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Change int color opacity in java/android

Posted by: admin June 15, 2020 Leave a comment


I am trying to change the opacity of a color that I get of my theme with the next code:

TypedValue typedValueDrawerSelected = new TypedValue();
getTheme().resolveAttribute(R.attr.colorPrimary, typedValueDrawerSelected, true);
int colorDrawerItemSelected = typedValueDrawerSelected.data;

I want that the colorDrawerItemSelected keeps the same color, buth its alpha should be 25%.

I found some solutions getting the rgb color from the imageView, but I havent imageView.

Thank you for your time.

How to&Answers:

Wouldn’t it be sufficient?

colorDrawerItemSelected = (colorDrawerItemSelected & 0x00FFFFFF) | 0x40000000;

It saves the color value and sets the alpha to 25% of max.

First byte in the color int is responsible for the transparency: 0 – completely transparent, 255 (0xFF) – opaque. In the first part (“&” operation) we set the first byte to 0 and left other bytes untouched. In the second part we set the first byte to 0x40 which is the 25% of 0xFF (255 / 4 ≈ 64).


I use this approach in my app:

private int getTransparentColor(int color){
    int alpha = Color.alpha(color);
    int red = Color.red(color);
    int green = Color.green(color);
    int blue = Color.blue(color);

    // Set alpha based on your logic, here I'm making it 25% of it's initial value. 
    alpha *= 0.25;

    return Color.argb(alpha, red, green, blue);

You can also use ColorUtils.alphaComponent(color, alpha) from the support lib.


int[] attrs = new int[] { android.R.attr.colorPrimary };
TypedArray a = obtainStyledAttributes(attrs);
int colorPrimary = a.getColor(0, 0);

Now you can change the opacity of colorPrimary by updating the highest 8 bits:

//set new color
int newColor = (colorPrimary & 0x00FFFFFF) | (0x40 << 24);


Use ColorUtils.setAlphaComponent(color, alpha) to set the alpha value to a color easy. The ColorUtils class is in the android support lib.