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android – Show and hide a View with a slide up/down animation

Posted by: admin March 10, 2020 Leave a comment

Questions:

I have a LinearLayout that I want to show or hide with an Animation that pushes the layout upwards or downwards whenever I change its visibility.

I’ve seen a few samples out there but none of them suit my needs.

I have created two xml files for the animations but I do not know how to start them when I change the visibility of a LinearLayout.

How to&Answers:

With the new animation API that was introduced in Android 3.0 (Honeycomb) it is very simple to create such animations.

Sliding a View down by a distance:

view.animate().translationY(distance);

You can later slide the View back to its original position like this:

view.animate().translationY(0);

You can also easily combine multiple animations. The following animation will slide a View down by its height and fade it in at the same time:

// Prepare the View for the animation
view.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
view.setAlpha(0.0f);

// Start the animation
view.animate()
    .translationY(view.getHeight())
    .alpha(1.0f)
    .setListener(null);

You can then fade the View back out and slide it back to its original position. We also set an AnimatorListener so we can set the visibility of the View back to GONE once the animation is finished:

view.animate()
    .translationY(0)
    .alpha(0.0f)
    .setListener(new AnimatorListenerAdapter() {
        @Override
        public void onAnimationEnd(Animator animation) {
            super.onAnimationEnd(animation);
            view.setVisibility(View.GONE);
        }
    });

Answer:

I was having troubles understanding an applying the accepted answer. I needed a little more context. Now that I have figured it out, here is a full example:

enter image description here

MainActivity.java

public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity {

    Button myButton;
    View myView;
    boolean isUp;

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);

        myView = findViewById(R.id.my_view);
        myButton = findViewById(R.id.my_button);

        // initialize as invisible (could also do in xml)
        myView.setVisibility(View.INVISIBLE);
        myButton.setText("Slide up");
        isUp = false;
    }

    // slide the view from below itself to the current position
    public void slideUp(View view){
        view.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
        TranslateAnimation animate = new TranslateAnimation(
                0,                 // fromXDelta
                0,                 // toXDelta
                view.getHeight(),  // fromYDelta
                0);                // toYDelta
        animate.setDuration(500);
        animate.setFillAfter(true);
        view.startAnimation(animate);
    }

    // slide the view from its current position to below itself
    public void slideDown(View view){
        TranslateAnimation animate = new TranslateAnimation(
                0,                 // fromXDelta
                0,                 // toXDelta
                0,                 // fromYDelta
                view.getHeight()); // toYDelta
        animate.setDuration(500);
        animate.setFillAfter(true);
        view.startAnimation(animate);
    }

    public void onSlideViewButtonClick(View view) {
        if (isUp) {
            slideDown(myView);
            myButton.setText("Slide up");
        } else {
            slideUp(myView);
            myButton.setText("Slide down");
        }
        isUp = !isUp;
    }
}

activity_mail.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<RelativeLayout
    xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    tools:context="com.example.slideview.MainActivity">

    <Button
        android:id="@+id/my_button"
        android:layout_centerHorizontal="true"
        android:layout_marginTop="100dp"
        android:onClick="onSlideViewButtonClick"
        android:layout_width="150dp"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"/>

    <LinearLayout
        android:id="@+id/my_view"
        android:background="#a6e1aa"
        android:orientation="vertical"
        android:layout_alignParentBottom="true"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="200dp">

    </LinearLayout>

</RelativeLayout>

Notes

  • Thanks to this article for pointing me in the right direction. It was more helpful than the other answers on this page.
  • If you want to start with the view on screen, then don’t initialize it as INVISIBLE.
  • Since we are animating it completely off screen, there is no need to set it back to INVISIBLE. If you are not animating completely off screen, though, then you can add an alpha animation and set the visibility with an AnimatorListenerAdapter.
  • Property Animation docs

Answer:

Easiest solution: set android:animateLayoutChanges="true" on the container holding your views.

To put it into some context: If you have a layout like below, all visibility changes to the views in this container will be animated automatically.

