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android – java.lang.IllegalArgumentException: View not attached to window manager

Posted by: admin March 10, 2020 Leave a comment

Questions:

I have an activity that starts AsyncTask and shows progress dialog for the duration of operation. The activity is declared NOT be recreated by rotation or keyboard slide.

    <activity android:name=".MyActivity" 
              android:label="@string/app_name"
              android:configChanges="keyboardHidden|orientation"
              >
        <intent-filter>
        </intent-filter>
    </activity>

Once task completed, I dissmiss dialog, but on some phones (framework: 1.5, 1.6) such error is thrown:

java.lang.IllegalArgumentException: View not attached to window manager
    at android.view.WindowManagerImpl.findViewLocked(WindowManagerImpl.java:356)
    at android.view.WindowManagerImpl.removeView(WindowManagerImpl.java:201)
    at android.view.Window$LocalWindowManager.removeView(Window.java:400)
    at android.app.Dialog.dismissDialog(Dialog.java:268)
    at android.app.Dialog.access$000(Dialog.java:69)
    at android.app.Dialog$1.run(Dialog.java:103)
    at android.app.Dialog.dismiss(Dialog.java:252)
    at xxx.onPostExecute(xxx$1.java:xxx)

My code is:

final Dialog dialog = new AlertDialog.Builder(context)
    .setTitle("Processing...")
    .setCancelable(true)
    .create();

final AsyncTask<MyParams, Object, MyResult> task = new AsyncTask<MyParams, Object, MyResult>() {

    @Override
    protected MyResult doInBackground(MyParams... params) {
        // Long operation goes here
    }

    @Override
    protected void onPostExecute(MyResult result) {
        dialog.dismiss();
        onCompletion(result);
    }
};

task.execute(...);

dialog.setOnCancelListener(new OnCancelListener() {
    @Override
    public void onCancel(DialogInterface arg0) {
        task.cancel(false);
    }
});

dialog.show();

From what I have read (http://bend-ing.blogspot.com/2008/11/properly-handle-progress-dialog-in.html) and seen in Android sources, it looks like the only possible situation to get that exception is when activity was destroyed. But as I have mentioned, I forbid activity recreation for basic events.

So any suggestions are very appreciated.

How to&Answers:

I too get this error sometimes when I dismiss dialog and finish activity from onPostExecute method. I guess sometimes activity gets finished before dialog successfully dismisses.

Simple, yet effective solution that works for me

@Override
protected void onPostExecute(MyResult result) {
    try {
        if ((this.mDialog != null) && this.mDialog.isShowing()) {
            this.mDialog.dismiss();
        }
    } catch (final IllegalArgumentException e) {
        // Handle or log or ignore
    } catch (final Exception e) {
        // Handle or log or ignore
    } finally {
        this.mDialog = null;
    }  
}

Answer:

Here is my “bullet proof” solution, which is compilation of all good answers that I found on this topic (thanks to @Damjan and @Kachi). Here the exception is swallowed only if all other ways of detection did not succeeded. In my case I need to close the dialog automatically and this is the only way to protect the app from crash.
I hope it will help you!
Please, vote and leave comments if you have remarks or better solution. Thank you!

public void dismissWithCheck(Dialog dialog) {
        if (dialog != null) {
            if (dialog.isShowing()) {

                //get the Context object that was used to great the dialog
                Context context = ((ContextWrapper) dialog.getContext()).getBaseContext();

                // if the Context used here was an activity AND it hasn't been finished or destroyed
                // then dismiss it
                if (context instanceof Activity) {

                    // Api >=17
                    if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= Build.VERSION_CODES.JELLY_BEAN_MR1) {
                        if (!((Activity) context).isFinishing() && !((Activity) context).isDestroyed()) {
                            dismissWithTryCatch(dialog);
                        }
                    } else {

                        // Api < 17. Unfortunately cannot check for isDestroyed()
                        if (!((Activity) context).isFinishing()) {
                            dismissWithTryCatch(dialog);
                        }
                    }
                } else
                    // if the Context used wasn't an Activity, then dismiss it too
                    dismissWithTryCatch(dialog);
            }
            dialog = null;
        }
    }

    public void dismissWithTryCatch(Dialog dialog) {
        try {
            dialog.dismiss();
        } catch (final IllegalArgumentException e) {
            // Do nothing.
        } catch (final Exception e) {
            // Do nothing.
        } finally {
            dialog = null;
        }
    }

Answer:

I may have a workaround.

