I have a small problem.
How do I set a cookie for multiple domains?
I do understand the security problems, and I am sure it has been done before. The reason for this is SSO.
account.domain.com will need to set domain logged in for:
Is there any easy way, using PHP and cookies, or any alternatives?
There is absolutely no way for domain.com to set a cookie for domain1.com. What you are attempting to do can only be solved by getting the user’s browser to submit requests to each domain which will then set its own cookie.
Then you need a way for each domain to verify the user’s identity. There are two approaches to this:
- Back channel – the sites contact each other directly to determine if a user is logged in.
- Passing a token in the GET or POST – when the user’s broweser is redirected to the other site a digitally signed parameter is passed containing the identity and session status.
It’s really quite complicated. I suggest you don’t roll your own. Take a look at SimpleSAMLPHP for a PHP implementation of what I’m describing.
What you’re attempting can’t be done. (It’s a browser security issue, not a PHP one.)
Other than using some form of off-site authentication, the nearest you can achieve is making a cookie accessible across sub-domains, in which case you just use the optional ‘domain’ arg of PHP’s set_cookie function.
This can be done via one domain acting like a master and others like a slave.
Say we’ve got a domain accounts.domain.com and it’s our master.
Then we’ve got our slaves
When you’ll log on on domain.com, it’ll be actually site
accounts.domain.com, then you’ll get a cookie with unique ID for your browser and then you’ll be redirected to domain.com’s post-logon landing page (ie.
domain.com/logon?check=true&unique-id=<browser unique id>&request-id=<unique request ID>). the landing page will contact the
accounts.domain.com, querying it with the browser ID. If the transaction’s okay, then you’ll get logon cookie from
Next, on every domain (
another.com) will be initial redirect to
accounts.domain.com/roaming-check?return-url=<URL the redirect was initiated from>. Because we’re returning home (we’re logged already on
accounts.domain.com), we’ll be redirected again on our landing page (
<domain name>.com/logon?check=true&unique-id=<browser unique id>&request-id=<unique request ID>) and from this point it’s the same as the part with logging on. We’re seamlessly roamed to another domain (without user knowing it as browsers doesn’t usually show the redirected page until it passed the headers send(server)/receive(browser) section).
In case there’s in fact no active logon, the site will save this “negative logon” to session and not try to check logon anymore (until we try to logon or load another domain).
I think this solution will suit your needs: “Simple Single Sign-On for PHP“