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android – Populating spinner directly in the layout xml

Posted by: admin March 10, 2020 Leave a comment

Questions:

Is it possible to populate the options of a Spinner right in the layout xml? This page suggests I should use an ArrayAdapter? It seems awkward not being able to do it..

How to&Answers:

I’m not sure about this, but give it a shot.

In your strings.xml define:

<string-array name="array_name">
<item>Array Item One</item>
<item>Array Item Two</item>
<item>Array Item Three</item>
</string-array>

In your layout:

<Spinner 
        android:id="@+id/spinner"
        android:layout_width="fill_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:drawSelectorOnTop="true"
        android:entries="@array/array_name"
    />

I’ve heard this doesn’t always work on the designer, but it compiles fine.

Answer:

Define this in your String.xml file and name the array what you want, such as “Weight”

<string-array name="Weight">
<item>Kg</item>
<item>Gram</item>
<item>Tons</item>
</string-array>

and this code in your layout.xml

<Spinner 
        android:id="@+id/fromspin"
        android:layout_width="fill_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:entries="@array/Weight"
 />

In your java file, getActivity is used in fragment; if you write that code in activity, then remove getActivity.

a = (Spinner) findViewById(R.id.fromspin);

 ArrayAdapter<CharSequence> adapter = ArrayAdapter.createFromResource(this.getActivity(),
                R.array.weight, android.R.layout.simple_spinner_item);
        adapter.setDropDownViewResource(android.R.layout.simple_spinner_dropdown_item);

        a.setAdapter(adapter);
        a.setOnItemSelectedListener(new AdapterView.OnItemSelectedListener() {
            public void onItemSelected(AdapterView<?> parent, View view, int pos, long id) {
                if (a.getSelectedItem().toString().trim().equals("Kilogram")) {
                    if (!b.getText().toString().isEmpty()) {
                        float value1 = Float.parseFloat(b.getText().toString());
                        float kg = value1;
                        c.setText(Float.toString(kg));
                        float gram = value1 * 1000;
                        d.setText(Float.toString(gram));
                        float carat = value1 * 5000;
                        e.setText(Float.toString(carat));
                        float ton = value1 / 908;
                        f.setText(Float.toString(ton));
                    }

                }



            public void onNothingSelected(AdapterView<?> parent) {
                // Another interface callback
            }
        });
        // Inflate the layout for this fragment
        return v;
    }

Answer:

In regards to the first comment: If you do this you will get an error(in Android Studio). This is in regards to it being out of the Android namespace. If you don’t know how to fix this error, check the example out below. Hope this helps!

Example -Before :

<string-array name="roomSize">
    <item>Small(0-4)</item>
    <item>Medium(4-8)</item>
    <item>Large(9+)</item>
</string-array>

Example – After:

<string-array android:name="roomSize">
    <item>Small(0-4)</item>
    <item>Medium(4-8)</item>
    <item>Large(9+)</item>
</string-array>