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android – How to use Handler and handleMessage in Kotlin?

Posted by: admin June 15, 2020 Leave a comment

Questions:

Java code:

private final Handler mHandler = new Handler() {
    @Override
    public void handleMessage(Message msg) {
       // code here
    }
};

How to convert this java code to Kotlin?

I tried this:

private val mHandler = object : Handler() {
    fun handleMessage(msg: Message) {
       // code here
    }
}

But this is seems to be incorrect and gives a compile time error on object

How to&Answers:

Problem: The syntax to override handleMessage() method of the Handler class is incorrect.

Solution: Add override keyword before the function that you want to override.

private val mHandler = object : Handler() {

    override fun handleMessage(msg: Message?) {
        // Your logic code here.
    }
}

Update: As @BeniBela’s comment, when using above code, a lint warning will be displayed

This Handler class should be static or leaks might occur.

Since this Handler is declared as an inner class, it may prevent the
outer class from being garbage collected. If the Handler is using a
Looper or MessageQueue for a thread other than the main thread, then
there is no issue.

If the Handler is using the Looper or MessageQueue of the main thread,
you need to fix your Handler declaration, as follows: Declare the
Handler as a static class; In the outer class, instantiate a
WeakReference to the outer class and pass this object to your Handler
when you instantiate the Handler; Make all references to members of
the outer class using the WeakReference object.

class OuterClass {

    // In the outer class, instantiate a WeakReference to the outer class.
    private val outerClass = WeakReference<OuterClass>(this)

    // Pass the WeakReference object to the outer class to your Handler
    // when you instantiate the Handler
    private val mMyHandler = MyHandler(outerClass)

    private var outerVariable: String = "OuterClass"

    private fun outerMethod() {

    }

    // Declare the Handler as a static class.
    class MyHandler(private val outerClass: WeakReference<OuterClass>) : Handler() {

        override fun handleMessage(msg: Message?) {
            // Your logic code here.
            // ...

            // Make all references to members of the outer class 
            // using the WeakReference object.
            outerClass.get()?.outerVariable
            outerClass.get()?.outerMethod()
        }
    }
}

Answer:

You may do it a bit easier (without WeakReference) by passing looper to handler:

val handler = object:  Handler(Looper.getMainLooper()) {
        override fun handleMessage(msg: Message) {
            doStuff()
        }
    }

Answer:

In my case :

@SuppressLint("HandlerLeak")
    private inner class MessageHandler(private val mContext: Context) : Handler() {
        override fun handleMessage(msg: Message) {
            when (msg.what) {

            }
        }
    }