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Converting a view to Bitmap without displaying it in Android?

Posted by: admin March 11, 2020 Leave a comment

Questions:

I will try to explain what exactly I need to do.

I have 3 separate screens say A,B,C. There is another screen called say HomeScreen where all the 3 screens bitmap should be displayed in Gallery view and the user can select in which view does he wants to go.

I have been able to get the Bitmaps of all the 3 screens and display it in Gallery view by placing all the code in HomeScreen Activity only. Now, this has complicated the code a lot and I will like to simplify it.

So, can I call another Activity from HomeScreen and do not display it and just get the Bitmap of that screen. For example, say I just call HomeScreen and it calls Activity A,B,C and none of the Activities from A,B,C are displayed. It just gives the Bitmap of that screen by getDrawingCache(). And then we can display those bitmaps in Gallery view in HomeScreen.

I hope I have explained the problem very clearly.

Please let me know if this is actually possible.

How to&Answers:

there is a way to do this. you have to create a Bitmap and a Canvas and call view.draw(canvas);

here is the code:

public static Bitmap loadBitmapFromView(View v) {
    Bitmap b = Bitmap.createBitmap( v.getLayoutParams().width, v.getLayoutParams().height, Bitmap.Config.ARGB_8888);                
    Canvas c = new Canvas(b);
    v.layout(v.getLeft(), v.getTop(), v.getRight(), v.getBottom());
    v.draw(c);
    return b;
}

if the view wasn’t displayed before the size of it will be zero. Its possible to measure it like this:

if (v.getMeasuredHeight() <= 0) {
    v.measure(LayoutParams.WRAP_CONTENT, LayoutParams.WRAP_CONTENT);
    Bitmap b = Bitmap.createBitmap(v.getMeasuredWidth(), v.getMeasuredHeight(), Bitmap.Config.ARGB_8888);
    Canvas c = new Canvas(b);
    v.layout(0, 0, v.getMeasuredWidth(), v.getMeasuredHeight());
    v.draw(c);
    return b;
}

EDIT: according to this post, Passing WRAP_CONTENT as value to makeMeasureSpec() doesn’t to do any good (although for some view classes it does work), and the recommended method is:

// Either this
int specWidth = MeasureSpec.makeMeasureSpec(parentWidth, MeasureSpec.AT_MOST);
// Or this
int specWidth = MeasureSpec.makeMeasureSpec(0 /* any */, MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED);
view.measure(specWidth, specWidth);
int questionWidth = view.getMeasuredWidth();

Answer:

here is my solution:

public static Bitmap getBitmapFromView(View view) {
    Bitmap returnedBitmap = Bitmap.createBitmap(view.getWidth(), view.getHeight(),Bitmap.Config.ARGB_8888);
    Canvas canvas = new Canvas(returnedBitmap);
    Drawable bgDrawable =view.getBackground();
    if (bgDrawable!=null) 
        bgDrawable.draw(canvas);
    else 
        canvas.drawColor(Color.WHITE);
    view.draw(canvas);
    return returnedBitmap;
}

Enjoy 🙂

Answer:

Try this,

        /**
         * Draw the view into a bitmap.
         */
        public static Bitmap getViewBitmap(View v) {
            v.clearFocus();
            v.setPressed(false);

            boolean willNotCache = v.willNotCacheDrawing();
            v.setWillNotCacheDrawing(false);

            // Reset the drawing cache background color to fully transparent
            // for the duration of this operation
            int color = v.getDrawingCacheBackgroundColor();
            v.setDrawingCacheBackgroundColor(0);

            if (color != 0) {
                v.destroyDrawingCache();
            }
            v.buildDrawingCache();
            Bitmap cacheBitmap = v.getDrawingCache();
            if (cacheBitmap == null) {
                Log.e(TAG, "failed getViewBitmap(" + v + ")", new RuntimeException());
                return null;
            }

            Bitmap bitmap = Bitmap.createBitmap(cacheBitmap);

            // Restore the view
            v.destroyDrawingCache();
            v.setWillNotCacheDrawing(willNotCache);
            v.setDrawingCacheBackgroundColor(color);

            return bitmap;
        }

Answer:

I know this may be a stale issue, but I was having problems getting any of these solutions to work for me.
Specifically, I found that if any changes were made to the view after it was inflated that those changes would not get incorporated into the rendered bitmap.

Here’s the method which ended up working for my case. With one caveat, however. prior to calling getViewBitmap(View) I inflated my view and asked it to layout with known dimensions. This was needed since my view layout would make it zero height/width until content was placed inside.

