set a
    new id. if you look how to generate new id, look at this entry:
    https://stackoverflow.com/a/15442898/1136117

Answer:

Problem is we try to use id which is not declared in current layout file.
Instead of declaring again, id can be simply referred using @+id/. If you refactor original id name through Android Studio it does refactor in included layout as well.

<include layout="@layout/toolbar"/>

<TextView
    android:id="@+id/txt_description"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    **android:layout_below="@+id/toolbar"**
    android:layout_marginTop="16dp"
    android:paddingLeft="8dp"
    android:paddingRight="8dp"/>

Answer:

In a case of using <RecyclerView> find the id of <include> by using an instance of inflated view or else it will return null.

public class ViewHolder extends RecyclerView.ViewHolder {

        private mTextView;

        public ViewHolder(View view) {
            super(view);
            View include_1 = view.findViewById(R.id.include_1);
            mTextView = (TextView) include_1.findViewById(R.id.text_id);
        }
    }

Answer:

When talking about include you either have an id on the root view inside the included layout file or on the include line itself and not on both. For example:

<include layout="@layout/layout1" android:id="@+id/layout1"/>

Layout 1 file

<RelativeLayout
    xmlns:app="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto"
    xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:id="@+id/layout2">

</RelativeLayout>

The above example is wrong because technically you have two id’s declared for the same layout. So what you have to do is pick which element will have the id.