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android – react-native :app:installDebug FAILED

Posted by: admin April 23, 2020 Leave a comment


Install APK debug to my device failed.

jianglinghuadeMacBook-Pro:hello jianglinghua$ react-native run-android
JS server already running.
Building and installing the app on the device (cd android && ./gradlew installDebug...
WARNING [Project: :app] Current NDK support is deprecated.  Alternative will be provided in the future.
:app:preBuild UP-TO-DATE
:app:assembleDebug UP-TO-DATE
Installing APK 'app-debug.apk' on 'MI NOTE LTE - 6.0.1'
Unable to install /Users/jianglinghua/Desktop/hello/android/app/build/outputs/apk/app-debug.apk
com.android.ddmlib.InstallException: Failed to establish session
    at com.android.ddmlib.Device.installPackages(Device.java:894)
    at org.gradle.wrapper.GradleWrapperMain.main(GradleWrapperMain.java:61)
:app:installDebug FAILED

FAILURE: Build failed with an exception.

* What went wrong:
Execution failed for task ':app:installDebug'.
> com.android.builder.testing.api.DeviceException: com.android.ddmlib.InstallException: Failed to establish session

* Try:
Run with --stacktrace option to get the stack trace. Run with --info or --debug option to get more log output.


Total time: 13.945 secs

Could not install the app on the device, read the error above for details.
Make sure you have an Android emulator running or a device connected and have
set up your Android development environment:

I look at my devices

jianglinghuadeMacBook-Pro:hello jianglinghua$ adb devices
List of devices attached
98333978    device
How to&Answers:

Since you are using Mi phone which has MIUI

try this

go to Developer options, scroll down to find ‘Turn on MIUI optimization’ & disable it. Your Phone will be rebooted

check now


I got the same problem and did some research. This problem happens a lot on Chinese android phones.

It was solved by change the gradle version to 1.2.3 in file android/build.gradle line 8

classpath 'com.android.tools.build:gradle:1.2.3'


  1. Go to android/build.gradle, change

    classpath 'com.android.tools.build:gradle:2.2.3'

    classpath 'com.android.tools.build:gradle:1.2.3'

  2. Then, go to
    change distributionURL to https://services.gradle.org/distributions/gradle-2.2-all.zip

  3. Run again.


I had this issue. Mine worked on the emulator well but it didn’t work on the device and the error was

app:installDebug FAILED.

If you have a different app with the same name (or package name) on the device:
Rename the app or delete it from your device.


If none of the above solutions works then try the following steps to cold boot the emulator

open AVD manager -> Edit device -> Show Advanced Settings -> Boot option -> select Cold Boot instead of Quick boot.


on my android device, the problem was about the previous build versions of the application that I had installed on my phone before.
the following steps solved my problem:

  1. removing any previous build of the application, including debugging version and signed apk version

  2. on the root directory of your project, run (on windows):

    cd android

    .\gradlew clean

    cd ..

    npm cache clean --force

  3. reboot your android device

hope this help you too.


In my case (with React Native), my Android phone was unrecognized by my PC where I was running the server, which can be seen by the message:

* What went wrong:
Execution failed for task ':app:installDebug'.
> com.android.builder.testing.api.DeviceException: No online devices found.

If that is the case, as highlighted in ADB Android Device Unauthorized, make sure that in Developer Options on your phone USB Debugging is set to true, and enter the following commands in terminal or cmd to restart the Android server.

adb kill-server
adb start-server

And adb devices should list your phone as device instead of unauthorized


I also got troubles with app using gradle 2.14, though with gradle 4 it’s ok. By using –deviceID flag app instals without any issue.

react-native run-android --deviceId=mydeviceid


In my case, i had the app downloaded from PlayStore and i was trying to debug the apk with the same name. I just uninstalled the apk and debugged successfully.


I couldn’t get it to work with a hardware device. I kept getting the same error, but…

For your emulator you have to choose the IntelX86 Atom System image. Then ADB will connect to your emulator and it will properly install the installDebug.apk.

This is what I had to do.

Also look at this tutorial. It helped me immensely.



I had this problem and I removed the apk file from my android device/emulator and then run react-native run-android and run successfuly .


This works for me

  1. Uninstall the app from your phone
  2. cd android
  3. gradlew clean
  4. cd ..
  5. react-native run-android


I had the same issue with wrong AVD settings.
Probably, “Target Android 6.0” was wrong choice.

Next settings were changed to fix “:app:installDebug FAILED” issue:
System Image: Marshmallow , API 23, ABI x86, Target Google API.

see the detail information about this here:
RN Android Setup


Previously, I had installed npm and then installed yarn, and that is when I started to have problems compiling, even when creating new projects with react-native init . Uninstalling yarn, I was able to create and compile.


On MIUI , inside developer option by default “Install via USB” is disabled.Enable it and than it allows installing app via usb.


Just lock and unlock the android solved my issue then

adb reverse tcp:8081 tcp:8081


I got the same error but the issue was I did on the USB Debugging after unable this is working for me.


enter image description here


In my case, I did not have enough space on my device to install the app,
so I cleared up some space and tried again


open avd manager click on the arrow next to the pencil icon and wipe data works for me…