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Android: Share plain text using intent (to all messaging apps)

Posted by: admin November 29, 2017 Leave a comment

Questions:

I’m trying to share some text using an intent:

Intent i = new Intent(android.content.Intent.ACTION_SEND);
i.setType("text/plain");  
i.putExtra(android.content.Intent.EXTRA_TEXT, "TEXT");

and warping with chooser:

startActivity(Intent.createChooser(sms, getResources().getString(R.string.share_using)));

it works! but only for email app.
what I need is a general intent for all messaging app: emails, sms, IM (Whatsapp, Viber, Gmail, SMS…)
tried using android.content.Intent.ACTION_VIEW
and tried using i.setType("vnd.android-dir/mms-sms"); nothing helped…

("vnd.android-dir/mms-sms" shared using sms only!)

Answers:

Use the code as:

String shareBody = "Here is the share content body";
    Intent sharingIntent = new Intent(android.content.Intent.ACTION_SEND);
        sharingIntent.setType("text/plain");
        sharingIntent.putExtra(android.content.Intent.EXTRA_SUBJECT, "Subject Here");
        sharingIntent.putExtra(android.content.Intent.EXTRA_TEXT, shareBody);
        startActivity(Intent.createChooser(sharingIntent, getResources().getString(R.string.share_using)));

Questions:
Answers:

New way of doing this would be using ShareCompat.IntentBuilder like so:

// Create and fire off our Intent in one fell swoop
ShareCompat.IntentBuilder
        // getActivity() or activity field if within Fragment
        .from(this) 
        // The text that will be shared
        .setText(textToShare)
        // most general text sharing MIME type
        .setType("text/plain") 
        .setStream(uriToContentThatMatchesTheArgumentOfSetType)
        /*
         * [OPTIONAL] Designate a URI to share. Your type that 
         * is set above will have to match the type of data
         * that your designating with this URI. Not sure
         * exactly what happens if you don't do that, but 
         * let's not find out.
         * 
         * For example, to share an image, you'd do the following:
         *     File imageFile = ...;
         *     Uri uriToImage = ...; // Convert the File to URI
         *     Intent shareImage = ShareCompat.IntentBuilder.from(activity)
         *       .setType("image/png")
         *       .setStream(uriToImage)
         *       .getIntent();
         */
        .setEmailTo(arrayOfStringEmailAddresses)
        .setEmailTo(singleStringEmailAddress)
        /*
         * [OPTIONAL] Designate the email recipients as an array
         * of Strings or a single String
         */ 
        .setEmailTo(arrayOfStringEmailAddresses)
        .setEmailTo(singleStringEmailAddress)
        /*
         * [OPTIONAL] Designate the email addresses that will be 
         * BCC'd on an email as an array of Strings or a single String
         */ 
        .addEmailBcc(arrayOfStringEmailAddresses)
        .addEmailBcc(singleStringEmailAddress)
        /* 
         * The title of the chooser that the system will show
         * to allow the user to select an app
         */
        .setChooserTitle(yourChooserTitle)
        .startChooser();

If you have any more questions about using ShareCompat, I highly recommend this great article from Ian Lake, an Android Developer Advocate at Google, for a more complete breakdown of the API. As you’ll notice, I borrowed some of this example from that article.

If that article doesn’t answer all of your questions, there is always the Javadoc itself for ShareCompat.IntentBuilder on the Android Developers website. I added more to this example of the API’s usage on the basis of clemantiano’s comment.

Questions:
Answers:

This a great example about share with Intents in Android:

* Share with Intents in Android

//Share text:

Intent intent2 = new Intent(); intent2.setAction(Intent.ACTION_SEND);
intent2.setType("text/plain");
intent2.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_TEXT, "Your text here" );  
startActivity(Intent.createChooser(intent2, "Share via"));

//via Email:

Intent intent2 = new Intent();
intent2.setAction(Intent.ACTION_SEND);
intent2.setType("message/rfc822");
intent2.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_EMAIL, new String[]{EMAIL1, EMAIL2});
intent2.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_SUBJECT, "Email Subject");
intent2.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_TEXT, "Your text here" );  
startActivity(intent2);

//Share Files:

//Image:

boolean isPNG = (path.toLowerCase().endsWith(".png")) ? true : false;

Intent i = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SEND);
//Set type of file
if(isPNG)
{
    i.setType("image/png");//With png image file or set "image/*" type
}
else
{
    i.setType("image/jpeg");
}

Uri imgUri = Uri.fromFile(new File(path));//Absolute Path of image
i.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_STREAM, imgUri);//Uri of image
startActivity(Intent.createChooser(i, "Share via"));
break;

//APK:

File f = new File(path1);
if(f.exists())
{

   Intent intent2 = new Intent();
   intent2.setAction(Intent.ACTION_SEND);
   intent2.setType("application/vnd.android.package-archive");//APk file type  
   intent2.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_STREAM, Uri.fromFile(f) );  
   startActivity(Intent.createChooser(intent2, "Share via"));
}
break;

Questions:
Answers:

Use below method, just pass the subject and body as arguments of the
method

public static void shareText(String subject,String body) {
    Intent txtIntent = new Intent(android.content.Intent.ACTION_SEND);
    txtIntent .setType("text/plain");
    txtIntent .putExtra(android.content.Intent.EXTRA_SUBJECT, subject);
    txtIntent .putExtra(android.content.Intent.EXTRA_TEXT, body);
    startActivity(Intent.createChooser(txtIntent ,"Share"));
}

Questions:
Answers:

Below is the code that works with both the email or messaging app.
If you share through email then the subject and body both are added.

Intent sharingIntent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SEND);
                sharingIntent.setType("text/plain");

                String shareString = Html.fromHtml("Medicine Name:" + medicine_name +
                        "<p>Store Name:" + “store_name “+ "</p>" +
                        "<p>Store Address:" + “store_address” + "</p>")  .toString();
                                      sharingIntent.putExtra(android.content.Intent.EXTRA_SUBJECT, "Medicine Enquiry");
                sharingIntent.putExtra(android.content.Intent.EXTRA_TEXT, shareString);

                if (sharingIntent.resolveActivity(context.getPackageManager()) != null)
                    context.startActivity(Intent.createChooser(sharingIntent, "Share using"));
                else {
                    Toast.makeText(context, "No app found on your phone which can perform this action", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
                }

Questions:
Answers:

This code is for sharing through sms

     String smsBody="Sms Body";
     Intent sendIntent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW);
     sendIntent.putExtra("sms_body", smsBody);
     sendIntent.setType("vnd.android-dir/mms-sms");
     startActivity(sendIntent);

Questions:
Answers:

Images or binary data:

Intent sharingIntent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SEND);
sharingIntent.setType("image/jpg");
Uri uri = Uri.fromFile(new File(getFilesDir(), "foo.jpg"));
sharingIntent.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_STREAM, uri.toString());
startActivity(Intent.createChooser(sharingIntent, "Share image using"));

or HTML:

Intent sharingIntent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SEND);
sharingIntent.setType("text/html");
sharingIntent.putExtra(android.content.Intent.EXTRA_TEXT, Html.fromHtml("<p>This is the text shared.</p>"));
startActivity(Intent.createChooser(sharingIntent,"Share using"));