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Convert the first element of an array to a string in PHP

Posted by: admin April 23, 2020 Leave a comment

Questions:

I have a PHP array and want to convert it to a string.

I know I can use join or implode, but in my case array has only one item. Why do I have to use combine values in an array with only one item?

This array is the output of my PHP function which returns an array:

Array(18 => 'Something');

How do I convert this to a string?

How to&Answers:

Is there any other way to convert that array into string ?

You don’t want to convert the array to a string, you want to get the value of the array’s sole element, if I read it correctly.

<?php
  $foo = array( 18 => 'Something' );
  $value = array_shift( $foo );
  echo $value; // 'Something'.

?>

Using array_shift you don’t have to worry about the index.

EDIT: Mind you, array_shift is not the only function that will return a single value. array_pop( ), current( ), end( ), reset( ), they will all return that one single element. All of the posted solutions work. Using array shift though, you can be sure that you’ll only ever get the first value of the array, even when there are multiple.

Answer:

Is there any other way to convert that
array into string ?

Yes there is. serialize(). It can convert various data types (including object and arrays) into a string representation which you can unserialize() at a later time. Serializing an associative array such as Array(18 => 'Somthing') will preserve both keys and values:

<?php
$a = array(18 => 'Something');
echo serialize($a);                                   // a:1:{i:18;s:9:"Something";}
var_dump(unserialize('a:1:{i:18;s:9:"Something";}')); // array(1) {
                                                      //   [18]=>
                                                      //   string(9) "Something"
                                                      // }

Answer:

A simple way to create a array to a PHP string array is:

<?PHP
    $array = array("firstname"=>"John", "lastname"=>"doe");
    $json = json_encode($array);
    $phpStringArray = str_replace(array("{", "}", ":"), 
                                  array("array(", "}", "=>"), $json);
    echo phpStringArray;
?>

Answer:

You can use the reset() function, it will return the first array member.

Answer:

implode or join (they’re the exact same thing) would work here. Alternatively, you can just call array_pop and get the value of the only element in the array.

Answer:

If your goal is output your array to a string for debbuging: you can use the print_r() function, which receives an expression parameter (your array), and an optional boolean return parameter. Normally the function is used to echo the array, but if you set the return parameter as true, it will return the array impression.

Example:

    //We create a 2-dimension Array as an example
    $ProductsArray = array();

    $row_array['Qty'] = 20;
    $row_array['Product'] = "Cars";

    array_push($ProductsArray,$row_array);

    $row_array2['Qty'] = 30;
    $row_array2['Product'] = "Wheels";

    array_push($ProductsArray,$row_array2);

    //We save the Array impression into a variable using the print_r function
    $ArrayString = print_r($ProductsArray, 1);

    //You can echo the string
    echo $ArrayString;

    //or Log the string into a Log file
    $date = date("Y-m-d H:i:s", time());
    $LogFile = "Log.txt";
    $fh = fopen($LogFile, 'a') or die("can't open file");
    $stringData = "--".$date."\n".$ArrayString."\n";
    fwrite($fh, $stringData);
    fclose($fh);

This will be the output:

Array
(
    [0] => Array
        (
            [Qty] => 20
            [Product] => Cars
        )

    [1] => Array
        (
            [Qty] => 30
            [Product] => Wheels
        )

)

Answer:

You could use print_r and html interpret it to convert it into a string with newlines like this:

$arraystring = print_r($your_array, true); 

$arraystring = '<pre>'.print_r($your_array, true).'</pre>';

Or you could mix many arrays and vars if you do this

ob_start();
print_r($var1);
print_r($arr1);
echo "blah blah";
print_r($var2);
print_r($var1);
$your_string_var = ob_get_clean();

Answer:

A For() loop is very useful. You can add your array’s value to another variable like this:

<?php
    $dizi=array('mother','father','child'); //This is array

    $sayi=count($dizi);
    for ($i=0; $i<$sayi; $i++) {
        $dizin.=("'$dizi[$i]',"); //Now it is string...
    }
         echo substr($dizin,0,-1); //Write it like string :D
?>

In this code we added $dizi’s values and comma to $dizin:

$dizin.=("'$dizi[$i]',");

Now

$dizin = 'mother', 'father', 'child',

It’s a string, but it has an extra comma 🙂

And then we deleted the last comma, substr($dizin, 0, -1);

Output:

‘mother’,’father’,’child’

Answer:

Since the issue of whitespace only comes up when exporting arrays, you can use the original var_export() for all other variable types. This function does the job, and, from the outside, works the same as var_export().

<?php

function var_export_min($var, $return = false) {
    if (is_array($var)) {
        $toImplode = array();
        foreach ($var as $key => $value) {
            $toImplode[] = var_export($key, true).'=>'.var_export_min($value, true);
        }
        $code = 'array('.implode(',', $toImplode).')';
        if ($return) return $code;
        else echo $code;
    } else {
        return var_export($var, $return);
    }
}

?>

http://www.php.net/manual/en/function.var-export.php#54440

Answer:

Convert an array to a string in PHP:

  1. Use the PHP join function like this:

    $my_array = array(4, 1, 8);
    
    print_r($my_array);
    Array
    (
        [0] => 4
        [1] => 1
        [2] => 8
    )
    
    $result_string = join(',', $my_array);
    echo $result_string;
    

    Which delimits the items in the array by comma into a string:

    4,1,8
    
  2. Or use the PHP implode function like this:

    $my_array = array(4, 1, 8);
    echo implode($my_array);
    

    Which prints:

    418
    
  3. Here is what happens if you join or implode key value pairs in a PHP array

    php> $keyvalues = array();
    
    php> $keyvalues['foo'] = "bar";
    
    php> $keyvalues['pyramid'] = "power";
    
    php> print_r($keyvalues);
    Array
    (
        [foo] => bar
        [pyramid] => power
    )
    
    php> echo join(',', $keyvalues);
    bar,power
    php> echo implode($keyvalues);
    barpower
    php>
    

Answer:

Use the inbuilt function in PHP, implode(array, separator):

<?php
    $ar = array("parth","raja","nikhar");
    echo implode($ar,"/");
?>

Result: parth/raja/nikhar

Answer:

Convert array to a string in PHP:

Use the PHP join function like this:

$my_array = array(4,1,8);

print_r($my_array);
Array
(
    [0] => 4
    [1] => 1
    [2] => 8
)

$result_string = join(',' , $my_array);
echo $result_string;

Which delimits the items in the array by comma into a string:

4,1,8

Answer:

For completeness and simplicity sake, the following should be fine:

$str = var_export($array, true);

It does the job quite well in my case, but others seem to have issues with whitespace. In that case, the answer from ucefkh provides a workaround from a comment in the PHP manual.