<LinearLayout android:id="@+id/container"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:animateLayoutChanges="true"
    >

    <Views_which_change_visibility>

</LinearLayout>

You can find more details about this on Animating Layout Changes – Android Developer

Answer:

Now visibility change animations should be done via Transition API which available in support (androidx) package. Just call TransitionManager.beginDelayedTransition method with Slide transition then change visibility of the view.

enter image description here

import androidx.transition.Slide;
import androidx.transition.Transition;
import androidx.transition.TransitionManager;

private void toggle(boolean show) {
    View redLayout = findViewById(R.id.redLayout);
    ViewGroup parent = findViewById(R.id.parent);

    Transition transition = new Slide(Gravity.BOTTOM);
    transition.setDuration(600);
    transition.addTarget(R.id.redLayout);

    TransitionManager.beginDelayedTransition(parent, transition);
    redLayout.setVisibility(show ? View.VISIBLE : View.GONE);
}

activity_main.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<RelativeLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:id="@+id/parent"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:orientation="vertical">

    <Button
        android:id="@+id/btn"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:text="play" />

    <LinearLayout
        android:id="@+id/redLayout"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="400dp"
        android:background="#5f00"
        android:layout_alignParentBottom="true" />
</RelativeLayout>

Check this answer with another default and custom transition examples.

Answer:

You can start the correct Animation when the visibility of the LinearLayout changes by creating a new subclass of LinearLayout and overriding setVisibility() to start the Animations. Consider something like this:

public class SimpleViewAnimator extends LinearLayout
{
    private Animation inAnimation;
    private Animation outAnimation;

    public SimpleViewAnimator(Context context)
    {
        super(context);
    }

    public void setInAnimation(Animation inAnimation)
    {
        this.inAnimation = inAnimation;
    }

    public void setOutAnimation(Animation outAnimation)
    {
        this.outAnimation = outAnimation;
    }

    @Override
    public void setVisibility(int visibility)
    {
        if (getVisibility() != visibility)
        {
            if (visibility == VISIBLE)
            {
                if (inAnimation != null) startAnimation(inAnimation);
            }
            else if ((visibility == INVISIBLE) || (visibility == GONE))
            {
                if (outAnimation != null) startAnimation(outAnimation);
            }
        }

        super.setVisibility(visibility);
    }
}

Answer:

Kotlin

Based on Suragch‘s answer, here is an elegant way using View extension:

fun View.slideUp(duration: Int = 500) {
    visibility = View.VISIBLE
    val animate = TranslateAnimation(0f, 0f, this.height.toFloat(), 0f)
    animate.duration = duration.toLong()
    animate.fillAfter = true
    this.startAnimation(animate)
}

fun View.slideDown(duration: Int = 500) {
    visibility = View.VISIBLE
    val animate = TranslateAnimation(0f, 0f, 0f, this.height.toFloat())
    animate.duration = duration.toLong()
    animate.fillAfter = true
    this.startAnimation(animate)
}

And then wherever you want to use it, you just need myView.slideUp() or myView.slideDown()

Answer:

if (filter_section.getVisibility() == View.GONE) {
    filter_section.animate()
            .translationY(filter_section.getHeight()).alpha(1.0f)
            .setListener(new AnimatorListenerAdapter() {
                @Override
                public void onAnimationStart(Animator animation) {
                    super.onAnimationStart(animation);
                    filter_section.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
                    filter_section.setAlpha(0.0f);
                }
            });
} else {
    filter_section.animate()
            .translationY(0).alpha(0.0f)
            .setListener(new AnimatorListenerAdapter() {
                @Override
                public void onAnimationEnd(Animator animation) {
                    super.onAnimationEnd(animation);
                    filter_section.setVisibility(View.GONE);
                }
            });
}

Answer:

you can slide up and down any view or layout by using bellow code in android app

boolean isClicked=false;
LinearLayout mLayoutTab = (LinearLayout)findViewById(R.id.linearlayout);

        if(isClicked){
                    isClicked = false;
                    mLayoutTab.animate()
                    .translationYBy(120)
                    .translationY(0)     
                    .setDuration(getResources().getInteger(android.R.integer.config_mediumAnimTime));

        }else{
                isClicked = true;
                mLayoutTab.animate()
                .translationYBy(0)
                .translationY(120)
                .setDuration(getResources().getInteger(android.R.integer.config_mediumAnimTime));
                }

Answer:

Use this class:

public class ExpandCollapseExtention {

 public static void expand(View view) {
    view.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);

    final int widthSpec = View.MeasureSpec.makeMeasureSpec(0, View.MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED);
    final int heightSpec = View.MeasureSpec.makeMeasureSpec(0, View.MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED);
    view.measure(widthSpec, heightSpec);

    ValueAnimator mAnimator = slideAnimator(view, 0, view.getMeasuredHeight());
    mAnimator.start();
}


public static void collapse(final View view) {
    int finalHeight = view.getHeight();

    ValueAnimator mAnimator = slideAnimator(view, finalHeight, 0);

    mAnimator.addListener(new Animator.AnimatorListener() {

        @Override
        public void onAnimationEnd(Animator animator) {               
            view.setVisibility(View.GONE);
        }


