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android – ProgressDialog is deprecated.What is the alternate one to use?

Posted by: admin March 10, 2020 Leave a comment

Questions:

I have come across to see that ProgressDialog is now deprecated. What would be alternate one to use in place of that apart from ProgressBar.
I am using android studio version 2.3.3.

ProgressDialog progressDialog=new ProgressDialog(this);
progressDialog.show();
How to&Answers:

Yes, in API level 26 it’s deprecated. Instead, you can use progressBar.

To create it programmatically:

First get a reference to the root layout

RelativeLayout layout = findViewById(R.id.display);  //specify here Root layout Id

or

RelativeLayout layout = findViewById(this);

Then add the progress bar

progressBar = new ProgressBar(youractivity.this, null, android.R.attr.progressBarStyleLarge);
RelativeLayout.LayoutParams params = new RelativeLayout.LayoutParams(100, 100);
params.addRule(RelativeLayout.CENTER_IN_PARENT);
layout.addView(progressBar, params);

To show the progress bar

progressBar.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);

To hide the progress bar

progressBar.setVisibility(View.GONE);

To disable the user interaction you just need to add the following
code

getWindow().setFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_NOT_TOUCHABLE,
                           WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_NOT_TOUCHABLE);

To get user interaction back you just need to add the following code

getWindow().clearFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_NOT_TOUCHABLE);

Just for future reference, change the android.R.attr.progressBarStyleSmall to android.R.attr.progressBarStyleHorizontal.

The code below only works above API level 21

progressBar.setProgressTintList(ColorStateList.valueOf(Color.RED));

To create it via xml:

<ProgressBar
        android:id="@+id/progressbar"
        style="?android:attr/progressBarStyleHorizontal"
        android:layout_width="fill_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:indeterminate="true"
        android:max="100"
        android:backgroundTint="@color/white"
        android:layout_below="@+id/framelauout"
        android:indeterminateTint="#1a09d6"
        android:layout_marginTop="-7dp"/>

In your activity

progressBar = (ProgressBar) findViewById(R.id.progressbar);

Showing/hiding the progress bar is the same

 progressBar.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE); // To show the ProgressBar 
 progressBar.setVisibility(View.INVISIBLE); // To hide the ProgressBar

Here is a sample image of what it would look like:

For more details:
1. Reference one
2. Reference Two

Answer:

you can use AlertDialog as ProgressDialog refer below code for the ProgressDialog. This function you need to call whenever you show a progress dialog.

Code:

    public void setProgressDialog() {

    int llPadding = 30;
    LinearLayout ll = new LinearLayout(this);
    ll.setOrientation(LinearLayout.HORIZONTAL);
    ll.setPadding(llPadding, llPadding, llPadding, llPadding);
    ll.setGravity(Gravity.CENTER);
    LinearLayout.LayoutParams llParam = new LinearLayout.LayoutParams(
            LinearLayout.LayoutParams.WRAP_CONTENT,
            LinearLayout.LayoutParams.WRAP_CONTENT);
    llParam.gravity = Gravity.CENTER;
    ll.setLayoutParams(llParam);

    ProgressBar progressBar = new ProgressBar(this);
    progressBar.setIndeterminate(true);
    progressBar.setPadding(0, 0, llPadding, 0);
    progressBar.setLayoutParams(llParam);

    llParam = new LinearLayout.LayoutParams(ViewGroup.LayoutParams.WRAP_CONTENT,
            ViewGroup.LayoutParams.WRAP_CONTENT);
    llParam.gravity = Gravity.CENTER;
    TextView tvText = new TextView(this);
    tvText.setText("Loading ...");
    tvText.setTextColor(Color.parseColor("#000000"));
    tvText.setTextSize(20);
    tvText.setLayoutParams(llParam);

    ll.addView(progressBar);
    ll.addView(tvText);

