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android – Programmatically relaunch/recreate an activity?

Posted by: admin March 11, 2020 Leave a comment

Questions:

After I do some change in my database, that involves significant change in my views, I would like to redraw, re-execute onCreate.

How is that possible?

How to&Answers:

UPDATE: Android SDK 11 added a recreate() method to activities.


I’ve done that by simply reusing the intent that started the activity. Define an intent starterIntent in your class and assign it in onCreate() using starterIntent = getIntent();. Then when you want to restart the activity, call finish(); startActivity(starterIntent);

It isn’t a very elegant solution, but it’s a simple way to restart your activity and force it to reload everything.

Answer:

Call the recreate method of the activity.

Answer:

Combining some answers here you can use something like the following.

class BaseActivity extends SherlockFragmentActivity
{
    // Backwards compatible recreate().
    @Override
    public void recreate()
    {
        if (android.os.Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 11)
        {
            super.recreate();
        }
        else
        {
            startActivity(getIntent());
            finish();
        }
    }
}

Testing

I tested it a bit, and there are some problems:

  1. If the activity is the lowest one on the stack, calling startActivity(...); finish(); just exist the app and doesn’t restart the activity.
  2. super.recreate() doesn’t actually act the same way as totally recreating the activity. It is equivalent to rotating the device so if you have any Fragments with setRetainInstance(true) they won’t be recreated; merely paused and resumed.

So currently I don’t believe there is an acceptable solution.

Answer:

Option 1

Call recreate() on your Activity.
However this method causes a flashing black screen to appear during the activity re-creation.

Option 2

finish();
startActivity(getIntent());

No “flashing” black screen here, but you’ll see a transition between the old and the new instances with a not-so-pleasant black background. We can do better.

Option 3

To fix this, we can add a call to overridePendingTransition() :

finish();
startActivity(getIntent());
overridePendingTransition(0, 0);

Good bye black screen, but in my case I still see some kind of transition (a fade animation), on a colored background this time. That’s because you’re finishing the current instance of your activity before the new one is created and becomes fully visible, and the in-between color is the value of the windowBackground theme attribute.

Option 4

startActivity(getIntent());
finish();

Calling finish() after startActivity() will use the default transition between activities, often with a little slide-in animation. But the transition is still visible.

Option 5

startActivity(getIntent());
finish();
overridePendingTransition(0, 0);

To me, this is the best solution because it restarts the activity without any visible transition, like if nothing happened.

It could be useful if, for example, in your app you expose a way to change the display language independently of the system’s language. In this case, whenever the user changes your app’s language you’ll probably want to restart your activity without transition, making the language switch look instantaneous.

Answer:

When I need to restart an activity, I use following code. Though it is not recommended.

Intent intent = getIntent();
finish();
startActivity(intent);

Answer:

for API before 11 you cannot use recreate(). I solved in this way:

Bundle temp_bundle = new Bundle();
onSaveInstanceState(temp_bundle);
Intent intent = new Intent(this, MainActivity.class);
intent.putExtra("bundle", temp_bundle);
startActivity(intent);
finish();

and in onCreate..

@Override
public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {

    if (getIntent().hasExtra("bundle") && savedInstanceState==null){
        savedInstanceState = getIntent().getExtras().getBundle("bundle");
    }

    super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
    setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
    //code

}

Answer:

After looking for the gingerbread implement for recreate, I’d like to use following codes (for gingerbread):

activity.mMainThread.mAppThread.scheduleRelaunchActivity(activity.mToken, null, null, 0, false, null);

For these codes, it’s from the implementation in higher api.

public void recreate() {
    if (mParent != null) {
        throw new IllegalStateException("Can only be called on top-level activity");
    }
    if (Looper.myLooper() != mMainThread.getLooper()) {
        throw new IllegalStateException("Must be called from main thread");
    }
    mMainThread.requestRelaunchActivity(mToken, null, null, 0, false, null, false);
}

Api-10 has no requestRelaunchActivity, however, from the diff, i found this:

             public final void scheduleRelaunchActivity(IBinder token,
                     List<ResultInfo> pendingResults, List<Intent> pendingNewIntents,
                     int configChanges, boolean notResumed, Configuration config) {
    -            ActivityClientRecord r = new ActivityClientRecord();
    -
    -            r.token = token;
    -            r.pendingResults = pendingResults;
    -            r.pendingIntents = pendingNewIntents;
    -            r.startsNotResumed = notResumed;
    -            r.createdConfig = config;
    -
    -            synchronized (mPackages) {
    -                mRelaunchingActivities.add(r);
    -            }
    -
    -            queueOrSendMessage(H.RELAUNCH_ACTIVITY, r, configChanges);
    +            requestRelaunchActivity(token, pendingResults, pendingNewIntents,
    +                    configChanges, notResumed, config, true);
             }

So I think I could use scheduleRelaunchActivity instead of requestRelaunchActivity.

