Home » Android » Change fill color on vector asset in Android Studio

Change fill color on vector asset in Android Studio

Posted by: admin March 10, 2020 Leave a comment

Questions:

Android Studio now supports vector assets on 21+ and will generate pngs for lower versions at compile time. I have a vector asset (from the Material Icons) that I want to change the fill color. This works on 21+, but the generated pngs do not change color. Is there a way to do this?

<vector android:height="48dp" android:viewportHeight="24.0"
android:viewportWidth="24.0" android:width="48dp" xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android">
<path android:fillColor="@color/primary" android:pathData="M9,16.17L4.83,12l-1.42,1.41L9,19 21,7l-1.41,-1.41z"/>

How to&Answers:

Don’t edit the vector assets directly. If you’re using a vector drawable in an ImageButton, just choose your color in android:tint.

<ImageButton
        android:layout_width="48dp"
        android:layout_height="48dp"
        android:id="@+id/button"
        android:src="@drawable/ic_more_vert_24dp"
        android:tint="@color/primary" />

Answer:

You can do it.

BUT you cannot use @color references for colors (..lame), otherwise it will work only for L+

<vector xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:width="24dp"
    android:height="24dp"
    android:viewportWidth="24.0"
    android:viewportHeight="24.0">
<path
    android:fillColor="#FFAABB"
    android:pathData="M15.5,14h-0.79l-0.28,-0.27C15.41,12.59 16,11.11 16,9.5 16,5.91 13.09,3 9.5,3S3,5.91 3,9.5 5.91,16 9.5,16c1.61,0 3.09,-0.59 4.23,-1.57l0.27,0.28v0.79l5,4.99L20.49,19l-4.99,-5zm-6,0C7.01,14 5,11.99 5,9.5S7.01,5 9.5,5 14,7.01 14,9.5 11.99,14 9.5,14z"/>

Answer:

As said in other answers, don’t edit the vector drawable directly, instead you can tint in java code, like that:

    mWrappedDrawable = mDrawable.mutate();
    mWrappedDrawable = DrawableCompat.wrap(mWrappedDrawable);
    DrawableCompat.setTint(mWrappedDrawable, mColor);
    DrawableCompat.setTintMode(mWrappedDrawable, PorterDuff.Mode.SRC_IN);

And for the sake of simplicity, I have created a helper class:

import android.content.Context;
import android.graphics.PorterDuff;
import android.graphics.drawable.Drawable;
import android.os.Build;
import android.support.annotation.ColorRes;
import android.support.annotation.DrawableRes;
import android.support.annotation.NonNull;
import android.support.v4.content.ContextCompat;
import android.support.v4.graphics.drawable.DrawableCompat;
import android.view.MenuItem;
import android.view.View;
import android.widget.ImageView;

/**
 * {@link Drawable} helper class.
 *
 * @author Filipe Bezerra
 * @version 18/01/2016
 * @since 18/01/2016
 */
public class DrawableHelper {
    @NonNull Context mContext;
    @ColorRes private int mColor;
    private Drawable mDrawable;
    private Drawable mWrappedDrawable;

    public DrawableHelper(@NonNull Context context) {
        mContext = context;
    }

    public static DrawableHelper withContext(@NonNull Context context) {
        return new DrawableHelper(context);
    }

    public DrawableHelper withDrawable(@DrawableRes int drawableRes) {
        mDrawable = ContextCompat.getDrawable(mContext, drawableRes);
        return this;
    }

    public DrawableHelper withDrawable(@NonNull Drawable drawable) {
        mDrawable = drawable;
        return this;
    }

    public DrawableHelper withColor(@ColorRes int colorRes) {
        mColor = ContextCompat.getColor(mContext, colorRes);
        return this;
    }

    public DrawableHelper tint() {
        if (mDrawable == null) {
            throw new NullPointerException("É preciso informar o recurso drawable pelo método withDrawable()");
        }

        if (mColor == 0) {
            throw new IllegalStateException("É necessário informar a cor a ser definida pelo método withColor()");
        }

        mWrappedDrawable = mDrawable.mutate();
        mWrappedDrawable = DrawableCompat.wrap(mWrappedDrawable);
        DrawableCompat.setTint(mWrappedDrawable, mColor);
        DrawableCompat.setTintMode(mWrappedDrawable, PorterDuff.Mode.SRC_IN);

        return this;
    }

    @SuppressWarnings("deprecation")
    public void applyToBackground(@NonNull View view) {
        if (mWrappedDrawable == null) {
            throw new NullPointerException("É preciso chamar o método tint()");
        }

        if(Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= Build.VERSION_CODES.JELLY_BEAN) {
            view.setBackground(mWrappedDrawable);
        } else {
            view.setBackgroundDrawable(mWrappedDrawable);
        }
    }

    public void applyTo(@NonNull ImageView imageView) {
        if (mWrappedDrawable == null) {
            throw new NullPointerException("É preciso chamar o método tint()");
        }

        imageView.setImageDrawable(mWrappedDrawable);
    }

    public void applyTo(@NonNull MenuItem menuItem) {
        if (mWrappedDrawable == null) {
            throw new NullPointerException("É preciso chamar o método tint()");
        }

        menuItem.setIcon(mWrappedDrawable);
    }

    public Drawable get() {
        if (mWrappedDrawable == null) {
            throw new NullPointerException("É preciso chamar o método tint()");
        }

        return mWrappedDrawable;
    }
}

To use just do the following:

