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android – RecyclerView – How to smooth scroll to top of item on a certain position?

Posted by: admin March 11, 2020 Leave a comment

Questions:

On a RecyclerView, I am able to suddenly scroll to the top of a selected item by using:

((LinearLayoutManager) recyclerView.getLayoutManager()).scrollToPositionWithOffset(position, 0);

However, this abruptly moves the item to the top position. I want to move to the top of an item smoothly.

I’ve also tried:

recyclerView.smoothScrollToPosition(position);

but it does not work well as it does not move the item to the position selected to the top. It merely scrolls the list until the item on the position is visible.

How to&Answers:

RecyclerView is designed to be extensible, so there is no need to subclass the LayoutManager (as droidev suggested) just to perform the scrolling.

Instead, just create a SmoothScroller with the preference SNAP_TO_START:

RecyclerView.SmoothScroller smoothScroller = new LinearSmoothScroller(context) {
  @Override protected int getVerticalSnapPreference() {
    return LinearSmoothScroller.SNAP_TO_START;
  }
};

Now you set the position where you want to scroll to:

smoothScroller.setTargetPosition(position);

and pass that SmoothScroller to the LayoutManager:

layoutManager.startSmoothScroll(smoothScroller);

Answer:

for this you have to create a custom LayoutManager

public class LinearLayoutManagerWithSmoothScroller extends LinearLayoutManager {

    public LinearLayoutManagerWithSmoothScroller(Context context) {
        super(context, VERTICAL, false);
    }

    public LinearLayoutManagerWithSmoothScroller(Context context, int orientation, boolean reverseLayout) {
        super(context, orientation, reverseLayout);
    }

    @Override
    public void smoothScrollToPosition(RecyclerView recyclerView, RecyclerView.State state,
                                       int position) {
        RecyclerView.SmoothScroller smoothScroller = new TopSnappedSmoothScroller(recyclerView.getContext());
        smoothScroller.setTargetPosition(position);
        startSmoothScroll(smoothScroller);
    }

    private class TopSnappedSmoothScroller extends LinearSmoothScroller {
        public TopSnappedSmoothScroller(Context context) {
            super(context);

        }

        @Override
        public PointF computeScrollVectorForPosition(int targetPosition) {
            return LinearLayoutManagerWithSmoothScroller.this
                    .computeScrollVectorForPosition(targetPosition);
        }

        @Override
        protected int getVerticalSnapPreference() {
            return SNAP_TO_START;
        }
    }
}

use this for your RecyclerView and call smoothScrollToPosition.

example :

 recyclerView.setLayoutManager(new LinearLayoutManagerWithSmoothScroller(context));
 recyclerView.smoothScrollToPosition(position);

this will scroll to top of the RecyclerView item of specified position.

hope this helps.

Answer:

This is an extension function I wrote in Kotlin to use with the RecyclerView (based on @Paul Woitaschek answer):

fun RecyclerView.smoothSnapToPosition(position: Int, snapMode: Int = LinearSmoothScroller.SNAP_TO_START) {
  val smoothScroller = object : LinearSmoothScroller(this.context) {
    override fun getVerticalSnapPreference(): Int = snapMode
    override fun getHorizontalSnapPreference(): Int = snapMode
  }
  smoothScroller.targetPosition = position
  layoutManager?.startSmoothScroll(smoothScroller)
}

Use it like this:

myRecyclerView.smoothSnapToPosition(itemPosition)

Answer:

We can try like this

    recyclerView.getLayoutManager().smoothScrollToPosition(recyclerView,new RecyclerView.State(), recyclerView.getAdapter().getItemCount());

Answer:

Override the calculateDyToMakeVisible/calculateDxToMakeVisible function in LinearSmoothScroller to implement the offset Y/X position

override fun calculateDyToMakeVisible(view: View, snapPreference: Int): Int {
    return super.calculateDyToMakeVisible(view, snapPreference) - ConvertUtils.dp2px(10f)
}

Answer:

