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Create only one instance of Service (Android)

Posted by: admin April 23, 2020 Leave a comment

Questions:

How can I make sure that only one instance of Service is created?

I have checked some functions with logging (WeatherService is the class who extends Service):

Log.i(TAG, "Start  Id:" + WeatherService.this.hashCode());
Log.i(TAG, "End Id:" + WeatherService.this.hashCode());

It gives different hash codes even when I am sure that the same function is running twice (downloading):

09-12 01:00:55.195: INFO/WeatherService(7222): Start  Id:1137653208
09-12 01:00:57.235: INFO/WeatherService(7222): Start  Id:1137654296
09-12 01:00:59.035: INFO/WeatherService(7222): Start  Id:1138806536
09-12 01:01:39.085: INFO/WeatherService(7222): End Id:1137654296
09-12 01:01:39.265: INFO/WeatherService(7222): Start  Id:1137654296
09-12 01:02:22.175: INFO/WeatherService(7222): End Id:1137653208
09-12 01:02:24.815: INFO/WeatherService(7222): End Id:1138806536
09-12 01:02:24.836: INFO/WeatherService(7222): Start  Id:1138806536
09-12 01:02:40.275: INFO/WeatherService(7222): End Id:1137654296

I am binding a Activity to the service with:

bindService(new Intent(getApplicationContext(),  WeatherService.class)
                               ,mServiceConnection, BIND_AUTO_CREATE);

And the service can run for minutes until it is completed, therefore the service can be binded to/created by many Activities

How to&Answers:

How can I make sure that only one instance of Service is created?

There can only be one instance of a given Service.

It gives different hash codes even when I am sure that the same function is running twice (downloading).

Then this is not the Service. Or, the service had been destroyed and recreated between logs.

And the service can run for minutes until it is completed, therefore the service can be binded to/created
by many Activities

Then the Service is probably being destroyed and recreated. If you need the service to run for minutes, you need to use startService() and stopSelf() in addition to your bindService() and unbindService() calls. Or, perhaps you do not need to bind at all, in which case you might consider using an IntentService, since that automatically gives you a background thread on which to do your downloads.

Answer:

I experienced situation similar.
If you have been written as follow, instance can be created over one .

bindService(new Intent(getApplicationContext(),  WeatherService.class), mServiceConnection, BIND_AUTO_CREATE);

Try to write once as follows.

getApplicationContext().bindService(new Intent(getApplicationContext(), WeatherService.class),mServiceConnection, BIND_AUTO_CREATE);