    DrawableHelper
            .withContext(this)
            .withColor(R.color.white)
            .withDrawable(R.drawable.ic_search_24dp)
            .tint()
            .applyTo(mSearchItem);

Or:

    final Drawable drawable = DrawableHelper
            .withContext(this)
            .withColor(R.color.white)
            .withDrawable(R.drawable.ic_search_24dp)
            .tint()
            .get();

    actionBar.setHomeAsUpIndicator(drawable);

Answer:

To change vector image color you can directly use android:tint=”@color/colorAccent”

<ImageView
        android:id="@+id/ivVectorImage"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:src="@drawable/ic_account_circle_black_24dp"
        android:tint="@color/colorAccent" />

To change color programatically

ImageView ivVectorImage = (ImageView) findViewById(R.id.ivVectorImage);
ivVectorImage.setColorFilter(getResources().getColor(R.color.colorPrimary));

Answer:

Currently the working soloution is
android:fillColor=”#FFFFFF”

Nothing worked for me except hard coding in the vector

<vector xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:width="24dp"
    android:height="24dp"
    android:viewportWidth="24.0"
      android:fillColor="#FFFFFF"
    android:viewportHeight="24.0">
<path
    android:fillColor="#FFFFFF"
    android:pathData="M15.5,14h-0.79l-0.28,-0.27C15.41,12.59 16,11.11 16,9.5 16,5.91 13.09,3 9.5,3S3,5.91 3,9.5 5.91,16 9.5,16c1.61,0 3.09,-0.59 4.23,-1.57l0.27,0.28v0.79l5,4.99L20.49,19l-4.99,-5zm-6,0C7.01,14 5,11.99 5,9.5S7.01,5 9.5,5 14,7.01 14,9.5 11.99,14 9.5,14z"/>

However, fillcolor and tint might work soon. Please see this discussion for more information:

https://code.google.com/p/android/issues/detail?id=186431

Also the colors mighr stick in the cache so deleting app for all users might help.

Answer:

Android studio now supports vectors pre-lollipop. No PNG conversion. You can still change your fill color and it will work.

In you ImageView, use

 app:srcCompat="@drawable/ic_more_vert_24dp"

In your gradle file,

 // Gradle Plugin 2.0+  
 android {  
   defaultConfig {  
     vectorDrawables.useSupportLibrary = true  
   }  
 }  

 compile 'com.android.support:design:23.4.0'

Answer:

Update: AppCompat support

Other answers suspecting if android:tint will work on only 21+ devices only, AppCompat(v23.2.0 and above) now provides a backward compatible handling of tint attribute.

So, the course of action would be to use AppCompatImageView and app:srcCompat(in AppCompat namespace) instead of android:src(Android namespace).

Here is an example:

<android.support.v7.widget.AppCompatImageView
        android:id="@+id/credits_material_icon"
        android:layout_width="20dp"
        android:layout_height="20dp"
        android:layout_marginBottom="8dp"
        android:layout_marginLeft="16dp"
        android:layout_marginStart="16dp"
        android:scaleType="fitCenter"
        android:tint="#ffd2ee"
        app:layout_constraintBottom_toBottomOf="parent"
        app:layout_constraintLeft_toLeftOf="parent"
        app:srcCompat="@drawable/ic_dollar_coin_stack" />

And don’t forget to enable vector drawable support in gradle:

vectorDrawables.useSupportLibrary = true 

Answer:

Add this library to the Gradle to enable color vector drawable in old android Devices.

compile 'com.android.support:palette-v7:26.0.0-alpha1'

and re sync gradle. I think it will solve the problem.

Answer:

If the vectors are not showing individually set colors using fillColor then they may be being set to a default widget parameter.

Try adding app:itemIconTint="@color/lime" to activity_main.xml to set a default color type for the widget icons.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<android.support.v4.widget.DrawerLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:app="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:id="@+id/drawer_layout"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:fitsSystemWindows="true"
    tools:openDrawer="start">

    <include
        layout="@layout/app_bar_main"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="match_parent" />

    <android.support.design.widget.NavigationView
        android:id="@+id/nav_view"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="match_parent"
        android:layout_gravity="start"
        android:fitsSystemWindows="true"
        app:headerLayout="@layout/nav_header_main"
        app:itemIconTint="@color/lime"
        app:menu="@menu/activity_main_drawer" />

</android.support.v4.widget.DrawerLayout>

VectorDrawable @ developers.android

Answer:

if you look to support old version pre lolipop

use the same xml code with some changes

instead of normal ImageView --> AppCompatImageView

instead of android:src --> app:srcCompat

here is example

<android.support.v7.widget.AppCompatImageView
        android:layout_width="48dp"
        android:layout_height="48dp"
        android:id="@+id/button"
        app:srcCompat="@drawable/ic_more_vert_24dp"
        android:tint="@color/primary" />

dont forget update your gradle as @ Sayooj Valsan mention

// Gradle Plugin 2.0+  
 android {  
   defaultConfig {  
     vectorDrawables.useSupportLibrary = true  
   }  
 }  

 compile 'com.android.support:design:23.4.0'

Notice To any one use vector dont ever ever never give your vector reference to color like this one android:fillColor="@color/primary" give its hex value .

Answer:

For those not using an ImageView, the following worked for me on a plain View (and hence the behaviour should replicate on any kind of view)

<View
    android:background="@drawable/ic_reset"
    android:backgroundTint="@color/colorLightText" />