I would like to place a layout on the bottom of a LinearLayout, but I can’t seem to get it to work. I know that I can use RelativeLayout to do this, but I should be able to use LinearLayout, shouldn’t I?
EDIT: Actually this is more confusing than I thought. The layout below is simplified. In reality, I’m using fragments on a pre-3.0 device, with the compatibility layer.
I used Hierarchy Viewer to examine what’s going on, and found that an android.support.v4.app.NoSaveStateFrameLayout was added to my layout, and that layout has layout_height set to wrap_content. That seems to be what’s causing my problem, but I haven’t yet figured out how to fix it.
Specifically, why doesn’t this work? Shouldn’t the layout_gravity place it at the bottom?
<LinearLayout android:orientation="vertical" android:layout_width="fill_parent" android:layout_height="fill_parent"> ... stuff here ... <LinearLayout android:layout_width="fill_parent" android:layout_height="wrap_content" android:layout_gravity="bottom" android:orientation="horizontal"> ... more stuff here ... </LinearLayout> </LinearLayout>
BTW, changing layout_height to fill_parent or setting layout_weight don’t seem to work either. I just want to better understand what is going on, because clearly I’m missing something important. Thanks.
First of all nice question.
Android behaves we can say weird in the situation like this.
if you have selected your parent linear layout’s orientation horizontal then you can set its child component at bottom by setting its layoug_gravity=bottom. suppose you have added 2 text views in that horizontal linear layout and second textview’s layout_gravity is bottom then it will set to bottom but it work like it is set at bottom in other column then the first text view. NOTE : you can set textview’s layout_gravity = “left” or “right” when its parent linearlayout is horizontal but you cant see its result.
Oppositely, if you have selected parent linearlayout’s orientation vertical then you can set its child component at left or right by using layout_gravity. but the second textview will shown in you can say next row with left or right gravity as you have set. NOTE you can set textview’s layout_gravity = “top” or “bottom” when its linear layout is vertical but you can not see its result.
Try to make sample xml design as i have stated above so you get better idea.
Strange but True!!! Try to understand this behavior. 🙂
So I resolved the problem. It’s a two-part solution:
First, the way to do this without using LinearLayout is to provide weight to the element above so that it takes up all of the empty space. BTW, you can see this example in the API demos: http://developer.android.com/resources/samples/ApiDemos/res/layout/linear_layout_3.html
<LinearLayout android:orientation="vertical" android:layout_width="fill_parent" android:layout_height="fill_parent"> ... stuff here ... <TextView android:layout_width="fill_parent" android:layout_height="wrap_content" android:weight="1"/> <LinearLayout android:layout_width="fill_parent" android:layout_height="wrap_content" android:orientation="horizontal"> ... more stuff here ... </LinearLayout> </LinearLayout>
This by itself didn’t solve my problem, as I had a NoSaveStateFrameLayout with layout_width=”wrap_content” as a parent view, and so I needed to get that fixed first. I’m using code based on the wonderful Google I/O App, and when I searched the code for NoSaveStateFrameLayout, I found this:
// For some reason, if we omit this, NoSaveStateFrameLayout thinks we are // FILL_PARENT / WRAP_CONTENT, making the progress bar stick to the top of the activity. mRootView.setLayoutParams(new ViewGroup.LayoutParams(ViewGroup.LayoutParams.FILL_PARENT, ViewGroup.LayoutParams.FILL_PARENT));
Thanks for an awesome comment Google!!! I added this into my source and everything worked great!
The moral of the story: Hierarchy Viewer and comments are your friends.
Just add space between what you want at the bottom and all the rest:
<Space android:layout_width="match_parent" android:layout_height="wrap_content" android:layout_weight="1"/>
LinearLayout will just stack things as they are placed in there. Since it is vertical, it will keep placing items one after the next in a vertical manner. Can you change the android:gravity of the linearLayout and not the layout_gravity of the nested one and see if that works.
RelativeLayout of course should be the first way but you stated you didnt want to do that. Is there reason for that?
It could be that, as per https://stackoverflow.com/a/13366783/513038, you need to set the parent LinearLayout to have
android:baselineAligned="false". Worked in my case.