The easiest way I’ve found to scroll a RecyclerView is as follows:

// Define the Index we wish to scroll to.
final int lIndex = 0;
// Assign the RecyclerView's LayoutManager.
this.getRecyclerView().setLayoutManager(this.getLinearLayoutManager());
// Scroll the RecyclerView to the Index.
this.getLinearLayoutManager().smoothScrollToPosition(this.getRecyclerView(), new RecyclerView.State(), lIndex);

Answer:

i Used Like This :

recyclerView.getLayoutManager().smoothScrollToPosition(recyclerView, new RecyclerView.State(), 5);

Answer:

Thanks, @droidev for the solution. If anyone looking for Kotlin solution, refer this:

    class LinearLayoutManagerWithSmoothScroller: LinearLayoutManager {
    constructor(context: Context) : this(context, VERTICAL,false)
    constructor(context: Context, orientation: Int, reverseValue: Boolean) : super(context, orientation, reverseValue)

    override fun smoothScrollToPosition(recyclerView: RecyclerView?, state: RecyclerView.State?, position: Int) {
        super.smoothScrollToPosition(recyclerView, state, position)
        val smoothScroller = TopSnappedSmoothScroller(recyclerView?.context)
        smoothScroller.targetPosition = position
        startSmoothScroll(smoothScroller)
    }

    private class TopSnappedSmoothScroller(context: Context?) : LinearSmoothScroller(context){
        var mContext = context
        override fun computeScrollVectorForPosition(targetPosition: Int): PointF? {
            return LinearLayoutManagerWithSmoothScroller(mContext as Context)
                    .computeScrollVectorForPosition(targetPosition)
        }

        override fun getVerticalSnapPreference(): Int {
            return SNAP_TO_START
        }


    }

}

Answer:

  1. Extend “LinearLayout” class and override the necessary functions
  2. Create an instance of the above class in your fragment or activity
  3. Call “recyclerView.smoothScrollToPosition(targetPosition)

CustomLinearLayout.kt :

class CustomLayoutManager(private val context: Context, layoutDirection: Int):
  LinearLayoutManager(context, layoutDirection, false) {

    companion object {
      // This determines how smooth the scrolling will be
      private
      const val MILLISECONDS_PER_INCH = 300f
    }

    override fun smoothScrollToPosition(recyclerView: RecyclerView, state: RecyclerView.State, position: Int) {

      val smoothScroller: LinearSmoothScroller = object: LinearSmoothScroller(context) {

        fun dp2px(dpValue: Float): Int {
          val scale = context.resources.displayMetrics.density
          return (dpValue * scale + 0.5f).toInt()
        }

        // change this and the return super type to "calculateDyToMakeVisible" if the layout direction is set to VERTICAL
        override fun calculateDxToMakeVisible(view: View ? , snapPreference : Int): Int {
          return super.calculateDxToMakeVisible(view, SNAP_TO_END) - dp2px(50f)
        }

        //This controls the direction in which smoothScroll looks for your view
        override fun computeScrollVectorForPosition(targetPosition: Int): PointF ? {
          return this @CustomLayoutManager.computeScrollVectorForPosition(targetPosition)
        }

        //This returns the milliseconds it takes to scroll one pixel.
        override fun calculateSpeedPerPixel(displayMetrics: DisplayMetrics): Float {
          return MILLISECONDS_PER_INCH / displayMetrics.densityDpi
        }
      }
      smoothScroller.targetPosition = position
      startSmoothScroll(smoothScroller)
    }
  }

Note: The above example is set to HORIZONTAL direction, you can pass VERTICAL/HORIZONTAL during initialization.

If you set the direction to VERTICAL you should change the “calculateDxToMakeVisible” to “calculateDyToMakeVisible” (also mind the supertype call return value)

Activity/Fragment.kt :

...
smoothScrollerLayoutManager = CustomLayoutManager(context, LinearLayoutManager.HORIZONTAL)
recyclerView.layoutManager = smoothScrollerLayoutManager
.
.
.
fun onClick() {
  // targetPosition passed from the adapter to activity/fragment
  recyclerView.smoothScrollToPosition(targetPosition)
}

Answer:

Probably @droidev approach is the correct one, but I just want to publish something a little bit different, which does basically the same job and doesn’t require extension of the LayoutManager.