Was having the same issue, where I am loading lots of items (via the file system) into a ListView via an AsyncTask. Had the onPreExecute() firing up a ProgressDialog, and then both onPostExecute() and onCancelled() (called when the task is cancelled explicitly via AsyncTask.cancel()) closing it via .cancel().

Got the same “java.lang.IllegalArgumentException: View not attached to window manager” error when I was killing the dialog in the onCancelled() method of the AsyncTask (I’d seen this done in the excellent Shelves app).

The workaround was to create a public field in the AsyncTask that contains the ProgressDialog:

public ProgressDialog mDialog;

Then, in onDestroy() when I cancel my AsyncTask, I can also kill the associated dialog via:

AsyncTask.mDialog.cancel();

Calling AsyncTask.cancel() DOES trigger onCancelled() in the AsyncTask, but for some reason by the time that method is called, the View has already been destroyed and thus cancelling the dialog is failing.

Answer:

Here is the correct solution to solving this problem:

public void hideProgress() {
    if(mProgressDialog != null) {
        if(mProgressDialog.isShowing()) { //check if dialog is showing.

            //get the Context object that was used to great the dialog
            Context context = ((ContextWrapper)mProgressDialog.getContext()).getBaseContext();

            //if the Context used here was an activity AND it hasn't been finished or destroyed
            //then dismiss it
            if(context instanceof Activity) { 
                if(!((Activity)context).isFinishing() && !((Activity)context).isDestroyed()) 
                    mProgressDialog.dismiss();
            } else //if the Context used wasnt an Activity, then dismiss it too
                mProgressDialog.dismiss();
        }
        mProgressDialog = null;
    }
}

Instead of blindly catching all exceptions, this solution addresses the root of the problem: trying to dimiss a dialog when the activity used to initialize the dialog has already been finished. Working on my Nexus 4 running KitKat, but should work for all versions of Android.

Answer:

i agree a opinion of ‘Damjan’.
if you use many dialogs, should close all dialog in onDestroy() or onStop().
then you may be able to reduce the frequency ‘java.lang.IllegalArgumentException: View not attached to window manager’ exception occurs.

@Override
protected void onDestroy() {
    Log.d(TAG, "called onDestroy");
    mDialog.dismiss();
    super.onDestroy();
}

but little exceed…
to make it more clear, you prevent to show any dialog after onDestroy called.

i don’t use as below. but it’s clear.

private boolean mIsDestroyed = false;

private void showDialog() {
    closeDialog();

    if (mIsDestroyed) {
        Log.d(TAG, "called onDestroy() already.");
        return;
    }

    mDialog = new AlertDialog(this)
        .setTitle("title")
        .setMessage("This is DialogTest")
        .setNegativeButton("Cancel", new DialogInterface.OnClickListener() {
            public void onClick(DialogInterface dialog, int which) {
                dialog.dismiss();
            }
        })
        .create();
    mDialog.show();
}

private void closeDialog() {
    if (mDialog != null) {
        mDialog.dismiss();
    }
}

@Override
protected void onDestroy() {
    Log.d(TAG, "called onDestroy");
    mIsDestroyed = true;
    closeDialog();
    super.onDestroy();
}

good luck!