    AlertDialog.Builder builder = new AlertDialog.Builder(this);
    builder.setCancelable(true);
    builder.setView(ll);

    AlertDialog dialog = builder.create();
    dialog.show();
    Window window = dialog.getWindow();
    if (window != null) {
        WindowManager.LayoutParams layoutParams = new WindowManager.LayoutParams();
        layoutParams.copyFrom(dialog.getWindow().getAttributes());
        layoutParams.width = LinearLayout.LayoutParams.WRAP_CONTENT;
        layoutParams.height = LinearLayout.LayoutParams.WRAP_CONTENT;
        dialog.getWindow().setAttributes(layoutParams);
    }
}

Output:

enter image description here

Answer:

This class was deprecated in API level 26. ProgressDialog is a modal
dialog, which prevents the user from interacting with the app. Instead
of using this class, you should use a progress indicator like
ProgressBar, which can be embedded in your app’s UI. Alternatively,
you can use a notification to inform the user of the task’s progress. link

It’s deprecated at Android O because of Google new UI standard

Answer:

You can simply design an xml interface for your progressbar and pass it as a view to a AlertDialog, then show or dismiss the dialog anytime you want.

progress.xml

<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:orientation="horizontal"
    android:padding="13dp"
    android:layout_centerHorizontal="true"
    android:layout_width="wrap_content"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content">

    <ProgressBar
        android:id="@+id/loader"
        android:layout_marginEnd="5dp"
        android:layout_width="45dp"
        android:layout_height="45dp" />
    <TextView
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:text="Loading..."
        android:textAppearance="?android:textAppearanceSmall"
        android:layout_gravity="center_vertical"
        android:id="@+id/loading_msg"
        android:layout_toEndOf="@+id/loader"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content" />

</LinearLayout>

The code code that displays the progress dialog. Just copy this code and paste it your fragment.

   private void setDialog(boolean show){
        AlertDialog.Builder builder = new AlertDialog.Builder(getActivity());
        //View view = getLayoutInflater().inflate(R.layout.progress);
        builder.setView(R.layout.progress);
        Dialog dialog = builder.create();
        if (show)dialog.show();
        else dialog.dismiss();
    }

Then just call the method whenever you want to show the progressdialog and pass true as an argument to show it or false to dismiss the dialog.

Answer:

ProgressBar is very simple and easy to use,
i am intending to make this same as simple progress dialog.
first step is that you can make xml layout of the dialog that you want to show, let say we name this layout

layout_loading_dialog.xml

<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    android:orientation="horizontal"
    android:padding="20dp">
    <ProgressBar
        android:layout_width="0dp"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_weight="1" />

    <TextView
        android:layout_width="0dp"
        android:layout_height="match_parent"
        android:layout_weight="4"
        android:gravity="center"
        android:text="Please wait! This may take a moment." />
</LinearLayout>

next step is create AlertDialog which will show this layout with ProgressBar

AlertDialog.Builder builder = new AlertDialog.Builder(context);
builder.setCancelable(false); // if you want user to wait for some process to finish,
builder.setView(R.layout.layout_loading_dialog);
AlertDialog dialog = builder.create();

now all that is left is to show and hide this dialog in our click events
like this

dialog.show(); // to show this dialog
dialog.dismiss(); // to hide this dialog

and thats it, it should work, as you can see it is farely simple and easy to implement ProgressBar instead of ProgressDialog.
now you can show/dismiss this dialog box in either Handler or ASyncTask, its up to your need

Answer:

Yes, ProgressDialog is deprecated but Dialog isn’t.