A NOTE here – this is gonna work well if your item (the one that you want to scroll on the top of the list) is visible on the screen and you just want to scroll it to the top automatically. It is useful when the last item in your list has some action, which adds new items in the same list and you want to focus the user on the new added items:

int recyclerViewTop = recyclerView.getTop();
int positionTop = recyclerView.findViewHolderForAdapterPosition(positionToScroll) != null ? recyclerView.findViewHolderForAdapterPosition(positionToScroll).itemView.getTop() : 200;
final int calcOffset = positionTop - recyclerViewTop; 
//then the actual scroll is gonna happen with (x offset = 0) and (y offset = calcOffset)
recyclerView.scrollBy(0, offset);

The idea is simple:
1. We need to get the top coordinate of the recyclerview element;
2. We need to get the top coordinate of the view item that we want to scroll to the top;
3. At the end with the calculated offset we need to do

recyclerView.scrollBy(0, offset);

200 is just example hard coded integer value that you can use if the viewholder item doesn’t exist, because that is possible as well.

Answer:

I want to more fully address the issue of scroll duration, which, should you choose any earlier answer, will in fact will vary dramatically (and unacceptably) according to the amount of scrolling necessary to reach the target position from the current position .

To obtain a uniform scroll duration the velocity (pixels per millisecond) must account for the size of each individual item – and when the items are of non-standard dimension then a whole new level of complexity is added.

This may be why the RecyclerView developers deployed the too-hard basket for this vital aspect of smooth scrolling.

Assuming that you want a semi-uniform scroll duration, and that your list contains semi-uniform items then you will need something like this.

/** Smoothly scroll to specified position allowing for interval specification. <br>
 * Note crude deceleration towards end of scroll
 * @param rv        Your RecyclerView
 * @param toPos     Position to scroll to
 * @param duration  Approximate desired duration of scroll (ms)
 * @throws IllegalArgumentException */
private static void smoothScroll(RecyclerView rv, int toPos, int duration) throws IllegalArgumentException {
    int TARGET_SEEK_SCROLL_DISTANCE_PX = 10000;     // See androidx.recyclerview.widget.LinearSmoothScroller
    int itemHeight = rv.getChildAt(0).getHeight();  // Height of first visible view! NB: ViewGroup method!
    itemHeight = itemHeight + 33;                   // Example pixel Adjustment for decoration?
    int fvPos = ((LinearLayoutManager)rv.getLayoutManager()).findFirstCompletelyVisibleItemPosition();
    int i = Math.abs((fvPos - toPos) * itemHeight);
    if (i == 0) { i = (int) Math.abs(rv.getChildAt(0).getY()); }
    final int totalPix = i;                         // Best guess: Total number of pixels to scroll
    RecyclerView.SmoothScroller smoothScroller = new LinearSmoothScroller(rv.getContext()) {
        @Override protected int getVerticalSnapPreference() {
            return LinearSmoothScroller.SNAP_TO_START;
        }
        @Override protected int calculateTimeForScrolling(int dx) {
            int ms = (int) ( duration * dx / (float)totalPix );
            // Now double the interval for the last fling.
            if (dx < TARGET_SEEK_SCROLL_DISTANCE_PX ) { ms = ms*2; } // Crude deceleration!
            //lg(format("For dx=%d we allot %dms", dx, ms));
            return ms;
        }
    };
    //lg(format("Total pixels from = %d to %d = %d [ itemHeight=%dpix ]", fvPos, toPos, totalPix, itemHeight));
    smoothScroller.setTargetPosition(toPos);
    rv.getLayoutManager().startSmoothScroll(smoothScroller);
}

PS: I curse the day I began indiscriminately converting ListView to RecyclerView.