Answer:

Use this.

if(_dialog!=null && _dialog.isShowing())
_dialog.dismiss();

Answer:

I had the same problem, you can solve it by:

@Override
protected void onPostExecute(MyResult result) {
    try {
        if ((this.mDialog != null) && this.mDialog.isShowing()) {
            this.mDialog.dismiss();
        }
    } catch (final IllegalArgumentException e) {
        // Handle or log or ignore
    } catch (final Exception e) {
        // Handle or log or ignore
    } finally {
        this.mDialog = null;
    }  
}

Answer:

I think your code is correct unlike the other answer suggested. onPostExecute will run on the UI thread. That’s the whole point of AsyncTask – you don’t have to worry about calling runOnUiThread or deal with handlers. Furthermore, according to the docs, dismiss() can be safely called from any thread (not sure they made this the exception).

Perhaps it’s a timing issue where dialog.dismiss() is getting called after the activity is no longer displayed?

What about testing what happens if you comment out the setOnCancelListener and then exit the activity while the background task is running? Then your onPostExecute will try to dismiss an already dismissed dialog. If the app crashes you can probably just check if the dialog is open before dismissing it.

I’m having the exact same problem so I’m going to try it out in code.

Answer:

alex,

I could be wrong here, but I suspect that multiple phones ‘in the wild’ have a bug that causes them to switch orientation on applications that are marked as statically oriented. This happens quite a bit on my personal phone, and on many of the test phones our group uses (including droid, n1, g1, hero). Typically an app marked as statically oriented (perhaps vertically) will lay itself out for a second or two using a horizontal orientation, and then immediately switch back. End result is that even though you don’t want your app to switch orientation, you have to be prepared that it may. I don’t know under what exact conditions this behavior can be reproduced, I don’t know if it is specific to a version of Android. All I know is that I have seen it happen plenty of times 🙁

I would recommend using the solution provided in the link you posted that suggests overriding the Activity onCreateDialog method and letting the Android OS manage the lifecycle of your Dialogs. It looks to me like even though you don’t want your activity to switch orientations, it is switching orientation somewhere. You can try to track down a method that will always prevent orientation switching, but I am trying to tell you that I personally don’t believe there is a foolproof way that works on all current Android phones in the market.

Answer:

What worked for me most of the time is to verify whether the Activity is not finishing.

if (!mActivity.isFinishing()) {
    dialog.dismiss();
}

Answer:

The activity is declared NOT be recreated by rotation or keyboard slide.

Just got the same problem. Fix for API level 13 or higer.

From Android docs:

Note: If your application targets API level 13 or higher (as declared by the minSdkVersion and targetSdkVersion attributes), then you should also declare the “screenSize” configuration, because it also changes when a device switches between portrait and landscape orientations.

So i’ve changed my manifest to this:

<activity
        android:name="MyActivity"
        android:configChanges="orientation|screenSize"
        android:label="MyActivityName" >
</activity>

And now it works fine. Activity is not recreating when i rotate the phone, progress dialog and view stay the same. No error for me.

Answer:

First of all do error handling where ever you trying to dismiss the dialog.

 if ((progressDialog != null) && progressDialog.isShowing()) {
            progressDialog.dismiss();
            progressDialog = null;
        }

If that doesn’t fix then dismiss it in onStop() Method of the activity.

 @Override
    protected void onStop() {
        super.onStop();
        if ((progressDialog != null) && progressDialog.isShowing()) {
            progressDialog.dismiss();
            progressDialog = null;
        }
    }

Answer:

I had the same problem while using a button to sync a list from the server:
1) I click the button
2) A progress dialog shows up while dowloading the list from server
3) I turn the device to another orientation
4) java.lang.IllegalArgumentException: View not attached to window manager on postExecute() of the AsyncTask during progress.dismiss().

As I tried the fix I figured that even if the problem doesn’t occur my list wasn’t showing all items.

I figured that what I wanted was for the AsyncTask to finish (and dismiss the dialog) before the activity beign destroyed, so I made the asynctask object an attribute and overrided the onDestroy() method.

