Home » Php » check if is multibyte string in PHP

check if is multibyte string in PHP

Posted by: admin July 12, 2020 Leave a comment

Questions:

I want to check if is a string type multibyte on PHP.
Have any idea how to accomplish this?

Example:

<?php!
$string = "I dont have idea that is what i am...";
if( is_multibyte( $string ) )
{
    echo 'yes!!';
}else{
    echo 'ups!';
}
?>

Maybe( rule 8 bytes ):

<?php
if( mb_strlen( $string ) > strlen() )
{
    return true;
}
else
{
    return false;
}
?>

I read:
Variable width encoding – WIKI and
UTF-8 – WIKI

How to&Answers:

There are two interpretations. The first is that every character is multibyte. The second is that the string contains one multibyte character at least. If you have an interest for handling invalid byte sequence, see https://stackoverflow.com/a/13695364/531320 for details.

function is_all_multibyte($string)
{
    // check if the string doesn't contain invalid byte sequence
    if (mb_check_encoding($string, 'UTF-8') === false) return false;

    $length = mb_strlen($string, 'UTF-8');

    for ($i = 0; $i < $length; $i += 1) {

        $char = mb_substr($string, $i, 1, 'UTF-8');

        // check if the string doesn't contain single character
        if (mb_check_encoding($char, 'ASCII')) {

            return false;

        }

    }

    return true;

}

function contains_any_multibyte($string)
{
    return !mb_check_encoding($string, 'ASCII') && mb_check_encoding($string, 'UTF-8');
}

$data = ['東京', 'Tokyo', '東京(Tokyo)'];

var_dump(
    [true, false, false] ===
    array_map(function($v) {
        return is_all_multibyte($v);
    },
    $data),
    [true, false, true] ===
    array_map(function($v) {
        return contains_any_multibyte($v);
    },
    $data)
);

Answer:

I’m not sure if there’s a better way, but a quick way that comes in mind is:

if (mb_strlen($str) != strlen($str)) {
    echo "yes";
} else {
    echo "no";
}

Answer:

To determine if something is multibyte or not you need to be specific about which character set you’re using. If your character set is Latin1, for example, no strings will be multibyte. If your character set is UTF-16, every string is multibyte.

That said, if you only care about a specific character set, say utf-8, you can use a mb_strlen < strlen test if you specify the encoding parameter explicitly.

function is_multibyte($s) {
  return mb_strlen($s,'utf-8') < strlen($s);
}