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Android variables in strings.xml

Posted by: admin June 15, 2020 Leave a comment

Questions:

Somewhere I read how to use variables in XML document. They said it’s very simple and I guess it was. I successfully used it that way in Android strings.xml file. I was using it that way the whole day until suddenly android stopped to parse it and stopped to treat it like a variable.

I used it in this way:

<resources>
<string name="some_string">string1</string>
<string name="another_string"> {$some_string} trolololo </string>
</resources>

and in java accessing it through: getApplicationContext().getString(R.strings.another_string);

getApplicationContext().getString(R.strings.another_string);

In the output I used to receive string like:

string1 trolololo

and now I receive only:

{$some_string} trolololo

Does anyone have any idea what is wrong? I know that Android’s XML may differ than standard XML, but IT USED TO WORK. Awww… Thanks for any advice.

How to&Answers:

This will solve your problem:

<resources>
    <string name="some_string">string1</string>
    <string name="another_string">@string/some_string trolololo</string>
</resources>

Now the output of the getApplicationContext().getString(R.strings.another_string) will be string1 trolololo.

Answer:

Assuming that you want to pass a string value as a parameter in the another_string then your string is not well formatted to receive that argument and if you try to use it your output will be {$some_string} trolololo.

If you need to format your strings using String.format(String,
Object…)
, then you can do so by putting your format arguments in the
string resource.

<resources>
<string name="some_string">string1</string>
<string name="another_string">%1$s trolololo</string>
</resources>

Now your able to format the string with arguments from your application like this:

String arg = "It works!";
String testString = String.format(getResources().getString(R.string.another_string), arg);
Log.i("ARG", "another_string = " + testString);

Doing so the output string will be another_string = It works! trolololo.

Take a look at the Android Developers official documentation, here.

Answer:

Or, you can directly use getResources().getString(R.string.activity_title, arg).

For example

<resources>
   <string name="postfix_title">%s Gallery</string>
</resources>

and then simply,

String arg = "Colors";
String title = getResources().getString(R.string.postfix_title, arg);

This will result in title containing value Colors Gallery.

Answer:

I’m not sure how the first initial thing you’ve done was working with the curly brackets but i’ve run into this issue before and couldn’t find a solution..

Now what I do is calling those strings separately and concatenate them during runtime.