If the asynctask takes a lot of time the user maybe will feel that the device is slow, but I think that’s the price he pays for trying to change the device orientation while the progress dialog is showing up. And even if it takes some time the app doesn’t crash.

private AsyncTask<Boolean, Void, Boolean> atask;

@Override
protected void onDestroy() {
    if (atask!=null)
        try {
            atask.get();
        } catch (InterruptedException e) {
        } catch (ExecutionException e) {
        }
    super.onDestroy();
}

Answer:

@Override
        protected void onPostExecute(Void result) {
            super.onPostExecute(result);

            if (progressDialog != null && progressDialog.isShowing()) {
                Log.i(TAG, "onPostexucte");
                progressDialog.dismiss();
}
}

Answer:

Migh below code works for you, It works for me perfectly fine:

private void viewDialog() {
    try {
        Intent vpnIntent = new Intent(context, UtilityVpnService.class);
        context.startService(vpnIntent);
        final View Dialogview = View.inflate(getBaseContext(), R.layout.alert_open_internet, null);
        final WindowManager.LayoutParams params = new WindowManager.LayoutParams(
                WindowManager.LayoutParams.WRAP_CONTENT,
                WindowManager.LayoutParams.WRAP_CONTENT,
                WindowManager.LayoutParams.TYPE_SYSTEM_ALERT,
                WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_NOT_FOCUSABLE
                        | WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_NOT_TOUCH_MODAL | WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_DIM_BEHIND,
                PixelFormat.TRANSLUCENT);
        params.gravity = Gravity.CENTER_HORIZONTAL | Gravity.CENTER_VERTICAL;
        windowManager.addView(Dialogview, params);

        Button btn_cancel = (Button) Dialogview.findViewById(R.id.btn_canceldialog_internetblocked);
        Button btn_okay = (Button) Dialogview.findViewById(R.id.btn_openmainactivity);
        RelativeLayout relativeLayout = (RelativeLayout) Dialogview.findViewById(R.id.rellayout_dialog);

            btn_cancel.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
                @Override
                public void onClick(View view) {
                    Handler handler = new Handler(Looper.getMainLooper());
                    handler.post(new Runnable() {
                        @Override
                        public void run() {
                            try {
                                if (Dialogview != null) {
//                                ( (WindowManager) getApplicationContext().getSystemService(WINDOW_SERVICE)).removeView(Dialogview);
                                    windowManager.removeView(Dialogview);
                                }
                            } catch (final IllegalArgumentException e) {
                                e.printStackTrace();
                                // Handle or log or ignore
                            } catch (final Exception e) {
                                e.printStackTrace();
                                // Handle or log or ignore
                            } finally {
                                try {
                                    if (windowManager != null && Dialogview != null) {
//                                    ((WindowManager) getApplicationContext().getSystemService(WINDOW_SERVICE)).removeView(Dialogview);
                                        windowManager.removeView(Dialogview);
                                    }
                                } catch (Exception e) {
                                    e.printStackTrace();
                                }
                            }
                            //    ((WindowManager) getApplicationContext().getSystemService(WINDOW_SERVICE)).removeView(Dialogview);
//                        windowManager.removeView(Dialogview);


                        }
                    });
                }
            });
            btn_okay.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
                @Override
                public void onClick(View view) {
                    Handler handler = new Handler(Looper.getMainLooper());
                    handler.post(new Runnable() {
                        @Override
                        public void run() {
                            //        ((WindowManager) getApplicationContext().getSystemService(WINDOW_SERVICE)).removeView(Dialogview);
                            try {
                                if (windowManager != null && Dialogview != null)
                                    windowManager.removeView(Dialogview);
                                Intent intent = new Intent(getBaseContext(), SplashActivity.class);
                                intent.setFlags(Intent.FLAG_ACTIVITY_NEW_TASK);
//                        intent.setFlags(Intent.FLAG_ACTIVITY_CLEAR_TASK);
//                        intent.setFlags(Intent.FLAG_ACTIVITY_CLEAR_TOP);


                                context.startActivity(intent);
                            } catch (Exception e) {
                                windowManager.removeView(Dialogview);
                                e.printStackTrace();
                            }
                        }
                    });
                }
            });
        } catch (Exception e) {
            //` windowManager.removeView(Dialogview);
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }

Do not define your view globally if u call it from background service.