You can inflate your own XML file ( containing a progress bar and a loading text) into your dialog object and then display or hide it using the show() and dismiss() functions.
Here is an example (Kotlin):

ProgressDialog class:

class ProgressDialog {
companion object {
    fun progressDialog(context: Context): Dialog{
        val dialog = Dialog(context)
        val inflate = LayoutInflater.from(context).inflate(R.layout.progress_dialog, null)
        dialog.setContentView(inflate)
        dialog.setCancelable(false)
        dialog.window!!.setBackgroundDrawable(
                ColorDrawable(Color.TRANSPARENT))
        return dialog
    }
  }
}

XML

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<RelativeLayout
xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android" android:layout_width="match_parent"
android:background="#fff"
android:padding="13dp"
android:layout_height="wrap_content">
<ProgressBar
    android:id="@+id/progressBar"
    style="?android:attr/progressBarStyle"
    android:layout_width="100dp"
    android:layout_margin="7dp"
    android:layout_height="100dp"
    android:layout_above="@+id/no_jobs_pickups"/>
<TextView
    android:layout_width="wrap_content"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    android:layout_centerVertical="true"
    android:layout_margin="7dp"
    android:layout_toEndOf="@+id/progressBar"
    android:text="Loading..." />
</RelativeLayout>

In your code:
Just do var dialog = ProgressDialog.progressDialog(context)

To show: dialog.show()

To hide: dialog.dismiss()

Answer:

Well if you really wants to go against their will, still you can use Sweet Alert Dialog or create one on your own.

progress_dialog_layout

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<RelativeLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent">

    <TableRow
        android:layout_centerInParent="true"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="64dp" >

        <ProgressBar
            android:id="@+id/progressBar2"
            style="?android:attr/progressBarStyle"
            android:layout_width="wrap_content"
            android:layout_height="match_parent" />

        <TextView
            android:gravity="center|left"
            android:id="@+id/textView9"
            android:layout_width="match_parent"
            android:layout_height="match_parent"
            android:textColor="@color/black"
            android:textSize="18sp"
            android:text="Downloading data. Please wait.." />
    </TableRow>
</RelativeLayout>

Java code:

AlertDialog b;
AlertDialog.Builder dialogBuilder;

public void ShowProgressDialog() {
dialogBuilder = new AlertDialog.Builder(DataDownloadActivity.this);
LayoutInflater inflater = (LayoutInflater) getSystemService( Context.LAYOUT_INFLATER_SERVICE );
            View dialogView = inflater.inflate(R.layout.progress_dialog_layout, null);
            dialogBuilder.setView(dialogView);
            dialogBuilder.setCancelable(false);
            b = dialogBuilder.create();
            b.show();
        }

        public void HideProgressDialog(){

            b.dismiss();
        }

Answer:

ProgressBar is best alternative for ProgressDialog.
A user interface element that indicates the progress of an operation.

For more info see this Google doc: https://developer.android.com/reference/android/widget/ProgressBar.html

Answer:

As mentioned on the documentation page the alternative is ProgressBar. ProgressDialog‘s look can be replicated by placing a ProgressBar into an AlertDialog.

You can still use it, but Android does not want you to use it, that is why it is deprecated. So you should consider solving your problem in another way, like embedding a ProgressBar into your Layout.

Answer:

ProgressDialog was deprecated in API level 26 .

"Deprecated" refers to functions or elements that are in the process of being replaced by newer ones.

ProgressDialog is a modal dialog, which prevents the user from interacting with
the app. Instead of using this class, you should use a progress
indicator like ProgressBar, which can be embedded in your app’s
UI.

Advantage

I would personally say that ProgressBar has the edge over the two .ProgressBar is a user interface element that indicates the progress of an operation. Display progress bars to a user in a non-interruptive way. Show the progress bar in your app’s user interface.

Answer:

You don’t need to import any custom library.

I prefer to use the modern AlertDialog so this is the Kotlin version for the great answer posted by Kishan Donga in this page.