And I have written them using reflect:

package me.piebridge.util;

import java.lang.reflect.Field;
import java.lang.reflect.InvocationTargetException;
import java.lang.reflect.Method;
import java.util.List;

import android.annotation.TargetApi;
import android.app.Activity;
import android.content.res.Configuration;
import android.os.Build;
import android.os.IBinder;

public class GingerBreadUtil {

    private static Field scanField(Class<?> clazz, String... names) {
        for (String name : names) {
            Field field;
            try {
                field = clazz.getDeclaredField(name);
                field.setAccessible(true);
                return field;
            } catch (NoSuchFieldException e) {
            }
            try {
                field = clazz.getField(name);
                field.setAccessible(true);
                return field;
            } catch (NoSuchFieldException e) {
            }
        }
        return null;
    }

    public static void recreate(Activity activity) {
        if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT > Build.VERSION_CODES.GINGERBREAD_MR1) {
            recreateHC(activity);
        } else {
            try {
                recreateGB(activity);
            } catch (InvocationTargetException e) {
                e.getTargetException().printStackTrace();
            } catch (Exception e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
        }
    }

    @TargetApi(Build.VERSION_CODES.HONEYCOMB)
    private static void recreateHC(Activity activity) {
        ((Activity) activity).recreate();
    }

    private static void recreateGB(Activity activity) throws IllegalArgumentException, IllegalAccessException, NoSuchMethodException, InvocationTargetException {
        Field Activity$mToken = scanField(Activity.class, "mToken");
        IBinder mToken = (IBinder) Activity$mToken.get(activity);
        Field Activity$mMainThread = scanField(Activity.class, "mMainThread");
        Object mMainThread = Activity$mMainThread.get(activity);
        Field ActivityThread$mAppThread = scanField(mMainThread.getClass(), "mAppThread");
        Object mAppThread = ActivityThread$mAppThread.get(mMainThread);
        Method method = mAppThread.getClass().getMethod("scheduleRelaunchActivity",
            IBinder.class, List.class, List.class, int.class, boolean.class, Configuration.class);
        method.invoke(mAppThread, mToken, null, null, 0, false, null);
    }

}

I’m using these codes for the back-porting of xposed framework.

Answer:

Call the recreate() method from where you want to recreate your activity . This method will destroy current instance of Activity with onDestroy() and then recreate activity with onCreate().

Answer:

If this is your problem, you should probably implement another way to do the view filling in your Activity. Instead of re running onCreate() you should make it so onCreate() calls your filling method with some argument. When the data changes, the filling method should get called with another argument.

Answer:

The way I resolved it is by using Fragments. These are backwards compatible until API 4 by using the support library.

You make a “wrapper” layout with a FrameLayout in it.

Example:

<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
     android:layout_width="match_parent"
     android:layout_height="match_parent"
     android:orientation="vertical" >

     <FrameLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
          android:id="@+id/fragment_container"
          android:layout_width="match_parent"
          android:layout_height="match_parent" />
</LinearLayout>

Then you make a FragmentActivity in wich you can replace the FrameLayout any time you want.

Example:

public class SampleFragmentActivity extends FragmentActivity
{

     @Override
 public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState)
 {
    super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
    setContentView(R.layout.wrapper);

    // Check that the activity is using the layout version with
    // the fragment_container FrameLayout
    if (findViewById(R.id.fragment_container) != null)
    {

        // However, if we're being restored from a previous state,
        // then we don't need to do anything and should return or else
        // we could end up with overlapping fragments.
        if (savedInstanceState != null)
        {
            return;
        }
        updateLayout();
     }
  }

  private void updateLayout()
  {
     Fragment fragment = new SampleFragment();
     fragment.setArguments(getIntent().getExtras());

     // replace original fragment by new fragment
     getSupportFragmentManager().beginTransaction().replace(R.id.fragment_container, fragment).commit();
  }

In the Fragment you inflate/replace you can use the onStart and onCreateView like you normaly would use the onCreate of an activity.

Example:

public class SampleFragment extends Fragment
{

    @Override
    public View onCreateView(LayoutInflater inflater, ViewGroup container, Bundle savedInstanceState)
    {
        return inflater.inflate(R.layout.yourActualLayout, container, false);
    }

    @Override
    public void onStart()
    {
        // do something with the components, or not!
        TextView text = (TextView) getActivity().findViewById(R.id.text1);

        super.onStart();
    }
}

Answer:

I once made a test app that uploads, deletes, and then redownloads the database file using firebase cloud storage.
To display the data in database, the following code was the only solution I found. Neither recreate() nor finish() worked in this case.

Intent intent = new Intent(getApplicationContext(), MainActivity.class);
startActivity(intent);
System.exit(0);

Answer:

If you want to pass a parameter to onCreate() then you have to create a new intent with adding extra and call StartActivity with it. Here is a simple example which i did using this way.

              String eczSabit = sa.getItem(position).getValue();
              if(!Util.IsNullOrEmpty(eczSabit)){
                  sabit = Long.parseLong(eczSabit);
                  Intent intent = new Intent(eczaneSegmentasyon.this,eczaneSegmentasyon.class);
                  intent.putExtra("sabit", sabit);
                  startActivity(intent);
              }

Answer:

If you’re just looking to re-do your view, I had the exact same issue. In the onResume function try putting this:

mView = new AndroidPinballView(getApplication());

This was also in my onCreate(), so putting this in the onResume worked for me 🙂