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Cannot connect via PHP to docker mysql

Posted by: admin July 12, 2020 Leave a comment


I got a docker-compose setup with two containers: One is the php/apache service and the other container is the database (mysql).

Here is my docker-compose.yml

version: '2'
       - db
       - db:mysql
     build: .
     image: app
       - "80:80"
     restart: always
       - db:db
       - ../:/var/www/html/

     image: mysql:latest
     restart: unless-stopped
       - ./db_data:/var/lib/mysql
       - ./databaseDumps:/tmp/databaseDumps
       MYSQL_USER: "myApp"
       MYSQL_PASSWORD: "root"
       MYSQL_ROOT_PASSWORD: "root"
       MYSQL_DATABASE: "myAppDatabase"
       MYSQL_ROOT_HOST: "%"

And here is my app Dockerfile:

FROM php:7-apache

COPY prefilled_files/000-default.conf /etc/apache2/sites-available/000-default.conf
RUN apt-get -qq update
RUN apt-get -qq -y install libpng-dev curl git nano vim zip unzip mysql-client libmysqlclient-dev
RUN curl -sS https://getcomposer.org/installer | php -- --install-dir=/usr/local/bin --filename=composer
RUN curl -sL https://deb.nodesource.com/setup_6.x | bash -
RUN apt-get install -y nodejs
RUN npm install -g bower
RUN npm install -g gulp
RUN docker-php-ext-install pdo pdo_mysql gd mysqli
EXPOSE 8080 80

The main problem is, the mysql database and the app container working well, and I can connect to the mysql database from the app container via

[email protected]: mysql -h db -u myApp -p


if I try to execute composer install on my symfony project, following error message appears:

  SQLSTATE[HY000] [2002] Connection refused  

  SQLSTATE[HY000] [2002] Connection refused  

Here are my parameters of my app:

    database_driver: pdo_mysql
    database_host: db
    database_port: 3306
    database_name: myAppDatabase
    database_user: myApp
    database_password: root

Why is this happening?
I’ve read through several forums and sites but nothing helped.
I tried the following solutions and nothing helped:

  • clearing symfony cache 😉
  • expose 3306 on mysql container
  • link app and mysql container together
  • removing all images and containers from my computer and reinstalled everything
  • I tried on windows and on ubuntu 17.04. Same behavior

connecting to a docker-compose mysql container denies access but docker running same image does not

docker-compose wordpress mysql connection refused


I tried to access my database with a little php script from https://gist.github.com/chales/11359952 . PHP/My Script can actually connect to the database, so the problem has to be in with my composer install or in doctrine or in my configuration of symfony.


  • 2 Docker container via docker compose
  • I can access the database via mysql command on the app container but not over composer install. Why?
How to&Answers:

I think it’s the way it’s trying to find the container via the host name ‘db’, I’ve found that on the machine running docker, it doesn’t seem to pick up the names of the guest containers (could be some DNS config you could change) but the way I’ve worked round it is to find the IP address of the MySQL container. I have docker_db_1 as the container name for MySQL, so I run (assuming *nix)

docker inspect docker_db_1 | grep IPAddress

Which in my case gives me

    "SecondaryIPAddresses": null,
    "IPAddress": "",
            "IPAddress": "",

And I use this IP address ( to connect to rather than db.