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Check if a key exists inside a json object

Posted by: admin November 19, 2017 Leave a comment

Questions:
amt: "10.00"
email: "sam@gmail.com"
merchant_id: "sam"
mobileNo: "9874563210"
orderID: "123456"
passkey: "1234"

The above is the JSON object I’m dealing with. I want to check if the ‘merchant_id’ key exists. I tried the below code, but it’s not working. Any way to achieve it?

<script>
window.onload = function getApp()
{
  var thisSession = JSON.parse('<?php echo json_encode($_POST); ?>');
  //console.log(thisSession);
  if (!("merchant_id" in thisSession)==0)
  {
    // do nothing.
  }
  else 
  {
    alert("yeah");
  }
}
</script>
Answers:

Try this,

if(thisSession.hasOwnProperty('merchant_id')){

}

the JS Object thisSession should be like

{
amt: "10.00",
email: "sam@gmail.com",
merchant_id: "sam",
mobileNo: "9874563210",
orderID: "123456",
passkey: "1234"
}

you can find the details here

Questions:
Answers:

There’s several ways to do it, depending on your intent.

thisSession.hasOwnProperty('merchant_id'); will tell you if thisSession has that key itself (i.e. not something it inherits from elsewhere)

"merchant_id" in thisSession will tell you if thisSession has the key at all, regardless of where it got it.

thisSession["merchant_id"] will return false if the key does not exist, or if its value evaluates to false for any reason (e.g. if it’s a literal false or the integer 0 and so on).

Questions:
Answers:

Type check will also work as :

if(typeof Obj.property == "undefined"){
    // Assign value to the property here
    Obj.property = someValue;
}

Questions:
Answers:

I just wanted to point this out even though I’m late to the party. The original question you were trying to find a ‘Not IN’ essentially which looks like is not supported from the research (2 links below) that I was doing.
So if you wanted to do a not:

("merchant_id" in x)
true
("merchant_id_NotInObject" in x)
false 

I’d recommend
just setting that expression == to what you’re looking for

if (("merchant_id" in thisSession)==false)
{
    // do nothing.
}
else 
{
    alert("yeah");
}

https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/JavaScript/Reference/Operators/in
http://www.w3schools.com/jsref/jsref_operators.asp

Questions:
Answers:

function to check undefined and null objects

function elementCheck(objarray, callback) {
        var list_undefined = "";
        async.forEachOf(objarray, function (item, key, next_key) {
            console.log("item----->", item);
            console.log("key----->", key);
            if (item == undefined || item == '') {
                list_undefined = list_undefined + "" + key + "!!  ";
                next_key(null);
            } else {
                next_key(null);
            }
        }, function (next_key) {
            callback(list_undefined);
        })
    }

here is an easy way to check whether object sent is contain undefined or null

var objarray={
"passenger_id":"59b64a2ad328b62e41f9050d",
"started_ride":"1",
"bus_id":"59b8f920e6f7b87b855393ca",
"route_id":"59b1333c36a6c342e132f5d5",
"start_location":"",
"stop_location":""
}
elementCheck(objarray,function(list){
console.log("list");
)

Questions:
Answers:

You can try if(typeof object !== 'undefined')

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