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Create a Cumulative Sum Column in MySQL

Posted by: admin November 1, 2017 Leave a comment

Questions:

I have a table that looks like this:

id   count
1    100
2    50
3    10

I want to add a new column called cumulative_sum, so the table would look like this:

id   count  cumulative_sum
1    100    100
2    50     150
3    10     160

Is there a MySQL update statement that can do this easily? What’s the best way to accomplish this?

Answers:

If performance is an issue, you could use a MySQL variable:

set @csum := 0;
update YourTable
set cumulative_sum = (@csum := @csum + count)
order by id;

Alternatively, you could remove the cumulative_sum column and calculate it on each query:

set @csum := 0;
select id, count, (@csum := @csum + count) as cumulative_sum
from YourTable
order by id;

This calculates the running sum in a running way 🙂

Questions:
Answers:

Using a correlated query:


  SELECT t.id,
         t.count,
         (SELECT SUM(x.count)
            FROM TABLE x
           WHERE x.id <= t.id) AS cumulative_sum
    FROM TABLE t
ORDER BY t.id

Using MySQL variables:


  SELECT t.id,
         t.count,
         @running_total := @running_total + t.count AS cumulative_sum
    FROM TABLE t
    JOIN (SELECT @running_total := 0) r
ORDER BY t.id

Note:

  • The JOIN (SELECT @running_total := 0) r is a cross join, and allows for variable declaration without requiring a separate SET command.
  • The table alias, r, is required by MySQL for any subquery/derived table/inline view

Caveats:

  • MySQL specific; not portable to other databases
  • The ORDER BY is important; it ensures the order matches the OP and can have larger implications for more complicated variable usage (IE: psuedo ROW_NUMBER/RANK functionality, which MySQL lacks)
Questions:
Answers:
UPDATE t
SET cumulative_sum = (
 SELECT SUM(x.count)
 FROM t x
 WHERE x.id <= t.id
)

Questions:
Answers:

Sample query

SET @runtot:=0;
SELECT
   q1.d,
   q1.c,
   (@runtot := @runtot + q1.c) AS rt
FROM
   (SELECT
       DAYOFYEAR(date) AS d,
       COUNT(*) AS c
    FROM  orders
    WHERE  hasPaid > 0
    GROUP  BY d
    ORDER  BY d) AS q1

Questions:
Answers:

You could also create a trigger that will calculate the sum before each insert

delimiter |

CREATE TRIGGER calCumluativeSum  BEFORE INSERT ON someTable
  FOR EACH ROW BEGIN

  SET cumulative_sum = (
     SELECT SUM(x.count)
        FROM someTable x
        WHERE x.id <= NEW.id
    )

    set  NEW.cumulative_sum = cumulative_sum;
  END;
|

I have not tested this

Questions:
Answers:
select Id, Count, @total := @total + Count as cumulative_sum
from YourTable, (Select @total := 0) as total ;