View view = LayoutInflater.from(context).inflate(layoutID, null);
//Do some stuff to the view, like add an ImageView, etc.
view.layout(0, 0, width, height);

Bitmap getViewBitmap(View view)
{
    //Get the dimensions of the view so we can re-layout the view at its current size
    //and create a bitmap of the same size 
    int width = view.getWidth();
    int height = view.getHeight();

    int measuredWidth = View.MeasureSpec.makeMeasureSpec(width, View.MeasureSpec.EXACTLY);
    int measuredHeight = View.MeasureSpec.makeMeasureSpec(height, View.MeasureSpec.EXACTLY);

    //Cause the view to re-layout
    view.measure(measuredWidth, measuredHeight);
    view.layout(0, 0, view.getMeasuredWidth(), view.getMeasuredHeight());

    //Create a bitmap backed Canvas to draw the view into
    Bitmap b = Bitmap.createBitmap(width, height, Bitmap.Config.ARGB_8888);
    Canvas c = new Canvas(b);

    //Now that the view is laid out and we have a canvas, ask the view to draw itself into the canvas
    view.draw(c);

    return b;
}

The “magic sauce” for me was found here:
https://groups.google.com/forum/#!topic/android-developers/BxIBAOeTA1Q

Cheers,

Levi

Answer:

There is a great Kotlin extension function in Android KTX: View.drawToBitmap(Bitmap.Config)

Answer:

Hope this helps

View view="some view instance";        
view.setDrawingCacheEnabled(true);
Bitmap bitmap=view.getDrawingCache();
view.setDrawingCacheEnabled(false);

Update

getDrawingCache() method is deprecated in API level 28. So look for other alternative for API level > 28.

Answer:

I think this is a bit better :

/**
 * draws the view's content to a bitmap. code initially based on :
 * http://nadavfima.com/android-snippet-inflate-a-layout-draw-to-a-bitmap/
 */
@Nullable
public static Bitmap drawToBitmap(final View viewToDrawFrom, int width, int height) {
    boolean wasDrawingCacheEnabled = viewToDrawFrom.isDrawingCacheEnabled();
    if (!wasDrawingCacheEnabled)
        viewToDrawFrom.setDrawingCacheEnabled(true);
    if (width <= 0 || height <= 0) {
        if (viewToDrawFrom.getWidth() <= 0 || viewToDrawFrom.getHeight() <= 0) {
            viewToDrawFrom.measure(MeasureSpec.makeMeasureSpec(0, MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED), MeasureSpec.makeMeasureSpec(0, MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED));
            width = viewToDrawFrom.getMeasuredWidth();
            height = viewToDrawFrom.getMeasuredHeight();
        }
        if (width <= 0 || height <= 0) {
            final Bitmap bmp = viewToDrawFrom.getDrawingCache();
            final Bitmap result = bmp == null ? null : Bitmap.createBitmap(bmp);
            if (!wasDrawingCacheEnabled)
                viewToDrawFrom.setDrawingCacheEnabled(false);
            return result;
        }
        viewToDrawFrom.layout(0, 0, width, height);
    } else {
        viewToDrawFrom.measure(MeasureSpec.makeMeasureSpec(width, MeasureSpec.EXACTLY), MeasureSpec.makeMeasureSpec(height, MeasureSpec.EXACTLY));
        viewToDrawFrom.layout(0, 0, viewToDrawFrom.getMeasuredWidth(), viewToDrawFrom.getMeasuredHeight());
    }
    final Bitmap drawingCache = viewToDrawFrom.getDrawingCache();
    final Bitmap bmp = ThumbnailUtils.extractThumbnail(drawingCache, width, height);
    final Bitmap result = bmp == null || bmp != drawingCache ? bmp : Bitmap.createBitmap(bmp);
    if (!wasDrawingCacheEnabled)
        viewToDrawFrom.setDrawingCacheEnabled(false);
    return result;
}

Using the above code, you don’t have to specify the size of the bitmap (use 0 for width&height) if you want to use the one of the view itself.

Also, if you wish to convert special views (SurfaceView, Surface or Window, for example) to a bitmap, you should consider using PixelCopy class instead. It requires API 24 and above though. I don’t know how to do it before.

Answer:

Layout or view to bitmap:

 private Bitmap createBitmapFromLayout(View tv) {      
    int spec = View.MeasureSpec.makeMeasureSpec(0, View.MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED);
    tv.measure(spec, spec);
    tv.layout(0, 0, tv.getMeasuredWidth(), tv.getMeasuredHeight());
    Bitmap b = Bitmap.createBitmap(tv.getMeasuredWidth(), tv.getMeasuredWidth(),
            Bitmap.Config.ARGB_8888);
    Canvas c = new Canvas(b);
    c.translate((-tv.getScrollX()), (-tv.getScrollY()));
    tv.draw(c);
    return b;
}

Calling Method:

Bitmap src = createBitmapFromLayout(View.inflate(this, R.layout.sample, null)/* or pass your view object*/);

Answer:

view.setDrawingCacheEnabled(true);
Bitmap bitmap = Bitmap.createBitmap(view.getDrawingCache());
view.setDrawingCacheEnabled(false);