Kotlin code:

fun setProgressDialog(context:Context, message:String):AlertDialog {
    val llPadding = 30
    val ll = LinearLayout(context)
    ll.orientation = LinearLayout.HORIZONTAL
    ll.setPadding(llPadding, llPadding, llPadding, llPadding)
    ll.gravity = Gravity.CENTER
    var llParam = LinearLayout.LayoutParams(
                  LinearLayout.LayoutParams.WRAP_CONTENT,
                  LinearLayout.LayoutParams.WRAP_CONTENT)
    llParam.gravity = Gravity.CENTER
    ll.layoutParams = llParam

    val progressBar = ProgressBar(context)
    progressBar.isIndeterminate = true
    progressBar.setPadding(0, 0, llPadding, 0)
    progressBar.layoutParams = llParam

    llParam = LinearLayout.LayoutParams(ViewGroup.LayoutParams.WRAP_CONTENT,
                        ViewGroup.LayoutParams.WRAP_CONTENT)
    llParam.gravity = Gravity.CENTER
    val tvText = TextView(context)
    tvText.text = message
    tvText.setTextColor(Color.parseColor("#000000"))
    tvText.textSize = 20.toFloat()
    tvText.layoutParams = llParam

    ll.addView(progressBar)
    ll.addView(tvText)

    val builder = AlertDialog.Builder(context)
    builder.setCancelable(true)
    builder.setView(ll)

    val dialog = builder.create()
    val window = dialog.window
    if (window != null) {
        val layoutParams = WindowManager.LayoutParams()
        layoutParams.copyFrom(dialog.window?.attributes)
        layoutParams.width = LinearLayout.LayoutParams.WRAP_CONTENT
        layoutParams.height = LinearLayout.LayoutParams.WRAP_CONTENT
                dialog.window?.attributes = layoutParams
    }
    return dialog
}

Usage:

val dialog = setProgressDialog(this, "Loading..")
dialog.show()

Output:

enter image description here

Answer:

You can use this class I wrote. It offers only the basic
functions. If you want a fully functional ProgressDialog, then use
this lightweight library.

Gradle Setup

Add the following dependency to module/build.gradle:

compile 'com.lmntrx.android.library.livin.missme:missme:0.1.5'

How to use it?

Usage is similar to original ProgressDialog

ProgressDialog progressDialog = new 
progressDialog(YourActivity.this);
progressDialog.setMessage("Please wait");
progressDialog.setCancelable(false);
progressDialog.show();
progressDialog.dismiss();

NB: You must override activity’s onBackPressed()

Java8 Implementation:

@Override
public void onBackPressed() {
    progressDialog.onBackPressed(
            () -> {
                super.onBackPressed();
                return null;
            }
    );
}

Kotlin Implementation:

override fun onBackPressed() {
   progressDialog.onBackPressed { super.onBackPressed() }
}
  • Refer Sample App for the full implementation
  • Full documentation can be found here

Answer:

Maybe this guide could help you.

Usually I prefer to make custom AlertDialogs with indicators. It solves such problems like customization of the App view.

Answer:

It may help to other people.

Lots of popular apps have the different approach to show the progress of anything like network request, file loading etc. Loading spinner doesn’t show the how much content has been loaded or remaining to load. There is a period of uncertainty which is bad in the perspective of UI/UX. Lot of popular apps(Facebook, Linkedin etc) has resolved this issue by showing the bare bones UI displays first. Then the loaded content is gradually populated on-screen.

I have used the shimmer for my apps to solve this issue.

There is a good article about this which will be beneficial for other people

Answer:

I use DelayedProgressDialog from https://github.com/Q115/DelayedProgressDialog It does the same as ProgressDialog with the added benefit of a delay if necessary.

Using it is similar to ProgressDialog before Android O:

DelayedProgressDialog progressDialog = new DelayedProgressDialog();
progressDialog.show(getSupportFragmentManager(), "tag");

Answer:

In the progress dialog, user cannot do any kind of work. All the background processes are stopped during progress dialog. So, It is advisable to user progress-bar instead of progress dialog.

Answer:

You can use SpotDialog by using the library wasabeef you can find the complete tutorial from the following link:

SpotsDialog Example in Android