        @Override
        public void onAnimationStart(Animator animation) {

        }


        @Override
        public void onAnimationCancel(Animator animation) {

        }


        @Override
        public void onAnimationRepeat(Animator animation) {

        }
    });
    mAnimator.start();
}


private static ValueAnimator slideAnimator(final View v, int start, int end) {

    ValueAnimator animator = ValueAnimator.ofInt(start, end);

    animator.addUpdateListener(new ValueAnimator.AnimatorUpdateListener() {

        @Override
        public void onAnimationUpdate(ValueAnimator valueAnimator) {

            int value = (Integer) valueAnimator.getAnimatedValue();
            ViewGroup.LayoutParams layoutParams = v.getLayoutParams();
            layoutParams.height = value;
            v.setLayoutParams(layoutParams);
        }
    });
    return animator;
}
}

Answer:

I had a corner case where my view’s height was still zero so…

import android.animation.Animator;
import android.animation.AnimatorListenerAdapter;
import android.view.View;

public final class AnimationUtils {

  public static void slideDown(final View view) {
        view.animate()
                .translationY(view.getHeight())
                .alpha(0.f)
                .setListener(new AnimatorListenerAdapter() {
                    @Override
                    public void onAnimationEnd(Animator animation) {
                        // superfluous restoration
                        view.setVisibility(View.GONE);
                        view.setAlpha(1.f);
                        view.setTranslationY(0.f);
                    }
                });
    }

    public static void slideUp(final View view) {
        view.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
        view.setAlpha(0.f);

        if (view.getHeight() > 0) {
            slideUpNow(view);
        } else {
            // wait till height is measured
            view.post(new Runnable() {
                @Override
                public void run() {
                    slideUpNow(view);
                }
            });
        }
    }

    private static void slideUpNow(final View view) {
        view.setTranslationY(view.getHeight());
        view.animate()
                .translationY(0)
                .alpha(1.f)
                .setListener(new AnimatorListenerAdapter() {
                    @Override
                    public void onAnimationEnd(Animator animation) {
                        view.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
                        view.setAlpha(1.f);
                    }
                });
    }

}

Answer:

Here is my solution. Just get a reference to your view and call this method:

public static void animateViewFromBottomToTop(final View view){

    view.getViewTreeObserver().addOnGlobalLayoutListener(new ViewTreeObserver.OnGlobalLayoutListener() {

        @Override
        public void onGlobalLayout() {

            view.getViewTreeObserver().removeOnGlobalLayoutListener(this);

            final int TRANSLATION_Y = view.getHeight();
            view.setTranslationY(TRANSLATION_Y);
            view.setVisibility(View.GONE);
            view.animate()
                .translationYBy(-TRANSLATION_Y)
                .setDuration(500)
                .setStartDelay(200)
                .setListener(new AnimatorListenerAdapter() {

                    @Override
                    public void onAnimationStart(final Animator animation) {

                        view.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
                    }
                })
                .start();
        }
    });
}

No need to do anything else =)

Answer:

Suragch’s answer in Kotlin. This worked for me.

class MainActivity : AppCompatActivity() {

var isUp: Boolean = false

override fun onCreate(savedInstanceState: Bundle?) {
    super.onCreate(savedInstanceState)
    setContentView(R.layout.activity_main)

    var myView: View = findViewById(R.id.my_view)
    var myButton: Button = findViewById(R.id.my_button)

    //Initialize as invisible
    myView.visibility = View.INVISIBLE
    myButton.setText("Slide up")

    isUp = false

}


fun View.slideUp(duration: Int = 500){
    visibility = View.VISIBLE
    val animate = TranslateAnimation(0f, 0f, this.height.toFloat(), 0f)
    animate.duration = duration.toLong()
    animate.fillAfter = true
    this.startAnimation(animate)
}

fun View.slideDown(duration: Int = 500) {
    visibility = View.VISIBLE
    val animate = TranslateAnimation(0f, 0f, 0f, this.height.toFloat())
    animate.duration = duration.toLong()
    animate.fillAfter = true
    this.startAnimation(animate)
}

fun onSlideViewButtonClick(view: View){
    if(isUp){
        my_view.slideDown()
        my_button.setText("Slide Up")

    }
    else{
        my_view.slideUp()
        my_button.setText("Slide Down")
    }
    isUp = !isUp
}

}

Answer:

Using ObjectAnimator

private fun slideDown(view: View) {
    val height = view.height
    ObjectAnimator.ofFloat(view, "translationY", 0.toFloat(), height.toFloat()).apply {
        duration = 1000
        start()
    }
}

private fun slideUp(view: View) {
    val height = view.height
    ObjectAnimator.ofFloat(view, "translationY", height.toFloat(),0.toFloat()).apply {
        duration = 1000
        start()
    }
}

Answer:

You can used the simple three lines of code to show the animation…

//getting the hiding view by animation

 mbinding.butn.setOnClickListener {

                val SlideOutLeft = AnimationUtils.loadAnimation(this, R.anim.slide_out_left)
                simplelayout.visibility = View.INVISIBLE
                simplelayout.startAnimation(SlideOutLeft)


                val SlideInRight = AnimationUtils.loadAnimation(applicationContext, R.anim.slide_in_right)
                animation1.visibility = View.VISIBLE
                animation1.startAnimation(SlideInRight)

            }
            //again unhide the view animation
            mbinding.buttn.setOnClickListener {


               val SlideInLeft=AnimationUtils.loadAnimation(this,R.anim.slide_in_left)
                //set the layout
               simplelayout.visibility=View.VISIBLE
               simplelayout.startAnimation(SlideInLeft)

               val SlideOutRight=AnimationUtils.loadAnimation(this,R.anim.slide_out_right)
               animation1.visibility=View.INVISIBLE
               animation1.startAnimation(SlideOutRight)

            }

Answer:

With Kotlin extensions you can use this:

enum class SlideDirection{
    UP,
    DOWN,
    LEFT,
    RIGHT
}

enum class SlideType{
    SHOW,
    HIDE
}

fun View.slideAnimation(direction: SlideDirection, type: SlideType, duration: Long = 250){
    val fromX: Float
    val toX: Float
    val fromY: Float
    val toY: Float
    val array = IntArray(2)
    getLocationInWindow(array)
    if((type == SlideType.HIDE && (direction == SlideDirection.RIGHT || direction == SlideDirection.DOWN)) ||
        (type == SlideType.SHOW && (direction == SlideDirection.LEFT || direction == SlideDirection.UP))   ){
        val displayMetrics = DisplayMetrics()
        val windowManager = context.getSystemService(Context.WINDOW_SERVICE) as WindowManager
        windowManager.defaultDisplay.getMetrics(displayMetrics)
        val deviceWidth = displayMetrics.widthPixels
        val deviceHeight = displayMetrics.heightPixels
        array[0] = deviceWidth
        array[1] = deviceHeight
    }
    when (direction) {
        SlideDirection.UP -> {
            fromX = 0f
            toX = 0f
            fromY = if(type == SlideType.HIDE) 0f else (array[1] + height).toFloat()
            toY = if(type == SlideType.HIDE) -1f * (array[1] + height)  else 0f
        }
        SlideDirection.DOWN -> {
            fromX = 0f
            toX = 0f
            fromY = if(type == SlideType.HIDE) 0f else -1f * (array[1] + height)
            toY = if(type == SlideType.HIDE) 1f * (array[1] + height)  else 0f
        }
        SlideDirection.LEFT -> {
            fromX = if(type == SlideType.HIDE) 0f else 1f * (array[0] + width)
            toX = if(type == SlideType.HIDE) -1f * (array[0] + width) else 0f
            fromY = 0f
            toY = 0f
        }
        SlideDirection.RIGHT -> {
            fromX = if(type == SlideType.HIDE) 0f else -1f * (array[0] + width)
            toX = if(type == SlideType.HIDE) 1f * (array[0] + width) else 0f
            fromY = 0f
            toY = 0f
        }
    }
    val animate = TranslateAnimation(
        fromX,
        toX,
        fromY,
        toY
    )
    animate.duration = duration
    animate.setAnimationListener(object: Animation.AnimationListener{
        override fun onAnimationRepeat(animation: Animation?) {

        }

        override fun onAnimationEnd(animation: Animation?) {
            if(type == SlideType.HIDE){
                visibility = View.INVISIBLE
            }
        }

        override fun onAnimationStart(animation: Animation?) {
            visibility = View.VISIBLE
        }

    })
    startAnimation(animate)
}

Example for the extension:

view.slideAnimation(SlideDirection.UP, SlideType.HIDE)//to make it disappear through top of the screen
view.slideAnimation(SlideDirection.DOWN, SlideType.SHOW)//to make it reappear from top of the screen

view.slideAnimation(SlideDirection.DOWN, SlideType.HIDE)//to make it disappear through bottom of the screen
view.slideAnimation(SlideDirection.UP, SlideType.SHOW)//to make it reappear from bottom of the screen