Home » Html » checked = “checked” vs checked = true

checked = “checked” vs checked = true

Posted by: admin November 29, 2017 Leave a comment


What is the difference between the below two usage ?

document.getElementById('myRadio').checked = "checked";


document.getElementById('myRadio').checked = true;

For me both are behaving the same. But, I am just curious to know why there exists two methods to do the same.

Which one will be the ideal usage? I need to support IE7 and higher versions.


document.getElementById('myRadio').checked is a boolean value. It should be true or false

document.getElementById('myRadio').checked = "checked"; casts the string to a boolean, which is true.

document.getElementById('myRadio').checked = true; just assigns true without casting.

Use true as it is marginally more efficient and is more intention revealing to maintainers.


The original checked attribute (HTML 4 and before) did not require a value on it – if it existed, the element was “checked”, if not, it wasn’t.

This, however is not valid for XHTML that followed HTML 4.

The standard proposed to use checked="checked" as a condition for true – so both ways you posted end up doing the same thing.

It really doesn’t matter which one you use – use the one that makes most sense to you and stick to it (or agree with your team which way to go).


document.getElementById('myRadio') returns you the DOM element, i’ll reference it as elem in this answer.

elem.checked accesses the property named checked of the DOM element. This property is always a boolean.

When writing HTML you use checked="checked" in XHTML; in HTML you can simply use checked. When setting the attribute (this is done via .setAttribute('checked', 'checked')) you need to provide a value since some browsers consider an empty value being non-existent.

However, since you have the DOM element you have no reason to set the attribute since you can simply use the – much more comfortable – boolean property for it. Since non-empty strings are considered true in a boolean context, setting elem.checked to 'checked' or anything else that is not a falsy value (even 'false' or '0') will check the checkbox. There is not reason not to use true and false though so you should stick with the proper values.


The element has both an attribute and a property named checked. The property determines the current state.

The attribute is a string, and the property is a boolean. When the element is created from the HTML code, the attribute is set from the markup, and the property is set depending on the value of the attribute.

If there is no value for the attribute in the markup, the attribute becomes null, but the property is always either true or false, so it becomes false.

When you set the property, you should use a boolean value:

document.getElementById('myRadio').checked = true;

If you set the attribute, you use a string:

document.getElementById('myRadio').setAttribute('checked', 'checked');

Note that setting the attribute also changes the property, but setting the property doesn’t change the attribute.

Note also that whatever value you set the attribute to, the property becomes true. Even if you use an empty string or null, setting the attribute means that it’s checked. Use removeAttribute to uncheck the element using the attribute:



checked attribute is a boolean value so "checked" value of other "string" except boolean false converts to true.

Any string value will be true. Also presence of attribute make it true:

<input type="checkbox" checked>

You can make it uncheked only making boolean change in DOM using JS.

So the answer is: they are equal.