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Bash script to run php script

Posted by: admin November 29, 2017 Leave a comment

Questions:

I have a php script that I want to be run using a bash script, so I can use Cron to run the php script every minute or so.

As far as I’m aware I need to create the bash script to handle the php script which will then allow me to use the Cron tool/timer.

So far I was told I need to put:

#!/pathtoscript/testphp.php

at the start of my php script. Im not sure what to do from here…

Any advice? Thanks.

Answers:

If you have PHP installed as a command line tool (try issuing php to the terminal and see if it works), your shebang (#!) line needs to look like this:

#!/usr/bin/php

Put that at the top of your script, make it executable (chmod +x myscript.php), and make a Cron job to execute that script (same way you’d execute a bash script).

You can also use php myscript.php.

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A previous poster said..

If you have PHP installed as a command line tool… your shebang (#!) line needs to look like this: #!/usr/bin/php

While this could be true… just because you can type in php does NOT necessarily mean that’s where php is going to be… /usr/bin/php is A common location… but as with any shebang… it needs to be tailored to YOUR env.

a quick way to find out WHERE YOUR particular executable is located on your $PATH, try..
which -a php ENTER, which for me looks like..

php is /usr/local/php5/bin/php
php is /usr/bin/php
php is /usr/local/bin/php
php is /Library/WebServer/CGI-Executables/php

The first one is the default i’d get if I just typed in php at a command prompt… but I can use any of them in a shebang, or directly… You can also combine the executable name with env, as is often seen, but I don’t really know much about / trust that. XOXO.

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You just need to set :

/usr/bin/php path_to_your_php_file

in your crontab.

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#!/usr/bin/env bash
PHP=`which php`
$PHP /path/to/php/file.php

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I’m pretty sure something like this is what you are looking for:

#!/bin/sh

php /pathToScript/script.php

Save that with your desired script name (such as runPHP.sh) and give it execution rights, then you can use it however you want.

Edit: You might as well not use a bash script at all and just add the “php …” command to the crontab, if I’m not mistaken.

Good luck!

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The bash script should be something like this:

#!/bin/bash
/usr/bin/php /path/to/php/file.php

You need the php executable (usually found in /usr/bin) and the path of the php script to be ran. Now you only have to put this bash script on crontab and you’re done!

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a quick way to find out WHERE YOUR particular executable is located on your $PATH, try.

Even quicker way to find out where php is …

whereis php

I’m running debian and above command showing me

php: /usr/bin/php /usr/share/php /usr/share/man/man1/php.1.gz

Hope that helps.

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If you don’t do anything in your bash script than run the php one, you could simply run the php script from cron with a command like /usr/bin/php /path/to/your/file.php.