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Calling a java method from c++ in Android

Posted by: admin March 11, 2020 Leave a comment

Questions:

I’m trying to get a simple Java method call from C++ while Java calls native method. Here’s the Java code:

public class MainActivity extends Activity {
    private static String LIB_NAME = "name";

    static {
        System.loadLibrary(LIB_NAME);
    }

    /** Called when the activity is first created. */
    @Override
    public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.main);
        TextView tv = (TextView) findViewById(R.id.textview);
        tv.setText(this.getJniString());
    }

    public void messageMe(String text) {
        System.out.println(text);
    }

    public native String getJniString();
}

I’m trying to call messageMe method from native code in the process of getJniString* method call from Java to native.

native.cpp:

#include <string.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <jni.h>

jstring Java_the_package_MainActivity_getJniString( JNIEnv* env, jobject obj, jint depth ){

//    JavaVM *vm;
//    JNIEnv *env;
//    JavaVMInitArgs vm_args;
//    vm_args.version = JNI_VERSION_1_2;
//    vm_args.nOptions = 0;
//    vm_args.ignoreUnrecognized = 1;
//
//    // Construct a VM
//    jint res = JNI_CreateJavaVM(&vm, (void **)&env, &vm_args);

    // Construct a String
    jstring jstr = env->NewStringUTF("This string comes from JNI");
    // First get the class that contains the method you need to call
    jclass clazz = env->FindClass("the/package/MainActivity");
    // Get the method that you want to call
    jmethodID messageMe = env->GetMethodID(clazz, "messageMe", "(Ljava/lang/String;)V");
    // Call the method on the object
    jobject result = env->CallObjectMethod(jstr, messageMe);
    // Get a C-style string
    const char* str = env->GetStringUTFChars((jstring) result, NULL);
    printf("%s\n", str);
        // Clean up
    env->ReleaseStringUTFChars(jstr, str);

//    // Shutdown the VM.
//    vm->DestroyJavaVM();

    return env->NewStringUTF("Hello from JNI!");
}

After clean compilation app stops with next message:

ERROR/AndroidRuntime(742): FATAL EXCEPTION: main
        java.lang.NoSuchMethodError: messageMe
        at *.android.t3d.MainActivity.getJniString(Native Method)
        at *.android.t3d.MainActivity.onCreate(MainActivity.java:22)

Apparently it means that method name is wrong, but it looks OK to me.

How to&Answers:

If it’s an object method, you need to pass the object to CallObjectMethod:

jobject result = env->CallObjectMethod(obj, messageMe, jstr);

What you were doing was the equivalent of jstr.messageMe().

Since your is a void method, you should call:

env->CallVoidMethod(obj, messageMe, jstr);

If you want to return a result, you need to change your JNI signature (the ()V means a method of void return type) and also the return type in your Java code.

Answer:

Solution posted by Denys S. in the question post:

I quite messed it up with c to c++ conversion (basically env variable stuff), but I got it working with the following code for C++:

#include <string.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <jni.h>

jstring Java_the_package_MainActivity_getJniString( JNIEnv* env, jobject obj){

    jstring jstr = (*env)->NewStringUTF(env, "This comes from jni.");
    jclass clazz = (*env)->FindClass(env, "com/inceptix/android/t3d/MainActivity");
    jmethodID messageMe = (*env)->GetMethodID(env, clazz, "messageMe", "(Ljava/lang/String;)Ljava/lang/String;");
    jobject result = (*env)->CallObjectMethod(env, obj, messageMe, jstr);

    const char* str = (*env)->GetStringUTFChars(env,(jstring) result, NULL); // should be released but what a heck, it's a tutorial :)
    printf("%s\n", str);

    return (*env)->NewStringUTF(env, str);
}

And next code for java methods:

    public class MainActivity extends Activity {
    private static String LIB_NAME = "thelib";

    static {
        System.loadLibrary(LIB_NAME);
    }

    /** Called when the activity is first created. */
    @Override
    public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.main);
        TextView tv = (TextView) findViewById(R.id.textview);
        tv.setText(this.getJniString());
    }

    // please, let me live even though I used this dark programming technique
    public String messageMe(String text) {
        System.out.println(text);
        return text;
    }

    public native String getJniString();
}